Effect of Increased Light Exposure on Fatigue in Breast Cancer

Effect of Increased Light Exposure on Fatigue in Breast Cancer

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: University of California, San Diego

Collaborator: California Breast Cancer Research Program

Source University of California, San Diego
Brief Summary

Patients treated with chemotherapy complain of poor sleep, fatigue and depression. In addition, chemotherapy disrupts the body's internal "biological clock", which may make sleep, fatigue and depression all worse. Women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy are not exposed to much bright light and this may also contribute to the disruption of their body clock, because bright light is necessary for a strong biological clock. One of the easiest ways to strengthen the biological clock is by increasing bright light exposure. The correct timing of the light exposure will help the women feel more alert during the day.

Detailed Description

Patients treated with chemotherapy complain of poor sleep, fatigue and depression. Our preliminary research suggests that these symptoms may all be related, that chemotherapy disrupts circadian rhythms which may exacerbate the poor sleep and fatigue and that during chemotherapy, women are not exposed to much bright light which likely also contributes to the disruption of rhythms. One of the easiest circadian rhythms to measure is sleep/wake activity and the easiest way to synchronize this rhythm is with bright light treatment. It is well established that bright light exposure will make rhythms more robust, and the correct timing of the light exposure will have an alerting effect.

We hypothesize that after bright light treatment compared to dim light treatment during three cycles of chemotherapy: fatigue (measured by the Multidimensional Fatigue Symptom Inventory), depression (measured by the Center of Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale), functional outcome scores (measured by the Functional Outcome of Sleep Questionnaire and by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast), and sleep measures (measured by actigraphy, e.g., total sleep time, total wake time, bouts of sleep, napping) will all be improved. We also hypothesize that circadian rhythms (measured by actigraphy) will be more robust and more synchronized.

The aims are to examine the effect of bright light treatment on subjective measures of fatigue, mood and functional outcome experienced during chemotherapy, to examine the effect of bright light treatment on the quality and quantity of sleep during chemotherapy, to examine the effect of bright light treatment on sleep/wake rhythms during chemotherapy. Women with breast cancer stages I-III scheduled to begin chemotherapy will be recruited. Wrist actigraphy data (for the measurement of sleep/wake activity) will be collected for three consecutive days and nights immediately preceding chemotherapy and questionnaire data (fatigue, mood, quality of life, functional outcome, sleep) will be collected during this same time period. Half the women will be randomized to receive bright light and the other half to dim red light as a control. Daily bright light or dim light treatment will be administered during cycles 2, 3 and 4 of chemotherapy and all measures (actigraphy and questionnaires) will be repeated during the first and last weeks of cycle 1 and cycle 4 chemotherapy. If bright light can improve sleep rhythms and fatigue, then the quality of life of these women is likely to improve.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date November 2005
Completion Date November 2009
Primary Completion Date November 2009
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Fatigue four cycles of chemotherapy
Enrollment 39
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Device

Intervention Name: bright white light

Description: Intervention: Bright white light administered for 30 minutes each morning

Arm Group Label: 1 Active Bright White Light Treatment

Intervention Type: Device

Intervention Name: comparator red light treatment

Description: dim red light administered for 30 minutes every morning

Arm Group Label: 2 Comparator Red Light Treatment

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- stage I-III breast cancer

- adjuvant or neoadjuvant anthracycline-based chemotherapy

Exclusion Criteria:

- under age 18

- pregnancy

- metastatic or inoperable (including inflammatory) breast cancer

- confounding underlying medical illnesses

- history of mania

- history of other axis-I psychiatric disorder

- other physical or psychological impairments -

Gender: Female

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Sonia Ancoli-Israel, PhD Principal Investigator University of California, San Diego
Location
Facility: Moores UCSD Cancer Center
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

January 2019

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: University of California, San Diego

Investigator Full Name: Sonia Ancoli-Israel

Investigator Title: Professor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: 1 Active Bright White Light Treatment

Type: Active Comparator

Description: Intervention: Bright white light, the intervention, was administered via a light box made by Litebook Inc for 30 minutes each morning during four cycles of chemotherapy

Label: 2 Comparator Red Light Treatment

Type: Active Comparator

Description: Intervention: Dim red light, the intervention, was administered via a light box made by Litebook Inc for 30 minutes each morning during four cycles of chemotherapy

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Masking: Single (Participant)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov