Effects of Mometasone Furoate Dry Powder Inhaler, Fluticasone Propionate, and Montelukast on Bone Mineral Density in Asthmatics (Study P03418)

Comparative Study of the Effect of Two Doses of Mometasone Furoate Dry Powder Inhaler 200 mcg and 400 mcg QD PM, Fluticasone Propionate 250 mcg BID, and Montelukast 10 mg QD PM, on Bone Mineral Density in Adults With Asthma

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Source Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Brief Summary

This is a randomized, multi-center, parallel-group, active-controlled, double-blind study evaluating the effects of mometasone furoate (MF) dry powder inhaler (DPI) on bone mineral density (BMD) in subjects with asthma. The mean percent change in lumbar spine BMD from the averaged baseline value (the average of the two scan results prior to treatment) to the endpoint of treatment time point (the average of the last two valid post-baseline scan results during treatment) for the comparison of MF DPI 400 mcg daily in the evening versus montelukast (ML) 10 mg daily in the evening.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date September 2006
Completion Date October 2009
Primary Completion Date October 2009
Phase Phase 4
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Mean Percent Change in Lumbar Spine Bone Mineral Density (BMD) From the Averaged Baseline Value to the Endpoint of Treatment Time Point Baseline and up to ~ one year of treatment
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Mean Percent Change in the Left Total Femur From the Averaged Baseline Value to the Averaged Value at the Endpoint of Treatment Time Point Baseline and up to ~ one year of treatment
Mean Percent Change in the Femoral Neck BMD From the Averaged Baseline Value to the Averaged Value at the Endpoint of Treatment Time Point Baseline and up to ~ one year of treatment
Summary of Change From Baseline to Endpoint in FEV1 (Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second). Baseline and up to ~ one year of treatment
Enrollment 566
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: mometasone furoate dry powder inhaler

Description: 400 mcg MF DPI via a breath-actuated, dry-powder inhaler and a placebo tablet given by mouth once daily in the evening for 1 year.

Arm Group Label: Group 1

Other Name: Asmanex

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: mometasone furoate dry powder inhaler

Description: 200 mcg MF DPI via a breath-actuated, dry-powder inhaler and a placebo tablet given by mouth once daily in the evening for 1 year.

Arm Group Label: Group 2

Other Name: Asmanex

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: fluticasone propionate hydrofluoroalkane (HFA)

Description: 250 mcg FP HFA given twice a day via a metered-dose inhaler and a placebo tablet given once daily in the evening for 1 year

Arm Group Label: Group 3

Other Name: Flovent HFA

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: montelukast

Description: 10 mg given once daily in the evening by mouth for 1 year.

Arm Group Label: Group 4

Other Name: Singulair

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Informed consent, adhere to schedules.

- Inform usual treating medical doctor (MD) of study participation.

- Female 18 to 40, male 18 to 50, any race.

- >=3-month asthma history.

- Never treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) for asthma or not have taken ICS for ≥3 months prior to Screening.

- Prebronchodilator forced expiratory volume (liters) in 1 second (FEV1) >=60% & <=90% predicted at both Screening & Baseline, when all restricted medications withheld.

- Prior to randomization, demonstrate increase in absolute FEV1 of >=12%, with absolute volume increase of >=200 mL, after reversibility testing.

- Lab tests normal/acceptable to investigator/sponsor. Electrocardiogram (ECG) performed at screening or <30 days of screening normal/acceptable to investigator. Chest x-ray performed at screening or <12 months of screening normal/acceptable to investigator.

- 25-hydroxy vitamin D level >=15 ng/mL. If <15, re-tested after taking calcium plus vitamin D for 4 weeks.

- Free of significant disease (other than asthma) known to affect bone mineral metabolism including renal disease, unstable hyperthyroidism or other endocrinopathies, Paget's disease, osteoporosis, malabsorption, or others that could interfere with study evaluations (eg scoliosis, metal pins, calcification in spine/femur).

- Women of childbearing potential must use birth control. Includes: hormonal contraceptive, intra-uterine device (IUD); condom in combination with spermicide; monogamous relationship with male who had vasectomy or is using condom. Started method ≥3 months prior to Screening (exception condom), & agree to continue for duration. Women who are not currently sexually active must agree/consent to using double-barrier method if become active. Females must have negative serum pregnancy test at Screening.

- 2 valid scans, as confirmed by local dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) center, for lumbar spine, left total femur, & femoral neck prior to randomization. Valid scans will be 2 scans of same region, performed on same day, that agree within 5% & scans are technically satisfactory (eg correct scan mode, no artifacts present, correct region).

Exclusion Criteria:

- >12 inhalations/day of salbutamol on 2 consecutive days between Screening & Baseline.

- Increase/decrease in FEV1 of >=20% between Screening & Baseline.

- Treated with methotrexate, cyclosporin, gold, or other cytotoxic agents, for asthma or concurrent condition within last 3 months.

- Pipe/cigar smoking history.

- Smoker/ex-smoker who smoked within previous year or has smoking history ≥10 pack-years.

- Upper/lower respiratory tract infection within 2 weeks prior to Screening & Baseline. Can be rescheduled.

- >14 days of oral steroids within previous 12 months or required burst of systemic steroids within previous month.

- Ever required ventilator support for respiratory failure secondary to asthma.

- Treated in emergency room (ER) for asthma exacerbation or admitted to hospital for management of airway obstruction on 1 occasion in last 3 months or on >=2 occasions within last 6 months.

- Chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, emphysema or cystic fibrosis.

- Participated in study within last 30 days.

- Allergic to/intolerant of ICS, beta-agonists, or drugs/excipients in study.

- Average of 2 lumbar spine (L1-L4) scans at Screening is >2 standard deviations below normal.

- Condition that might affect ability to ambulate normally, (ie major surgical procedure). Condition that may interfere with BMD measurement.

- History of renal, hepatic, cardiovascular, metabolic, neurologic, hematologic, respiratory, gastrointestinal, cerebrovascular, or other which could interfere with study or require treatment which might interfere (eg calcium urolithiasis or absorptive hypercalcuria, insulin dependent diabetes, cancer within last 10 years (except basal cell carcinoma), active hepatitis, coronary artery disease, stroke, rheumatoid arthritis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis. Others which are well-controlled & stable (eg hypertension, arrhythmia, subjects on stable thyroid hormone replacement for at least 3 months whose thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels are normal) may be allowed.

- Treated within last year with drug known to interfere with bone metabolism including: bisphosphonates, estrogens such as depot injectables (estrogens used in oral combined hormonal contraceptives are allowed if dose is stable throughout), high-dose fluoride, & thyroid replacement hormones (if not stabilized).

- History &/or presence of intraocular pressure in either eye >=22 mm Hg, glaucoma, &/or posterior subcapsular cataracts. History &/or presence of nuclear cataract or undergone bilateral lens extraction may be eligible.

- The subject has undergone incisional or intraocular surgery in which the natural lens is still present in the eye.

- The subject has a history of penetrating trauma to both eyes.

- The subject has one or more of the following lens opacities classification system version III (LOCS III) grades at screening: nuclear opalescence (NO) >=3.0, nuclear color (NC) >=3.0, cortical (C) >=2.0, posterior (P) >=0.5.

- Pregnant, breast-feeding, or postmenopausal women. Amenorrhea >6 months will be excluded (exception hysterectomy). Bilateral oophorectomy excluded.

- Relevant abnormal Baseline vital sign.

- Body mass index (BMI) >35 kg/m2.

- HIV positive (testing not performed).

- Alcoholic or illicit drug abuser.

- Evidence of oropharyngeal candidiasis at Baseline with or without treatment. If evidence at Screening, may be treated as appropriate & visit can be scheduled upon resolution. If evidence at Baseline Visit, may be treated as appropriate & visit can be rescheduled upon resolution.

- Normal sleep/wake cycle is inverted (eg night shift workers).

- Taken restricted medications prior to Screening.

- Cannot adhere to prohibited & permitted concomitant medications.

- No subject may participate in this same study at another site or simultaneously in any other study.

- No person directly associated with administration of study may participate.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 50 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Verification Date

March 2017

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 4
Arm Group

Label: Group 1

Type: Experimental

Description: MF DPI 400 mcg once a day (QD) in the evening (PM)

Label: Group 2

Type: Experimental

Description: MF DPI 200 mcg QD PM

Label: Group 3

Type: Active Comparator

Description: Fluticasone propionate (FP) metered dose inhaler (MDI) 250 mcg twice a day (BID)

Label: Group 4

Type: Active Comparator

Description: ML 10 mg QD PM

Patient Data Yes
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov