Simplified Cardiovascular Management Study: A Cluster-Randomized Trial to Evaluate the Effects of a Simplified Cardiovascular Management Program in Tibet, China and Haryana, India

Simplified Cardiovascular Management Study


Lead sponsor: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Source National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Brief Summary

The goal of this study is to develop, pilot test, and evaluate a highly simplified but guideline-based program for cardiovascular management for application in resource-scarce settings. The study aims to assess the effects of implementing a simple low-cost cardiovascular management program for high-risk individuals, delivered by primary care providers (PCPs) or community health workers (CHWs), on the proportion of patients appropriately treated with diuretics as well as a number of secondary outcomes in resource-scarce Tibet, China and Haryana India.

Detailed Description

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity, mortality, and disability in not only developed, but also developing countries. There are well-established interventions such as lifestyle modification and drug therapies, i.e., aspirin and low-dose diuretics, that along with their consistent use, can help alleviate these burdens if the practicalities of how to deliver such care to large numbers in resource-poor settings at low cost can be resolved. One particular cost-effective approach for secondary prevention of CVD is to identify and manage individuals at high CVD risk in order to prevent or delay events. This approach has been tested in the rural Andhra Pradesh Cardiovascular Prevention Study in India and is currently being implemented in rural areas of northern China in the China Rural Health Initiative funded by NHLBI.

This project aims to address the highly prevalent problem of CVD in even more remote and poor areas of China and India that have received only minimal attention so far, specifically Tibet, China and Haryana, India. This pilot project will be a cluster-randomized controlled interventional trial that will include a total of 15 villages in 6 townships in Gongbujiangda County and 12 villages in 6 townships in Linzhou County in Tibet, China and 12 villages in the state of Haryana in India. The study will last for one year. The villages will be randomized to receive either the intervention package or usual care. At baseline, village-wide screenings will be done to identify high-risk individuals in the selected villages who will then be followed throughout the study to about one year.

The interventional model will make use of a highly simplified cardiovascular disease management plan targeting lifestyle modification and utilization of basic drug regimens to help overcome the barriers in prevention and management of CVD in these areas with extremely limited economic and natural resources, minimal public awareness to the problem, and a lack of trained healthcare professionals.

Electronic blood pressure monitors will be used in all villages to measure the blood pressures of these individuals. However accuracy of the electronic blood pressure monitor measurements needs to be considered due to Tibet's high altitude. A study to validate and calibrate the selected blood pressure monitor model in both plains and high altitude areas will thus be undertaken using the validation procedure published by the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) to ensure accuracy.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date January 2012
Completion Date September 2015
Primary Completion Date March 2014
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Net Difference in Proportion Treated with Low-dose Diuretics baseline and at one year
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Net Difference from Baseline in Mean Blood Pressure baseline and at one year
Enrollment 2086

Intervention type: Other

Intervention name: Simplified cardiovascular disease management

Description: This study is a complex pragmatic trial.The intervention includes a "package" of 4 main established measures for cardiovascular prevention and management: 2 therapeutic lifestyle recommendations- smoking cessation (if applicable) and reduced salt consumption 2 drug therapies (if applicable)- hydrochlorothiazide, 25mg tab, 1/2 tab daily (12.5mg/day) and aspirin, 25mg tab, 3 tabs daily (75mg/day)

Arm group label: Intervention



Inclusion Criteria:

Age is equal or older than 40 years old AND the subject has a self-reported history of ANY of the following diseases:


- Diabetes OR

- Stroke (including both Ischemic Stroke and Haemorrhagic Stroke) OR

- Measured systolic blood pressure is equal or greater than 160mmHg at two different time points in the same day during the baseline survey.

Gender: All

Minimum age: 40 Years

Maximum age: N/A

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Lijing Yan, PhD Principal Investigator The George Institute, China (Beijing, CN)
Linzhou | Lhasa, Tibet, China
Gongbujiangda | Linzhi, Tibet, China
Faridabad | Haryana, India
Location Countries



Verification Date

August 2014

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Arm group label: Control (Usual Care)

Arm group type: No Intervention

Description: Control

Arm group label: Intervention

Arm group type: Experimental

Description: Use of a simplified guideline-based CVD prevention and management scheme by village doctors targeting high risk individuals focusing on a"2+2"model: 2 therapeutic lifestyle recommendations (smoking cessation and salt consumption reduction) plus prescription of 2 low-cost drugs (aspirin and low-dose diuretics) when applicable

Acronym SimCard
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention model: Parallel Assignment

Primary purpose: Prevention

Masking: None (Open Label)