Erasmus Medical Center is starting a new clinical trial of Balloon vs. Self Expanding Transcatheter Valve for Degenerated Bioprosthesis.

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) serves a growing spectrum of patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS). Approximately 80% of surgical aortic valve replacements is performed using a bioprosthesis1. Durability of surgical bioprostheses varies based on the patient's age at the moment of implantation, type and size etc2. TAVI has become the preferred treatment for degenerated aortic bioprostheses in elderly patients3. The median time since index surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and for bioprosthetic valve degeneration is typically 8 - 10 years4-6. TAVI in this setting has proven to have equally favorable results as in native aortic valves7. Balloon expandable8 and self-expanding9 transcatheter heart valves (THV) can be used in a degenerated bioprosthesis and each have specific assets and limitations. TAVI in a failed bioprosthesis can cause coronary obstruction, THV migration, paravalvular leakage and prosthesis patient mismatch. The SAPIEN-3 / Ultra and EVOLUT R/Pro are the 2 most commonly used THV platforms in contemporary clinical practice including treatment of failing surgical aortic bioprostheses.


Objective: To compare TAVI with EVOLUT R/Pro vs. SAPIEN-3 / Ultra in terms of device success. Study design: International multi-center randomized study with 1:1 randomization to TAVI with SAPIEN-3 / Ultra or Evolut R/Pro. Study population: 440 patients with a failing surgical aortic bioprosthesis (aortic stenosis with or without aortic regurgitation) and selected for transfemoral TAVI by heart-team consensus. Investigational intervention: Transfemoral TAVI with SAPIEN-3 / Ultra or Evolut R/PRO Main study parameters/endpoints: 1. Primary endpoint is device success at 30 days Defined by - Absence of procedural mortality AND - Correct positioning of a single prosthetic heart valve into the proper anatomical location AND - Intended performance of the prosthetic heart valve (no severe prosthesis- patient mismatch and mean aortic valve gradient < 20 mmHg or peak velocity < 3 m/s, AND no moderate or severe prosthetic valve regurgitation). Severe prosthesis patient mismatch is defined by effective orifice area (EOAi) ≤0.65 cm2/m2 2. Safety endpoint at 1 year defined by the composite of all-cause death, disabling stroke, rehospitalization for heart failure or valve related problems.

The clinical trial starts in May 2021 and will continue throughout May 2023.

Device success will be primary outcome measure. Device success, definition modified from VARC-2 criteria: Absence of procedural mortality AND Correct positioning of a single prosthetic heart valve into the proper anatomical location AND Intended performance of the prosthetic heart valve (no severe prosthesis- patient mismatch and mean aortic valve gradient < 20 mmHg or peak velocity < 3 m/s, AND no moderate or severe prosthetic valve regurgitation). Severe prosthesis patient mismatch is defined by effective orifice area (EOAi) ≤0.65 cm2/m2.

The inclusion parameter is Age ≥ 65 years - Failing surgical aortic bioprosthesis requiring valve replacement and eligible for transfemoral TAVI with balloon expandable or self-expanding platform per heart team consensus based on multi-modality imaging assessment (including echocardiography and multidetector CT). - Written informed consent 

The excluding conditions are:

-Not eligible for Transfemoral TAVI with SAPIEN-3 / Ultra and Evolut R/Pro - Multi-valve defects requiring intervention - Clinically unstable and/or inotropic/vasopressor /mechanical support. - Known mural thrombus in the left ventricle - Presence of a mechanical aortic valve - History of recent (within 1 month) stroke or TIA.

The contacts and locations are the Cedars Sinai, Los Angeles, California, United States; Vienna General Hospital, Vienna, Austria; St Paul's and Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, Canada; Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark; Institut Cœur Poumon, Lille, France; University Hospital Mainz, Mainz, Germany; University Hospital of Padova, Padua, Italy; Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental, Lisbon, Portugal; Inselspital, University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland; Leeds Teaching Hospitals, Leeds, United Kingdom. For more details: https://ichgcp.net/clinical-trials-registry/NCT04843072

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