Insulin and Sarcopenia in the Elderly

Insulin and Sarcopenia in the Elderly

Patrocinadores

Patrocinador principal: The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston

Colaborador: National Institute on Aging (NIA)

Fuente The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston
Resumen breve

Muscle loss with aging is a significant contributor to disability in older people. Our general hypothesis is that loss of muscle with aging, known as sarcopenia, may be due to inability of muscle to grow in response to insulin. Our goal is to determine the mechanisms underlying this age-related insulin resistance of muscle proteins, which will allow us to define in the future specific interventions to target this defect and provide the scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia.

Descripción detallada

Our general hypothesis is that a reduced response of muscle protein anabolism to insulin plays an important role in the loss of muscle mass with aging. Our goal is to determine the mechanisms underlying the age-related insulin resistance of muscle proteins, which will allow us to define specific interventions to target this defect and provide the scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia.

Our previous studies indicate that the response of muscle proteins to the anabolic action of insulin is impaired in healthy older adults as compared to younger controls, which hampers the anabolic effect of mixed feeding on muscle proteins. These changes are associated with an age-related reduction in the vasodilatory response to insulin, which, from our data, appears to be a potentially important mediator of the physiological anabolic effect of insulin on muscle proteins. Preliminary data from our laboratory also suggest that in older subjects a single bout of aerobic exercise may restore the normal response of blood flow, muscle protein synthesis and anabolism to insulin.

Therefore, we will test in healthy subjects the following specific hypotheses:

1. Insulin-induced increases in blood flow and muscle perfusion are necessary for the physiological stimulation of muscle protein synthesis and anabolism by insulin.

2. Aging reduces the vascular sensitivity to insulin, which prevents the physiological increase in blood flow and muscle perfusion in response to insulin, thereby decreasing the response of muscle protein synthesis and net balance to the anabolic action of insulin and mixed feeding.

3. Aerobic exercise can restore, in older subjects, the insulin-induced increase in blood flow and muscle perfusion to youthful levels, thus normalizing the anabolic effect of insulin and mixed feeding on muscle protein synthesis and net muscle protein balance.

We will use state-of the art stable isotope tracer techniques to measure muscle protein turnover, and a newly developed method to measure muscle perfusion in young and older subjects. The results of these studies will allow us to better define the physiological mechanisms of action of insulin on muscle protein anabolism, advance our knowledge on the pathophysiology of sarcopenia, and provide the scientific basis for the behavioral and/or pharmacological treatment of muscle loss with aging.

Estado general Completed
Fecha de inicio September 2005
Fecha de Terminación August 2012
Fecha de finalización primaria August 2012
Fase Phase 1
Tipo de estudio Interventional
Resultado primario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
muscle protein synthesis 5 and 8 hours
Resultado secundario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
blood flow 5 and 8 hours
Inscripción 88
Condición
Intervención

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: Insulin Regular

Descripción: insulin, 0.2 mU/kg/min for 3 hours

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: L-NMMA

Descripción: variable rate for 3 hours

Etiqueta de grupo de brazo: IMAY

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: Sodium Nitroprusside

Descripción: variable rate for 3 hours

Tipo de intervención: Other

Nombre de intervención: mixed meal

Descripción: mixed meal

Elegibilidad

Criterios:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Age 18-40 yrs, and 65-85 yrs.

2. Ability to sign consent form (score >23 on the 30-item Mini Mental State Examination, MMSE)

3. Stable body weight for at least 3 months

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Physical dependence or frailty (impairment in any of the Activities of Daily Living (ADL), history of falls (>2/year) or significant weight loss in the past year)

2. Exercise training (>2 weekly sessions of moderate to high intensity aerobic or resistance exercise)

3. Pregnancy or nursing women.

4. Significant heart, liver, kidney, blood or respiratory disease

5. Peripheral vascular disease

6. Diabetes mellitus or other untreated endocrine disease

7. Active cancer

8. Recent (within 6 months) treatment with anabolic steroids, or corticosteroids.

9. Alcohol or drug abuse

10. Severe depression (>5 on the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale, GDS)

11. Potential subjects who have recently donated blood in the past 60 days will be excluded from participating in the study.

Género: All

Edad mínima: 18 Years

Edad máxima: 85 Years

Voluntarios Saludables: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Oficial general
Apellido Papel Afiliación
Elena Volpi, MD, PhD Principal Investigator The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston
Ubicación
Instalaciones: Sealy Center on Aging, University of Texas Medical Branch
Ubicacion Paises

United States

Fecha de verificación

January 2015

Fiesta responsable

Tipo: Sponsor

Palabras clave
Tiene acceso ampliado No
Condición Examinar
Número de brazos 11
Grupo de brazo

Etiqueta: CMAY

Tipo: Active Comparator

Descripción: Insulin in young

Etiqueta: IMAY

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: L-NMMA + insulin in young

Etiqueta: SNPY

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: SNP in young

Etiqueta: CSNP

Tipo: Active Comparator

Descripción: Insulin in elderly

Etiqueta: ISNP

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: SNP in elderly

Etiqueta: SNPE

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: SNP in elderly

Etiqueta: CMealO

Tipo: Active Comparator

Descripción: Meal in elderly

Etiqueta: SMealO

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: SNP+meal in elderly

Etiqueta: MealY

Tipo: Active Comparator

Descripción: meal in young

Etiqueta: ExIns

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: insulin+exercise in elderly

Etiqueta: ExMeal

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: meal+exercise in elderly

Datos del paciente No
Información de diseño del estudio

Asignación: Randomized

Modelo de intervención: Parallel Assignment

Propósito primario: Basic Science

Enmascaramiento: None (Open Label)

Fuente: ClinicalTrials.gov