A Test of Behavioral Intervention for Women at High Risk for HIV Infection

Feasibility Study of a Behavioral Intervention for Women at Persistent High Risk for HIV Infection

Patrocinadores

Patrocinador principal: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Fuente National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Resumen breve

The purpose of this study is to find out if it is possible to conduct a group counseling program for women at risk for HIV infection.

Women have been the fastest-growing group with new AIDS diagnoses. The need for ways to reduce HIV infection in women is urgent. It is important to reduce the risk of HIV infection through sexual contact, but it is also important to address drug use. Group counseling may be an effective method.

Descripción detallada

Women have constituted the fastest-growing group of persons with new AIDS diagnoses for several years. The need to develop and evaluate interventions to reduce the incidence of HIV infection among women is urgent. The behavioral intervention method tested in this study integrates elements from diverse theories and empirical evidence for women to feel empowered to use methods of protection against disease. Although the overall objective of the study intervention is to reduce the risk of HIV infection through sexual contact, the intervention must also address drug usage among women.

Women are randomized in a 1 to 1 ratio to either the intervention or control condition. The Intervention Group participates in 4 group sessions over the course of 1 month and then in an additional reunion session approximately 1 month after the 4th group session. Sessions are 2.5 hours long and include 6 to 10 participants. The sessions involve talking about HIV, ways to avoid HIV, and ways women can support each other. All participants complete a short-term assessment visit 1 week after the 4th group intervention session. The Control Group does not participate in group sessions. All participants are paid for their time and effort.

Estado general Completed
Fecha de inicio March 2000
Fecha de Terminación May 2008
Fecha de finalización primaria May 2008
Tipo de estudio Observational
Inscripción 180
Condición
Elegibilidad

Criterios:

Inclusion Criteria

Women may be eligible for this study if they:

- Are at least 18 years old.

- Took part in the VPS2 study and completed 12 months of follow-up, or each participant must meet at least 1 of the following conditions: 1) has sex with an HIV-infected male; 2) has sex with a male who has injected drugs in the last 5 years; 3) has had sex with 5 or more male partners in the last year; 4) exchanged sex for money or drugs in the last year; 5) was diagnosed with syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, first episode herpes, pelvic inflammatory disease, and/or trichomonas in the last year; or 6) used crack cocaine in the last year.

- Can speak English.

- Can give information for the purpose of locating.

- Have had at least 30 percent of vaginal or anal intercourse unprotected by condoms in the 6 months before the study.

- Are HIV-negative.

Exclusion Criteria

Women will not be eligible for this study if they:

- Have had sex with only 1 man for 2 years or more who is HIV-negative and does not inject drugs. The man should not have had sex with anyone else during this time.

- Have a mental condition that would interfere with the study.

- Have any other condition that would interfere with the study.

Género: Female

Edad mínima: 18 Years

Edad máxima: N/A

Voluntarios Saludables: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Oficial general
Apellido Papel
Erica Gollub Study Chair
Ubicación
Instalaciones: Anne Colletti
Ubicacion Paises

United States

Fecha de verificación

October 2012

Fiesta responsable

Tipo: Sponsor

Palabras clave
Tiene acceso ampliado No
Condición Examinar
Fuente: ClinicalTrials.gov