Evaluation, Treatment, and Natural History of Children and Young Adults With Cancer or Rare Diseases

Treatment of Children With Cancer

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Source National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Brief Summary

This protocol is designed to evaluate children with cancer who appear to be probable candidates for future protocol entry or have disease manifestations that are of unique scientific importance or educational value.

Detailed Description

Background:

Children and adults are referred to the Pediatric Oncology Branch (POB) for possible enrollment in clinical protocols for the treatment of cancer or other rare diseases. While some children are not eligible for a specific protocol, they may present with disease manifestations that offer the potential for important new insights into the pathogenesis or clinical behavior of their underlying disease. In addition, children who have completed participation in a clinical protocol but do not currently have therapeutic protocol alternatives may continue to provide POB with important information. Diseases of interest to the POB include, but are not limited to lymphoma, brain tumors, Ewing's sarcoma, leukemia, neuroectodermal tumors, osteosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, RAS-related syndromes and inherited immune disorders, amongst others. Hence, serial clinical evaluation of such patients, including the performance of clinical, laboratory, and diagnostic studies to help elucidate longitudinally the underlying disease mechanisms, and when clinically indicated standard care therapies, will assist POB meet its overall mission.

Objectives:

To be able to follow and evaluate children and adults with cancer or pre-cancer syndromes and other rare diseases referred to the Pediatric Oncology Branch who present with disease manifestations that lend themselves to clinical evaluation and are of unique scientific importance.

Eligibility:

Patients who are evaluated by the Pediatric Oncology Branch and are:

- Children and adults with cancer (or a pre-cancer syndrome or rare disease), with disease manifestations of special interest to Pediatric Oncology Branch investigators.

- Patients must be greater than or equal to 2 years and less than or equal to 40 years of age at the time of study enrollment.

Design:

The medical procedures or tests will be selected for each patient on the basis of his/her individual diagnosis (or presumed diagnosis). When clinically indicated, standard therapy will be administered and patients will be followed according to standard medical practice. Specimens may be collected for clinical care purposes only to evaluate the patient s status. No investigational tests, drugs or therapies will be administered in this protocol.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date March 19, 1998
Completion Date September 2, 2020
Primary Completion Date September 2, 2020
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Evaluate children and adults with cancer End of treatment
Enrollment 482
Condition
Eligibility

Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

- INCLUSION CRITERIA:

- A POB, CCR investigator decides that it is in the best interest of the patient and the POB, CCR for the patient to receive treatment and follow-up at the NCI/NIH.

- Children and adults with cancer (or a pre-cancer syndrome or a rare disease), between the age (s) of 2 years - 40 years (the NIH CC is not well equipped to provide optimal care to patients < 2 years of age). Note: Patients greater than or equal to 18 and less than or equal to 40 years may be evaluated on this protocol if their cancer (or precancer syndrome or rare disease) is of specific interest to the POB, CCR, NCI.

- Patients with cancer (or a pre-cancer syndrome or rare disease), who present with disease manifestations of special interest to Pediatric Oncology Branch investigators, including but not limited to, lymphoma, brain tumors, Ewing's sarcoma, leukemia, neuroectodermal tumors, osteosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma,RAS-related syndromes and inherited immune disorders, amongst others.

- Patient must weigh greater than or equal to 12 kg (the NIH CC is not well equipped to provide optimal care to patients < 12 kg)

- The patient, parent, guardian or their Legally Authorized Representative (LAR) is able and willing to provide informed consent.

- Patients, and when indicated, parent, guardian or LAR who are deemed sufficiently reliable to return for recommended follow-up visits.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

- Patients younger than 2 years of age.

- Patients weighing less than or equal to 12 kg.

- Pregnant women are excluded from enrollment onto this study because the invasive procedures and/or sedation needed to perform these may cause unnecessary harm to the unborn fetus. In the event a woman becomes pregnant while on study, she will not be removed from the study; however, no invasive clinical or research procedures will be done or cancer treatment provided during pregnancy that include unacceptable risk to the patient and/or to the unborn fetus.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 2 Years

Maximum Age: 40 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Brigitte C Widemann, M.D. Principal Investigator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Location
Facility: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

September 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Label: Cohort A

Description: Children and adults with cancer (or a pre-cancer syndrome or rare disease), between the age(s) of 2 years - 40 years, who present with disease manifestations of special interest to POB investigators.

Study Design Info

Observational Model: Cohort

Time Perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov