COPD: Transition of Systemic Inflammation Into Multiorgan Pathology (Study 3). (De Effecten Van Ontsteking op Skeletspieren Bij COPD)

Multiorgan Pathology in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Top Institute Pharma

Collaborator: University Medical Center Groningen
Maastricht University Medical Center
UMC Utrecht
Danone Institute International
GlaxoSmithKline
Nycomed
AstraZeneca

Source Top Institute Pharma
Brief Summary

There is increasing evidence in the literature that COPD should not be considered as a localised pulmonary disorder but as a systemic disease involving pathology in several extra pulmonary tissues. Well characterized systemic features are a chronic low grade systemic inflammation, altered body composition and a skeletal muscle fibre type shift. There are indications that an absolute or relative increase of fat mass puts COPD patients at increased risk for cardiovascular pathology while muscle atrophy is associated with a high prevalence of osteoporosis and with impaired physical function. The origin of systemic inflammation is poorly understood. Both endogenous and exogenous risk factors contribute to systemic inflammation and extra-pulmonary manifestations of COPD.

Overall objective of study 3:

To compare the pattern and severity of the systemic inflammatory profile in relation to skeletal muscle weakness and cardiovascular risk profile in COPD patients with mild to moderate disease compared to non-susceptible smokers.

Specific objectives:

1. To study the relative contribution of pulmonary and extra pulmonary factors on exercise capacity, skeletal muscle function and health status

2. To relate diet, physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors to body composition, skeletal muscle function and exercise capacity status

3. To study the influence of the emphysema phenotype on extra pulmonary pathology in COPD

4. To study muscle fibre type size and composition and to relate muscle oxidative phenotype with insulin sensitivity, inflammation (local and systemic) and molecular signatures of oxidative energy and protein metabolism.

Study design:

Cross-sectional study. Healthy smoking subjects and COPD patients will undergo extensive clinical, metabolic and inflammatory assessment at the university clinics in Groningen, Maastricht and CIRO Horn.

Study population:

Totally 60 subjects will be included

- 30 healthy subjects who after 20 pack years smoking have no signs of COPD (age 40-75 years)

- 30 COPD patients with GOLD stage II (age 40-75 years)

Detailed Description

Primary study parameters/outcome of the study:

1. Smoking history and behaviour, diet and physical activity level assessed by questionnaire

2. Extensive lung function and CT scanning of the lung, ECG

3. Candidate genes for muscle dysfunction and CVD risk

4. Body composition (BIA, waist-hip ratio, DEXA-scan)

5. Systemic inflammation

6. Advanced Glycosylated Endproduct (AGE)

7. Glucose tolerance test

8. Risk factors of metabolic syndrome

9. 6 minute walking distance

10. Handgrip strength

11. Skeletal muscle function by isokinetic dynamometry

12. Physical activity level and pattern by accelerometry

13. Muscle oxidative phenotype, fibre cross-sectional area and molecular signatures obtained in vastus lateralis muscle biopsies before and after incremental cycle ergometry

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness (if applicable):

- Totally 22 hours will be spend in the hospital during 3 visits

- CT-scanning of the lung is associated with a radiation burden of 0.8-1.6 mSv (dependent of body weight)

- 50 ml peripheral blood (v. cubiti)

- Muscle biopsy may be associated with temporary pain and haematoma

- Drawing of arterial blood from the radial artery rarely leads to bleeding and transitory nerve damage (numb feeling in wrist/hand area).

Overall Status Unknown status
Start Date September 2010
Completion Date April 2015
Primary Completion Date April 2015
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Smoking history and behaviour, diet and physical activity level assessed by questionnaire
Extensive lung function and CT scanning of the lung, ECG
Candidate genes for muscle dysfunction and CVD risk
Body composition
Systemic inflammation
Advanced Glycosylated Endproduct (AGE)
Glucose Tolerance Test
Risk factors of metabolic syndrome
6 minutes walking distance
Handgrip strength
Skeletal muscle function by isokinetic dynamometry
Physical activity level and pattern by accelerometry
Muscle oxidative phenotype, fibre cross-sectional area and molecular signatures obtained in vastus lateralis muscle biopsies before and after incremental cycle ergometry
Enrollment 60
Condition
Eligibility

Sampling method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Age 40-75 years

- Age, pack years, FEV1/FVC and FEV1% predicted must fit in one of 2 groups of table 4.3

- Physically and mentally able to undergo the total study protocol

- Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Participation in another study

- Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency

- Selected grade 1-3 co-morbidity listed in the ACE-27

- Active pulmonary infection like tuberculosis, pneumonia, flue, tracheobronchitis

- Active extra-pulmonary infection like hepatitis A-C, cystitis, gastroenteritis etc.

- Pulmonary diseases like sarcoidosis, IPF, silicosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, asthma

- Life threatening diseases like carcinoma, AIDS (including HIV+), acute leukemia etc.

- Medication that may affect the results of the study: NSAID's, immunosuppressive agents like prednisolon, methotrexate, azathioprine, sintrom tablets, askal

- Antibiotic or prednisolon use in the past 2 months

Gender: All

Minimum age: 40 Years

Maximum age: 75 Years

Healthy volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Emiel Wouters, Prof. dr. MD Principal Investigator Maastricht University Medical Center, Dept. of Respiratory Medicine
Overall Contact

Last name: AMWJ Schols, Prof. dr. ir.

Phone: +31 43 387 5046

Email: [email protected]

Location
facility contact investigator Maastricht University Medical Center, Dept. of Respiratory Medicine Annemie Schols, Prof. dr. ir. +31 43 387 50 46 [email protected] Emiel Wouters, Prof. dr. MD Principal Investigator
Location Countries

Netherlands

Verification Date

September 2010

Responsible Party

Name title: Schols, Prof. dr. ir. AMWJ.

Organization: Maastricht University Medical Center, Dept. of Respiratory Medicine

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Arm group label: 1

Description: • 30 healthy subjects with 20 pack years smoking who have no signs of COPD (age 40-75 years)

Arm group label: 2

Description: • 30 COPD patients with GOLD stage II (age 40-75 years)

Study Design Info

Observational model: Case Control

Time perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov