Evaluation of an Intervention for Improving Community-based Pediatric Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Care

Evaluation of an Intervention for Improving Community-based Pediatric ADHD Care

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati

Collaborator: Nationwide Children's Hospital
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Source Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Brief Summary

ADHD is the most prevalent mental health disorder of childhood. The majority of children with ADHD receive their care in primary care settings. While the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued evidence-based guidelines and recommendations for pediatricians, most pediatricians have difficulty adhering to these guidelines. Given observed deficiencies in evidence-based ADHD care and the likely effects on child outcomes, the development and testing of interventions aimed at improving ADHD care in primary care settings is necessary. Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center has developed a model intervention, termed the ADHD Collaborative, to comprehensively address this issue. The ADHD Collaborative intervention model includes academic detailing, quality improvement methods, and innovative tools (e.g., web portal) designed to promote and support the systematic use of the AAP guidelines. This intervention model has been used to train over 200 physicians at 55 practices in the Greater Cincinnati area. The intervention appears to produce 2- to 4-fold increases in the use of evidence-based ADHD-related practice behaviors in participating physicians. To date, the intervention has been implemented as a quality improvement project with few experimental controls. The primary goal of the proposed study is to conduct an experimentally-controlled cluster randomized trial of the ADHD Collaborative intervention. Thirty-two pediatric practices will be randomly assigned to receive the ADHD Collaborative intervention or to provide usual care. Approximately 96 physicians and 576 of their ADHD patients will be included in the study. Chart reviews, parental interviews, and parent and teacher rating scales will be collected. Between- and within-group hierarchical linear modeling analyses will examine whether the intervention produces significant improvements in pediatrician practice behaviors, patient satisfaction with ADHD care, and child outcomes over and above typical ADHD care. Also, the relative cost effectiveness of the ADHD Collaborative intervention over typical care will be established by computing incremental cost-effectiveness ratios using cost and effect size estimates.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date May 2010
Completion Date June 2016
Primary Completion Date May 2015
Phase Phase 4
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Parent-rated ADHD Symptoms 12 months
Teacher-rated ADHD Symptoms 12 months
Enrollment 577
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: ADHD Collaborative

Description: The ADHD Collaborative intervention model includes academic detailing, quality improvement methods, and innovative tools (e.g., web portal) designed to promote and support the systematic use of the AAP guidelines.

Arm Group Label: ADHD Collaborative Intervention

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Practice must have a minimum of two pediatricians who agree to participate. - Practice must have an electronic billing system. - Practice must have internet access at office. - Practice must not have an on-site mental health professional. - Practice must have a member of practice staff willing to be trained in human subjects certification and willing to consent families. - Children must be in Grade 1-5. - Children must be newly diagnosed with ADHD. Exclusion Criteria: -

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 6 Years

Maximum Age: 11 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Location
Facility: Nationwide Childrens Hospital
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

September 2016

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati

Investigator Full Name: Jeff Epstein

Investigator Title: Principal Investigator

Has Expanded Access No
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: ADHD Collaborative Intervention

Type: Experimental

Description: The ADHD Collaborative intervention model includes academic detailing, quality improvement methods, and innovative tools (e.g., web portal) designed to promote and support the systematic use of the American Academy of Pediatrics consensus recommendation for evidence-based ADHD care.

Label: Typical ADHD care

Type: No Intervention

Description: Physicians in this group will provide typical ADHD care.

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Health Services Research

Masking: Single (Care Provider)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov