A Randomized, Open-Label Clinical Evaluation of PROCRIT (Epoetin Alfa) for Maintenance Phase Treatment of Patients With Anemia Due to Chronic Kidney Disease

A Study to Evaluate PROCRIT (Epoetin Alfa) for Maintenance Phase Treatment of Patients With Anemia Due to Chronic Kidney Disease (PROMPT)

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.

Source Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of less frequent dosing of PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa) in patients with anemia due to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) as assessed by hemoglobin maintenance, adverse events and health-related quality of life.

Detailed Description

Epoetin alfa has been widely utilized as treatment for anemia associated with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Epoetin alfa has been shown to increase hemoglobin (Hb) levels by an average of 1.5 g/dL to 2 g/dL in these patients over 12 weeks (Data on file Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.). This improvement in Hb levels is maintained while the patient is receiving Epoetin alfa and is associated with significant improvements in survival, exercise tolerance, and quality of life. Literature has suggested that epoetin alfa can be given less frequently and still maintain an optimal hemoglobin while also allowing patient's greater convenience. This study will further confirm that less frequent dosing of epoetin alfa is safe and effective. This is an open-label, randomized multicenter study in patients with CKD. CKD patients who are currently receiving PROCRIT therapy for at least 2 months or more and with a stable Hb (>= 11g/dL) will be randomized to one of four treatment groups. A stable Hemoglobin will be defined as a value that is ± 10% for 3 consecutive laboratory values.

This study is designed to demonstrate that there is no meaningful difference in hemoglobin level with more extended dosing regimens as compared to once weekly. A clinically meaningful difference is defined as a difference that is less than 10%. Patients will be randomized to one of 4 treatment groups: All will receive subcutaneous (under the skin) Epoetin alfa for a period of 16 weeks.

Group 1: 10,000 units every week Group 2: 20,000 units every two weeks Group 3: 30,000 units every three weeks Group 4: 40,000 units every four weeks

Overall Status Completed
Start Date January 2002
Completion Date January 2004
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
The primary efficacy variable is hemoglobin maintenance. Also, patients will be assessed for incidence and severity of adverse events and vital signs (blood pressure) during the 16 week study period.
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
The secondary variable is Quality of Life and Hemoglobin Change over Time
Enrollment 519
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Epoetin Alfa

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- CKD patients (defined as serum creatinine 1.5 to 6.0 mg/dL for women and 2.0 to 6.0 g/mg/dL for men)

- Stable Hb (>= 11.0g/dL) and currently receiving PROCRIT therapy for 2 months or more. A stable Hemoglobin will be defined as a value that is ± 10% for 3 consecutive laboratory values.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Lactating or pregnant women

- Uncontrolled hypertension

- Known hypersensitivity to mammalian cell-derived products and human albumin

- Receiving dialysis or scheduled to receive dialysis during the course of the study

- gastrointestinal bleeding

- Severe Congestive Heart Failure (New York Heart Association Class IV)

- Concurrent chemotherapy for cancer

- History of/or active blood disorders, liver diseases or seizures

- HIV positive

- Received a kidney transplant

Gender: All

Minimum age: 18 Years

Maximum age: N/A

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Ortho Biotech Products, L.P. Clinical Trial Study Director Ortho Biotech Products, L.P.
Verification Date

April 2010

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention model: Parallel Assignment

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov