Triglyceride-rich Lipoprotein and Development of Dementia

Triglyceride-rich Lipoprotein and the Development of Dementia

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: National Taiwan University Hospital

Source National Taiwan University Hospital
Brief Summary

Because of the rapid aging of the global population, dementia has become a serious problem, and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. AD is pathologically characterized by substantial neuronal loss and chronic inflammation that is associated with cerebrovascular and parenchymal accumulation of proteinaceous deposits enriched in amyloid-beta (Aβ). More recent evidence shows it is due to an increased blood-to-brain delivery of circulating Aβ, and significant peripheral Aβ metabolism occurs in association with post-prandial triglyceride-rich lipoproteins.

In the prodromal stage of AD, patients usually suffer mild cognition impairment (MCI). The annual conversion rate of MCI to AD is around 10%, and within 3 years, around 30%−50% of these develop dementia. Brain atrophy is an irreversible brain disease that causes problems with cognitive and memory functions in many diseases, such as MCI and AD, etc. In order to allow preventive intervention for AD, MCI must be diagnosed as early as possible, using biomarker assays or simple imaging modality. From 2009-2013, the investigators have registered 4,492 patients with atherosclerotic vascular diseases (AVD). In addition, the investigators have also registered 8,209 cases with no evidence of AVD, but with at least 1 cardiovascular risk factor. In this 5-year project, 300 male or female patients with stable symptomatic AVD over 20 years of age, and the other 600 patients with no evidence of AVD but with at least 1 CV risk factor, will be enrolled from our previous registry program. The baseline and yearly follow-up study will include clinical examination, neurocognitive function evaluation, and laboratory tests (TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG, hs-CRP, and Aβ-40, Aβ-42, tau protein, and other biological signatures: adiponectin, MMP-3, MMP-9, IL-6, Fibrinogen, Lp-PLA2, 8-Isoprostane, hFABP, sVCAM-1, sICAM-1, CA-125, MCP-1, TNF-α, cTnI, NT-proBNP, CNP, NGAL).

The purposes of this 5-year project are (1) to clarify the association of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein and the development of dementia; (2) to validate the diagnostic power and prognostic implication of ultra-low-concentration biomarkers (Aβ−40, Aβ−42 and tau) for dementia.

Detailed Description

Because of the rapid aging of the global population, dementia has become a serious problem, and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Population studies have shown that dietary fats influence risk and progression of age-related diseases including AD, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Consumption of saturated fat, trans-fatty acids and cholesterol are positively associated with increased risk. These findings support the hypothesis that dietary saturated-fats (SFA) and cholesterol, or dietary induced dyslipidemia are causally associated with AD risk. AD is pathologically characterized by substantial neuronal loss and chronic inflammation that is associated with cerebrovascular and parenchymal accumulation of proteinaceous deposits enriched in amyloid-beta (Aβ). More recent evidence shows it is due to an increased blood-to-brain delivery of circulating Aβ, and significant peripheral Aβ metabolism occurs in association with post-prandial triglyceride-rich lipoproteins.

In the prodromal stage of AD, patients usually suffer mild cognition impairment (MCI). The annual conversion rate of MCI to AD is around 10%, and within 3 years, around 30%−50% of these develop dementia. Brain atrophy is an irreversible brain disease that causes problems with cognitive and memory functions in many diseases, such as MCI and AD, etc. In order to allow preventive intervention for AD, MCI must be diagnosed as early as possible, using biomarker assays or simple imaging modality. From 2009-2013, the investigators have registered 4,492 patients with atherosclerotic vascular diseases (AVD). In addition, the investigators have also registered 8,209 cases with no evidence of AVD, but with at least 1 cardiovascular risk factor. In this 5-year project, 300 male or female patients with stable symptomatic AVD over 20 years of age, and the other 600 patients with no evidence of AVD but with at least 1 CV risk factor, will be enrolled from our previous registry program. The baseline and yearly follow-up study will include clinical examination, neurocognitive function evaluation, and laboratory tests (TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG, hs-CRP, and Aβ-40, Aβ-42, tau protein, and other biological signatures: adiponectin, MMP-3, MMP-9, IL-6, Fibrinogen, Lp-PLA2, 8-Isoprostane, hFABP, sVCAM-1, sICAM-1, CA-125, MCP-1, TNF-α, cTnI, NT-proBNP, CNP, NGAL).

Overall Status Unknown status
Start Date July 2014
Completion Date July 2017
Primary Completion Date July 2017
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Composite cardiovascular outcome up to 5 years
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
With at least 1 cardiovascular risk factor. up to 5 years
Enrollment 1000
Condition
Eligibility

Sampling Method: Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- age older than 20 years old

- willing to sign ICF

- report oneself disease

- have Taiwanese ID

- atherosclerotic vascular diseases, but with at least 1 CV risk factor [DM, dyslipidemia or under lipid lowering therapy, hypertension, smoking, old (M>45, F>55 years), family history of premature CAD, obesity

Exclusion Criteria:

- not willing to sign ICF

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 65 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Chau C Wu, M.D., Ph.D. Principal Investigator National Taiwan University Hospital
Overall Contact

Last Name: Chau C Wu, M.D., Ph.D.

Phone: 886-2-23123456

Phone Ext.: 88560

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Status: Contact: Investigator: NTUH Chau C Wu 886-2-23123456 88560 [email protected] Wan T Ke Sub-Investigator
Location Countries

Taiwan

Verification Date

January 2017

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Patient Data Yes
Study Design Info

Observational Model: Case-Only

Time Perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov