Lateral Flow Assays for Pathogens of the Plague

Point of Care Diagnostic to Identify the Causative Agent of the Plague

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Brimrose Technology Corporation

Collaborator: Northern Arizona University
New Horizons Diagnostics Corporation
Institut Pasteur de Madagascar
Naval Health Research Center

Source Brimrose Technology Corporation
Brief Summary

Plague is a deadly but highly treatable disease caused by the bacterium Y. pestis. Due to the historical development of Y. pestis as a bioweapon by several nation states, it is listed by the US as a potential bioweapon that could be used against US warfighters. Although this bacterium is ecologically established worldwide, it mostly affects impoverished people who live in rural low-resource areas of Madagascar. Plague is acquired directly from bites of infected fleas but, if left untreated, it can progress to the highly lethal pneumonic form that can result in human to human transmission. With the dangers of pneumonic plague in the context of both natural outbreak and as a bioweapon used against warfighter, the goal of this study is to investigate a diagnostic test that is able to rapidly and locally diagnose this disease in low-resource settings. This study aims to evaluate a US-developed new LFI assay intended for capillary blood (finger-prick) to diagnose humans infected with Y. pestis. The investigators will rigorously validate with assay on human populations from active plague sites and correlate the results with the results of paired clinical samples used in standard medical workup using existing diagnostics tests.

Detailed Description

The purpose of this study will be to generate the data required to thoroughly validate the ability of plague LFI assay to accurately diagnose human infections with Y. pestis. These validation data will eventually be presented to US Food and Drug Administration (FDA; along with data from other studies that NAU will not participate) to seek approval for commercial license. The objective will be to validate this assay on the capillary blood of humans suspected to have plague as well as a study cohort likely to not have plague. From the suspected poplation; the specific aims of this study are to enroll up to 300 participants who present clinical signs of illness based on specific inclusion criteria. We will collect two types of blood samples from enrolled participants 1) capillary blood from a finger prick and 2) venous blood. The capillary blood will be used for direct testing on the LFI assay and the venous blood will be used to perform independent validations. This study is designed as a correlation study to understand 1) how LFI assay results compare with results from traditional diagnostic methods based on DNA detection methods and bacterial culture isolate on bubo aspirate or sputum and 2) effectiveness of capillary blood to serve as a diagnostic clinical sample as compared with traditional biological samples (venous blood, bubo and sputum). The study is designed to evaluate the outcome of LFI and how LFI results correlate with the standard plague diagnostics methods used in Madagascar and other methods. We are not examining the relationship between the results of the LFI and health outcomes of the participants. Decision of participant's medical treatment is solely based on the clinical judgment of the physician and guidelines set forth by Madagascar National Plague Control Program (PNLP); no formal test is involved with medical decision. All participants who are tested by LFI will have received medical treatment prior to the start of the study and the continuation of their medical treatment is guided by PNLP and physician judgment only. Again, we are not looking at the relationship between the results of the LFI and health outcomes of the participants. From the non-suspect cohort, greater detail will be provided as obtained. In brief, this subject population will consist of active duty US Naval personnel and DoD beneficiaries presenting to participating study sites in the United States with influenza-like symptoms (fever, cough, sore throat). Since the US is non-endemic for plague, all participants will be presumed to be negative for Y. pestis.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date October 19, 2020
Completion Date November 2022
Primary Completion Date July 2022
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
LFI results on finger-prick blood correlate with the results of standard WHO-approved diagnostic tests for plague At least 3 weeks post sample collection and processing.
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
LFI results on finger-prick blood correlate with LFI results from bubo aspirate or sputum clinical matrices. At least 3 weeks post sample collection and processing.
Enrollment 500
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Diagnostic Test

Intervention Name: Lateral Flow Assay for Pathogens of the Plague

Description: A dipstick type of rapid test for antigens of the plague bacterium Yersinia pestis in samples from enrolled participants from both a known geography of plague activity (Madagascar) as well as samples from a geographically separated population of likely plague free status (US Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA).

Eligibility

Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion criteria - Malagasy Participants 1. Adults 18 to 75 years old (male and female): Able to receive and give verbal communication. 2. Children 5 to 17 years old (vulnerable population): Parents or legal guardian must be available to give permission. Parents or legal guardian to consent for children (5-6 years). 3. Suspected human plague case by local medical professional. Include at least one of the following: For bubonic plague: high fever, chills, and/or presence of painful bubo; For pneumonic plague: high fever, chills, cough for less than 5 days, bloody sputum, and/or chest pains; patients may be recruited from both plague surveillance program and non-plague surveillance programs. Exclusion criteria - Malagasy Participants 1. Children under the age of 5 years old 2. Children between the age of 5 years to 17 years without a parent or legal guardian 3. Not compliant with the study procedure (blood sampling) Inclusion criteria - USN Health Center Participants 1. Active duty personnel and DoD beneficiaries that present to participating study sites with influenza-like-illness (fever, cough, sore throat). 2. Age range >=13 to 75 y.o. 3. Able to receive/give consent (or assent if <18 y.o.) 4, Presenting with influenza-like-illness (fever of 100.5 F or higher, cough and/or sore throat) 5. USN Special Categories: Minors/children (45CFR Subpt. D/DoDI 3216.02, Encl 3, Para 7d); Students; Active duty military personnel (3216.02, Encl.3 Para. 7.e); Economically disadvantaged persons (32CFR 219.11(b); Educationally disadvantaged persons (32CFR 219.11(b). Exclusion criteria - USN Health Center Participants 1. <13 y.o. 2. Unable to give written consent (if under 18)

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 5 Years

Maximum Age: 75 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Overall Contact

Last Name: David P Trudil

Phone: 410-499-7062

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Status: Contact: Contact Backup: Institut Pasteur de Madagascar Voahangy Andrianaivoarimanana, Ph.D. 00261340654145 [email protected]
Location Countries

Madagascar

Verification Date

October 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Label: Malagasy Participants

Description: Malagasy Participants. Subjects will be recruited at rural health centers throughout Madagascar. Participants will be comprised of rural people with symptoms consistent with plague. The Madagascar Ministry of Public Health requires declaration of all suspected human plague cases and collection of biological samples (sputum and/or bubo aspirates) from these cases for medical workup for confirmation.

Label: USN Health Research Center

Description: USN Health Center Participants. The subject population will consist of active duty US Naval personnel and DoD beneficiaries presenting to participating study sites in the United States with influenza-like symptoms (fever, cough, sore throat). Since the US is non-endemic for plague, all participants will be presumed to be negative for Y. pestis.

Acronym SMARTPRT
Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Observational Model: Cohort

Time Perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov