Dementia Phenotypes in Primary Care, Hospital, and National Mortality Registries

Dementia Phenotypes in Primary Care, Hospital, and National Mortality Registries: a Cohort Study in Linked Electronic Health Records

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: University College, London

Collaborator: University of Edinburgh
University of Leeds
Medical Research Council

Source University College, London
Brief Summary

Most patients with dementia in the UK use their local hospitals and general (family) practices throughout their illness. Linked electronic health records from primary care, hospital and death certificates records therefore provide useful information about the diagnosis and prognosis of patients who develop dementia.

In this study we will assess the validity of dementia diagnoses in linked primary care, hospital and death records, by examining the timing of important health transitions in patients with recorded dementia, and we will estimate the lifetime risk of recorded dementia in different age and sex groups

Detailed Description

Dementia is a clinical syndrome with insidious onset that is difficult to diagnose in its earliest stages. Presentation to healthcare depends not only upon the rates of disease progression, but also on social support, recognition by clinicians, and patients' and carers' fear of diagnosis. Maintaining complete follow up in cohorts of patient with dementia is difficult, because patients with dementia are frequently lost to follow up.

Most patients with dementia in the UK use their local hospitals and general (family) practices throughout their illness. Linked electronic health records from primary care, hospital and death certificates records should therefore provide useful information about the diagnosis and prognosis of patients who develop dementia with minimal loss to follow-up rates and improved completeness of diagnosis.

Demonstrating that patients with recorded dementia have an earlier onset of typical symptoms, functional impairment and death than patients in the general population would support the veracity of diagnosed dementia recorded in electronic health records and its use as an outcome or exposure in cohort studies and for evaluating policy. Previous studies have found that dementia is poorly recorded in routine clinical practice in comparison to face-to-face studies, although this varies by setting and region. However, ascertainment may be improved by examining linked, longitudinal resources. Comparing the lifetime risk of dementia calculated from linked electronic health records with lifetime risks from other sources will also be a useful information to support the use of linked electronic health records in dementia research.

Electronic health records contain information on important health transitions in patients with dementia: from the earliest stage of the illness (depression, anxiety, memory complaints); the development of cognitive impairment that manifest as loss of capacity or missed appointments; and significant functional impairment, with admission to nursing homes or hospital admission. In this study, we will assess the validity of dementia diagnoses in linked primary care, hospital and death records, by examining the timing of important health transitions in patients with recorded dementia, and estimate the lifetime risk of recorded dementia in different age and sex groups.

Overall Status Unknown status
Start Date September 2015
Completion Date December 2015
Primary Completion Date October 2015
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Proportion of patients with dementia diagnosis (any type) in primary care that also are recorded in secondary care 10 years
Factors associated with dementia diagnosis (any type) recording in mortality data only 10 years
Symptoms associated with subsequent diagnosis of dementia 10 years
Lifetime risk of dementia (any type) 10 years
Lifetime risk of mortality associated with dementia (any time) 10 years
Factors associated with dementia diagnosis (any type) recording in secondary care only 10 years
Factors associated with dementia diagnosis (any type) recording in primary care only 10 years
Proportion of patients with dementia diagnosis (any type) in primary care that also are recorded in mortality data 10 years
Proportion of patients with dementia diagnosis (any type) in secondary care that also are recorded in mortality data 10 years
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Proportion of patients with Alzheimer's disease in primary care that are also diagnosed in secondary care 10 years
Proportion of patients with vascular dementia in primary care that are also diagnosed in secondary care 10 years
Lifetime risk of Alzheimer's disease 10 years
Lifetime risk of vascular dementia 10 years
Lifetime risk of mortality associated with Alzheimer's disease 10 years
Proportion of patients with Alzheimer's disease in primary care that are also diagnosed in mortality data 10 years
Proportion of patients with Alzheimer's disease in secondary care that are also recorded in mortality data 10 years
Proportion of patients with vascular dementia in primary care that are also recorded in secondary care 10 years
Proportion of patients with vascular dementia in secondary care that are also recorded in mortality data 10 years
Enrollment 51000
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: This is not an intervention study

Description: This study is based on the retrospective analysis of linked electronic health records.

Eligibility

Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients aged 18 years and over

- Registered with a participating general practice during the study period

- Minimum one year of records prior to study entry meeting CPRD data quality criteria

- Followed on or after 1 January 1997

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients without recorded gender

- Less than 1 year of follow-up between study entry and date of administrative censoring

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Location
Facility: London Farr Institute of Health Informatics
Location Countries

United Kingdom

Verification Date

September 2015

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: University College, London

Investigator Full Name: Harry Hemingway

Investigator Title: Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Label: Dementia

Description: Patients with a recorded diagnosis of dementia in primary or secondary care

Label: Non-dementia

Description: Patients without a recorded diagnosis of dementia in primary or secondary care

Study Design Info

Observational Model: Cohort

Time Perspective: Retrospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov