A Multisite Trial of Pediatric Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy

Children With Hemiparesis Arm and Hand Movement Project (CHAMP Study)

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Collaborator: Ohio State University
University of Virginia

Source Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Brief Summary

What is the CHAMP Study?

The CHAMP Study is a multisite clinical trial funded by the National Institutes of Health that is comparing the efficacy of alternative therapies for young children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (or hemiparetic cerebral palsy). Children who meet study eligibility criteria at one of the three clinical sites (Roanoke, VA; Charlottesville, VA, and Columbus, OH) will be invited to enroll, and their parents will be provided all necessary paperwork along with informed consent documentation. Assignment to one of the alternative therapy conditions will be random. Participation in the study includes assessment of each child prior to treatment, close monitoring of the child's progress during treatment, and post-treatment evaluation at the end of therapy, as well as, 6 and 12 months later. Parents will have an active role in the project, both observing their child during therapy sessions and then engaging in home-based activities that allow the child to practice and extend new motor skills. There will be no charge for the therapy provided.

What are the therapies being tested? In the past decade or so, a new form of therapy for children with hemiparetic cerebral palsy was developed and has shown to produce positive changes in individual children and in small clinical trials (e.g., DeLuca, Echols, Ramey, & Taub, 2003; DeLuca, Echols, Law, & Ramey, 2006; Case-Smith, DeLuca, Stevenson, & Ramey, 2012). The therapy is named Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) and refers to a multi-component form of therapy in which the child has the unimpaired or less impaired upper extremity constrained (by a cast or a splint) while also receiving active therapy from a specially trained therapist who shapes new skills and functional activities with the child's more impaired upper extremity. Traditionally, CIMT therapy dosages have been high - often lasting many hours per day, 5 days a week, for 4 consecutive weeks. There are important clinical and scientific questions that need to be answered about the effects of different dosage levels and about different types of constraint on the child's more functional (less impaired) arm and hand. This study will be the first that will directly compare different amounts of therapy and different types of constraint to evaluate what "works best" for young children. The therapy is very play-like and engaging for children, and no negative effects of casting or the high dosages have been detected in previous clinical trials.

Who is eligible: Children between 2 and 8 years of age with a diagnosis of unilateral spastic cerebral palsy or hemiparetic cerebral palsy. Children must be relatively healthy, not currently receiving Botox (or other similar medications), and able to understand simple communication and instructions. In advance, the treatment will be explained in detail to parents and a written protocol available to share with the child's physician and other current therapist for review. During the one month of treatment, children will not receive other forms of physical or occupational therapy.

Overall Status Active, not recruiting
Start Date July 2013
Completion Date December 2019
Primary Completion Date December 2018
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Functional measurements of change across time in the child's abilities with their arms and hands will be measured using the Assisting Hand Assessment, the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, and the Pediatric Evaluation and Disability Inventory. Pretreatment; Post-Treatment, 6 and 12 months Follow up
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Modified version of Quality of Upper Extremity Skills Test (QUEST) Pre treatment; Post-Treatment (end of 4 weeks of treatment), 6 and 12 months Follow up
Enrollment 135
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Behavioral

Intervention name: Variations in Pediatric Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (P-CIMT) versus usual and customary rehabilitation

Description: Types of constraint and dosage amounts will be varied.

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. are 2 years - 8 years old

2. do not have any serious complicating conditions or acute medical concerns

3. are diagnosed with cerebral palsy with hemiparesis (prior to age 2)

4. have not had botox injections in the last 6 months and

5. have not received Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy in the last 6 months

6. have a clinical MRI that can be provided in digital format for research project

Exclusion Criteria:

-

Gender: All

Minimum age: 2 Years

Maximum age: 9 Years

Healthy volunteers: No

Location
facility
Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

July 2019

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Principal Investigator

Investigator affiliation: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Investigator full name: Stephanie DeLuca

Investigator title: Assistant Professor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 5
Arm Group

Arm group label: Group with continuous constraint and daily therapy

Arm group type: Experimental

Arm group label: Group with continuous constrainit and 3 days a week therapy

Arm group type: Experimental

Arm group label: Group with part-time constraint and daily therapy

Arm group type: Experimental

Arm group label: Group with part-time constraint and 3 days a week therapy

Arm group type: Experimental

Arm group label: Usual and customary treatment group

Arm group type: Active Comparator

Acronym CHAMP
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention model: Factorial Assignment

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov