A Phase I Study of Oral Topotecan as a Radiosensitizing Agent in Patients With Rectal Carcinoma

A Phase I Study of Oral Topotecan as a Radiosensitizing Agent in Patients With Rectal Carcinoma

Ver estudio completo en Inglés
Patrocinadores

Patrocinador principal: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute

Colaborador: GlaxoSmithKline

Fuente H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Resumen breve

This is an open-label, single center, phase I study designed to determine the MTD or oral topotecan as a radiosensitizing agent in the treatment of rectal cancer patients. Sequential cohorts of three patients will be given increasing doses of oral topotecan and fixed doses of concurrent radiation (45GY) over five weeks.

Descripción detallada

This is an open-label, single center, phase I study designed to determine the MTD or oral topotecan as a radiosensitizing agent in the treatment of rectal cancer patients. Sequential cohorts of three patients will be given increasing doses of oral topotecan and fixed doses of concurrent radiation (45GY) over five weeks. The starting dose of oral topotecan is 0.25mg/m2 to be concomitantly administered with radiation (45Gy) x 5 days every week unless the radiation is interrupted for Holidays/Weekends or toxicity requiring treatment delays occurs.

A total of 25 doses is planned. Doses will be escalated in 0.15 mg/m2 increments thereafter in subsequent cohorts. Topotecan will be administered immediately before daily radiation.

All patients will undergo a rectal biopsy before treatment begins and during treatment. Tissue will be submitted to H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center for tumor marker assays. Tissue from the excised tumor at the time of surgery will also be sent for the same studies. Between day 10 and 14 of treatment, colonoscopy/sigmoidoscopy is mandatory to ensure having a quantitative estimate of the tumor shrinkage and to obtain a repeat rectal biopsy. All patients will undergo radiation therapy concurrently with oral topotecan. Patients will receive 180 cGY per fraction to a total dose of 4500cGy(conventional fractionation) to the pelvis using a 3 or 4 filed technique and high energy photons. Standardized fields for rectal cancer will be used to include the true pelvis (mid sacrum to at least 2-3 centimeters below the inferior aspect of the tumor volume).

Patients will undergo surgery-either a low anterior resection, abdominoperineal resection or local excision. All patients will be offered postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy consisting of 5-Fluorouracil (F-FU) 350 mg/m2/day i.v. for 5 days administered every 28 days times four cycles. Immediately prior to the administration of 5-FU, leucovorin will be administered at a dose of 20 mg/m2/day i.v. push daily for 5 days every 28 days times four cycles.

Estado general Completed
Fecha de inicio November 2001
Fecha de Terminación January 2008
Fecha de finalización primaria January 2008
Fase Phase 1
Tipo de estudio Interventional
Resultado primario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Topotecan up to 5 weeks
Side Effect Profile of Topotecan Up to 5 weeks
Resultado secundario
Medida Periodo de tiempo
Response Rate Up to 12 weeks
Inscripción 31
Condición
  • Rectal Neoplasms
Intervención

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: topotecan

Descripción: Preoperative treatment: oral topotecan 5 days per week for up to 5 weeks

Etiqueta de grupo de brazo: Dose Escalation and Radiation, Followed by Surgery

Tipo de intervención: Procedure

Nombre de intervención: radiation

Descripción: Preoperative radiation

Etiqueta de grupo de brazo: Dose Escalation and Radiation, Followed by Surgery

Tipo de intervención: Procedure

Nombre de intervención: surgery

Descripción: surgery to remove tumor 4 to 8 weeks following completion of preoperative treatment

Etiqueta de grupo de brazo: Dose Escalation and Radiation, Followed by Surgery

Elegibilidad

Criterios:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with histologically confirmed rectal cancer.

- Written Informed Consent

- Patients should be a candidate for preoperative radiotherapy

- A primary tumor of 3cm or greater with a clinical stage of T2, T3 or T4 and any N according to the Astler-Coller modification of the Dukes staging system

- Patient must be 18 years of age or older

- Must have an ECOG performance status of 2 or Less

- Diagnosis of rectal cancer should be no more than 90 days from initial clinic visit or from the start of therapy

- Patients must be seen and evaluated at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center

- Patients must be recovered from prior surgery

- Patients must have a life expectancy of 3 months or greater

- Laboratory criteria: WBC of 3,500/mm3 or greater; Neutrophils of 1,500mm3 or greater; Platelet count of 100,000/mm3 or greater; Serum creatinine of 1.5 mg/dl or lesser; or creatinine clearance of greater than 60ml/min; SGOT/AST & SGPT/ALT & alkaline phosphatase of 2 times or lesser than the upper limit or normal if liver metastases are present; Serum bilirubin of 1.5mg/dl or lesser.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with their primary tumor totally excised at time of diagnosis

- Patients with recurrent rectal cancer that failed initial treatment

- Patients previously treated with topotecan

- Patients with active infection

- Any known primary or secondary immunodeficiencies

- Any condition of the GI tract which would affect GI absorption or motility (e.g., autonomic neuropathy, active gastric or duodenal ulcers or certain gastrointestinal surgeries). Patients receiving medication to maintain motility or gastric emptying are also excluded.

- Patients with uncontrolled emesis, regardless of etiology.

- Concomitant malignancies or previous malignancies within the last five years, with the exception of adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in situ of the cervix or a low grade prostate cancer.

- Concurrent severe medical problems unrelated to the malignancy which would significantly limit full compliance with the study or expose the patient to significant risk.

- Patients of child bearing potential, not practicing adequate contraception (barrier method or IUD for three months before the start of the study an agree to continue for at least 4 weeks after the end of the study)

- Patients who are pregnant or lactating

- Use of an investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) preceding the first dose of study medication.

Género: All

Edad mínima: 18 Years

Edad máxima: N/A

Voluntarios Saludables: No

Oficial general
Apellido Papel Afiliación
William Dinwoodie, MD Principal Investigator H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Ubicación
Instalaciones: H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute
Ubicacion Paises

United States

Fecha de verificación

January 2009

Fiesta responsable

Tipo: Sponsor

Palabras clave
Tiene acceso ampliado No
Condición Examinar
Número de brazos 1
Grupo de brazo

Etiqueta: Dose Escalation and Radiation, Followed by Surgery

Tipo: Experimental

Descripción: Preoperative treatment with radiation and oral topotecan for up to 5 weeks, followed by surgery.

Información de diseño del estudio

Asignación: N/A

Modelo de intervención: Single Group Assignment

Propósito primario: Treatment

Enmascaramiento: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov