Timing of Orthopaedic Surgery in the Multiply-injured Patient: Development of a Protocol for Early Appropriate Care

Timing of Orthopaedic Surgery in the Multiply-injured Patient: Development of a Protocol for Early Appropriate Care

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: MetroHealth Medical Center

Source MetroHealth Medical Center
Brief Summary

Early fixation of unstable fractures of the femur, pelvis, and acetabulum reduces some complication rates. However, in patients with multiple injuries, the optimal treatment of skeletal trauma may be affected by severe injury to the head, chest, or abdomen. The relationship between associated injury severity and the timing of definitive management of unstable fractures is not well-understood. The practice of "early total care," early definitive fracture management, has been criticized by some, who have suggested that additional hemorrhage with surgery may be associated with a deleterious systemic inflammatory response. The alternative extreme of "damage control orthopedics (DCO)" has been recently proposed as a means of providing provisional stability of major skeletal injury, generally through external fixation. It is speculated that DCO will diminish the potential for systemic compromise. However, the need for further (definitive) surgery on a delayed basis, and the potential additional complications and costs associated with this strategy are controversial. The investigators' goals are to define which injuries or parameters warrant delay of definitive orthopaedic care, and to determine what time interval for fracture fixation promotes optimal patient outcome. The investigators will assess the effects of fracture fixation on head injury, chest injury, abdominal injury, mortality, complications, patient outcomes, and costs.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date September 2010
Completion Date January 2031
Primary Completion Date October 2017
Study Type Observational
Enrollment 360
Condition
Eligibility

Sampling method: Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- All patients at least 16 years of age treated at a major urban level 1 trauma center between the years 2000 and 2006, who had any of the following musculoskeletal injuries:

- unstable pelvic ring fracture

- unstable acetabulum fracture, or

- femur fracture

- Patients will be included regardless of race or gender. Isolated fractures will be included

Exclusion Criteria:

- Low-energy pelvis and hip fractures will be excluded

- Patients younger than 16 years of age will be excluded

Gender: All

Minimum age: 16 Years

Maximum age: N/A

Healthy volunteers: No

Location
facility
MetroHealth Medical Center
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

March 2017

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Principal Investigator

Investigator affiliation: MetroHealth Medical Center

Investigator full name: Heather A. Vallier

Investigator title: Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Study Design Info

Observational model: Other

Time perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov