Ideal Dose of Phenylephrine to Treat Low Blood Pressure During Cesarean Section

Phenylephrine Dose-Finding Study to Minimize Hypotension Due to Spinal Anesthesia for Cesarean Section

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital

Source Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the minimum effective bolus dose of phenylephrine to prevent post-spinal hypotension in Cesarean section in 95 % of our patients. An adequate response will be defined as the absence of hypotension or nausea/vomiting during the period from induction of spinal anesthesia to uterine incision prior to fetal delivery.

Detailed Description

The purpose of this study is to determine the minimum effective bolus dose of phenylephrine to prevent post-spinal hypotension in CS in 95 % of our patients. The study will be conducted in a randomized double-blinded fashion. This dose-response study will be conducted as per the up-down sequential allocation method, modified by the Narayana rule, designed to cluster the results around the ED95.

Blood pressure will be monitored every minute from intrathecal injection to the delivery of the child. Phenylephrine will be administered every time the blood pressure is equal to or lower than the control value.Hypotension will be defined as a SBP less than 80 % of the baseline value, in which case the treatment will be a failure. Hypertension will be defined as a SBP more than 120 % of baseline value. If a patient presents hypertension for two consecutive measurements, the case will be considered a drop out.An adequate response will be defined as the absence of hypotension or nausea/vomiting during the period from induction of spinal anesthesia to uterine incision prior to fetal delivery.

The results of this study will define the minimum effective dose of phenylephrine to prevent post-spinal hypotension and nausea/vomiting secondary to hypotension in Cesarean section, thus optimizing the safety profile with respect to maternal and fetal side effects of this vasopressor.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date August 2006
Completion Date December 2006
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
The primary outcome will be the minimum dose of phenylephrine which effectively prevents both hypotension and nausea/vomiting between intrathecal injection of the local anesthetic and delivery of the fetus.
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Maternal Demographics: Maternal age-weight-height
Nausea and Vomiting
Time of intrathecal injection, skin incision, uterine incision, and delivery
Total dose of phenylephrine
Hypertension (> 120 % of baseline)
Bradycardia (< 50 bpm)
Upper sensory level of anesthesia by pinprick upon delivery
Umbilical artery and vein blood gases
Enrollment 50
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: phenylephrine

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Elective CS under spinal anesthesia

- Normal singleton pregnancy beyond 36 weeks gestation

- ASA physical status I/II

- Weight 50-100 kg, height 150-180 cm

- Age over 18 years

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patient refusal

- Allergy or hypersensitivity to phenylephrine

- Preexisting or pregnancy-induced hypertension

- Cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease

- Fetal abnormalities

- History of diabetes, excluding gestational diabetes

Gender: Female

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Jose CA Carvalho, MD PhD Principal Investigator Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto
Location
Facility: Mount Sinai Hospital
Location Countries

Canada

Verification Date

March 2007

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment

Primary Purpose: Prevention

Masking: Double

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov