Vitamin Therapy for Prevention of Stroke

Vitamin Intervention for Stroke Prevention


Patrocinador principal: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

Fuente National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Resumen breve

A stroke occurs when part of the brain is damaged from lack of normal blood supply. This may result in difficulty with feeling, speech, muscle strength or coordination, movement, thinking, or other brain functions. Having a stroke increases the risk of another stroke occurring in the future. Higher blood levels of a natural chemical known as homocysteine may contribute to hardening of the arteries in the brain or heart and increase the risk of stroke or heart attack. Folic acid, vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), and vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) may lower blood levels of homocysteine and reduce the risk of having another stroke or a heart attack.

Descripción detallada

The incidence of a second stroke in patients who have had a first stroke is between 7 and 10 percent per year. Myocardial infarction (heart attack) as a complication of stroke adds to stroke death and disability. Because homocysteine may be a major contributor to stroke, its reduction by appropriate intervention with vitamin supplements could reduce the impact of recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction, and vascular death. The purpose of this trial is to determine whether a multivitamin containing high-dose folic acid, pyridoxine, and cyanocobalamin, in addition to best medical/surgical management and risk factor modification, reduces the recurrence of stroke or occurrence of myocardial infarction in stroke patients with elevated homocysteine levels.

Estado general Completed
Fecha de inicio September 1996
Fecha de Terminación February 2004
Fase Phase 3
Tipo de estudio Interventional

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: pyridoxine

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: cyanocobalamin

Tipo de intervención: Drug

Nombre de intervención: folic acid multivitamin



Inclusion Criteria:

- Any stroke (non-disabling cerebral infarction, NDCI) < 120 days prior to randomization

- Symptoms lasting > 24 hrs, or if < 24 hrs, CT or MRI shows new infarction at expected site

- Modified Rankin score < 3

- Homocysteine level > the 25th percentile, ie, 9.5 mol/L for men, and 8.5 mol/L for women

- Patient compliance with multivitamin during run-in phase > 75%

Exclusion Criteria:

- Stroke due to: intracranial hemorrhage, dissection of a cervico-cephalic artery, veno-occlusive disease, drug abuse, vasculitis

- CT or MRI shows lesion other than infarction as cause of syndrome

- Modified Rankin score of 4 or 5 at eligibility

- Presence of potential sources of cardiogenic emboli: atrial fibrillation, prosthetic cardiac valve, intracardiac thrombus or neoplasm, valvular vegetation

- Neurologic illness other than stroke that would prevent proper evaluation of recurrent stroke

- Illness that limits life expectancy to < 2 years

- Severe congestive heart failure

- Renal insufficiency requiring dialysis

- Untreated B12 deficiency or untreated pernicious anemia

- Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic >185 mm/Hg or diastolic >105 mm/Hg on two readings separated by 5 min.) at eligibility

- Conditions preventing reliable participation in study: refractory depression, severe cognitive impairment, alcoholism, other substance abuse

- Medications given within last 30 days that affect homocysteine: methotrexate, tamoxifen, L-dopa, phenytoin, or bile acid sequestrants that can decrease folate levels

- Women of childbearing potential

- Patients receiving active intervention in another trial

- Patients on multi-vitamins, single B6, or folic acid, unless willing to discontinue and take study supplement

- Any surgical procedure, invasive cardiac instrumentation, endarterectomy, stent placement, thrombectomy or other endovascular treatment of abnormal carotid artery performed within 30 days prior to randomization or scheduled within 30 days after randomization

Género: All

Edad mínima: 35 Years

Edad máxima: N/A

Voluntarios Saludables: No

Oficial general
Apellido Papel Afiliación
James F. Toole, M.D. Principal Investigator Wake Forest University
Instalaciones: Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Ubicacion Paises

United States

Fecha de verificación

April 2004

Palabras clave
Tiene acceso ampliado No
Condición Examinar
Información de diseño del estudio

Asignación: Randomized

Propósito primario: Prevention

Enmascaramiento: Double