The Impact of Therapy Dogs on Anxiety and Emotional Management in the Pediatric Emergency Department

The Impact of Therapy Dogs on Anxiety and Emotional Management in the Pediatric Emergency Department

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: University of Louisville

Source University of Louisville
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of therapy dogs on children's anxiety and emotional management during a visit to the pediatric emergency department.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date 2021-05-25
Completion Date 2022-01-01
Primary Completion Date 2022-01-01
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change in observed anxiety score as measured by Child Emotional Manifestation Scale (CEMS) before and after therapy dog visit change from baseline at 20 minutes after intervention
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change in perceived anxiety level of patient by parent as measured by Subjective Units of Distress Scale (SUDs) before and after therapy Dog Visit change from baseline at 20 minutes after intervention
Overall Parent Satisfaction Immediately after completion of intervention
Enrollment 80
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Behavioral

Intervention Name: 10-minute visit with therapy dog and child life specialist handler

Description: A visit from a therapy dog and child life specialist will occur which will last for approximately 10 minutes. Parents and patients will be asked to sanitize their hand prior to the visit. The child life specialist will be instructed to have ad lib conversation with the family. The dog will remain on a leash during the visit. The patient will be free to pet the therapy dog if they wish.

Eligibility

Sampling Method:

Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Children with a SUD score of 30 or higher indicated by the caregiver Exclusion Criteria: - Active infection: abscesses, fever, respiratory issues, vomiting - Patients presenting for burn care, dog bite, ESI triage category 1 or 2, or transferred from outside facilities - Sterile procedures - Oncology patients / patients with known neutropenia in past medical history - Parent/caregiver or patient fear of dogs - Parent/caregiver or patient allergy to dogs - Dog bite injury - Already underwent procedure during their visit

Gender:

All

Minimum Age:

4 Years

Maximum Age:

12 Years

Healthy Volunteers:

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Michelle D Stevenson, MD, MS Principal Investigator University of Louisville
Overall Contact

Last Name: samantha lucrezia, MD

Phone: 5164173027

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Status: Contact: Investigator: Norton Children's Hospital Samantha Lucrezia, MD 516-417-3027 [email protected] Michelle D Stevenson, MD, MS Principal Investigator
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

2021-06-01

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: University of Louisville

Investigator Full Name: Michelle D. Stevenson

Investigator Title: Professor of Pediatrics Director of Research Development, Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville Norton Children's Medical Group, Affiliated with the U of L School of Medicine

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Label: Pediatric patients ages 4-7 years old in the Pediatric Emergency Department

Description: Patients will receive a 10-minute visit with therapy dog and child life handler

Label: Pediatric patients ages 8-12 years old in the Pediatric Emergency Department

Description: Patients will receive a 10-minute visit with therapy dog and child life handler

Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Observational Model: Cohort

Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

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