A Pharmacodynamic Study Comparing Prasugrel Versus Ticagrelor in Patients Undergoing PCI With CYP2C19 Loss-of-function:

A Pharmacodynamic Study Comparing Prasugrel Versus Ticagrelor in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing PCI With CYP2C19 Loss-of-function Genotypes: A Feasibility Study With Point-of-care Pharmacodynamic and Genetic Testing

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: University of Florida

Source University of Florida
Brief Summary

Numerous studies have shown that pharmacodynamics (PD) response profiles vary among clopidogrel treated patients and that individuals with reduced response have an increased risk of recurrent ischemic events. There are multiple factors contributing to clopidogrel response variability, including genetic variations of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 enzyme. In particular, loss-of-function (LOF) alleles of the CYP2C19 enzyme reduce transformation of clopidogrel pro-drug into its active metabolite. Thus, patients carrying LOF alleles have lower levels of clopidogrel's active metabolite as well as diminished platelet inhibition, which translates into an increased rate of adverse cardiovascular events, particularly in the setting of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Prasugrel and ticagrelor are novel generation P2Y12 receptor inhibitors characterized by greater PD potency and reduced ischemic event rates compared with clopidogrel, and are not affected by CYP2C19 LOF polymorphisms. However, to date there are limited head-to-head PD comparisons between these two new P2Y12 receptors blockers, and there are no studies assessing on how these agents behave among CYP2C19 LOF carriers. The aim of the present study is to compare the PD effects of prasugrel versus ticagrelor in patients undergoing PCI with CYP2C19 LOF alleles using the novel point-of-care genetic testing Spartan RX-CYP2C19 which permits accurate and rapid identification of CYP2C19 genetic status.

Detailed Description

Clopidogrel is the most broadly utilized platelet P2Y12 receptor inhibitor. However, numerous studies have shown that pharmacodynamics (PD) response profiles vary among clopidogrel treated patients and that individuals with reduced response have an increased risk of recurrent ischemic events. There are multiple factors contributing to clopidogrel response variability. Among these, genetic variations of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 enzyme, a key contributor to clopidogrel metabolism, have been involved. In particular, loss-of-function (LOF) alleles of the CYP2C19 enzyme reduce transformation of clopidogrel pro-drug into its active metabolite. Thus, patients carrying LOF alleles have lower levels of clopidogrel's active metabolite as well as diminished platelet inhibition, which translates into an increased rate of adverse cardiovascular events, particularly in the setting of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Because of these findings, drug regulating authorities have provided a boxed warning on the product label of clopidogrel on the potential for reduced efficacy of clopidogrel among CYP2C19 LOF carriers and suggested considering alternative antiplatelet therapies for these individuals. Prasugrel and ticagrelor are novel generation P2Y12 receptor inhibitors characterized by greater PD potency and reduced ischemic event rates compared with clopidogrel, and are not affected by CYP2C19 LOF polymorphisms. However, to date there are limited head-to-head PD comparisons between these two new P2Y12 receptors blockers, and there are no studies assessing on how these agents behave among CYP2C19 LOF carriers. Tailoring antiplatelet therapy according to results of genetic testing has been limited in real world clinical practice because of not having readily accessible results of individual's genetic makeup. The aim of the present study is to compare the PD effects of prasugrel versus ticagrelor in patients undergoing PCI with CYP2C19 LOF alleles using the novel point-of-care genetic testing Spartan RX-CYP2C19 which permits accurate and rapid identification of CYP2C19 genetic status.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date 2014-03-01
Completion Date 2019-04-22
Primary Completion Date 2019-04-22
Phase Phase 4
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Platelet Reactivity 24 hours post loading dose
Enrollment 65
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Prasugrel

Description: Comparison of platelet reactivity between prasugrel and ticagrelor

Arm Group Label: Ticagrelor

Other Name: Effient

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Ticagrelor

Description: Comparison of platelet reactivity between prasugrel and ticagrelor

Arm Group Label: Prasugrel

Other Name: Brilinta

Eligibility

Criteria:

- Inclusion criteria: 1. Patients scheduled for left heart catheterization and undergoing PCI 2. Age 18-75 years 3. On aspirin (81mg) or aspirin (81mg) and clopidogrel (75mg/day) 4. Presence of at least one 2C19 LOF allele - Exclusion criteria: 1. Known allergies to aspirin, prasugrel, ticagrelor, or clopidogrel 2. Age >75 years 3. Weight <60kg 4. Considered at high risk for bleeding 5. History of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke or transient ischemic attack 6. Known severe hepatic dysfunction 7. On treatment with oral anticoagulant therapy (Vitamin K antagonists, dabigatran, apixaban, rivaroxaban) 8. Use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (abciximab, eptifibatide, tirofiban) 9. Blood dyscrasia or bleeding diathesis 10. Platelet count <80x106/mL 11. Hemoglobin <10 g/dL. 12. Active bleeding or hemodynamic instability 13. Creatinine Clearance <30 mL/minute 14. Patients with sick sinus syndrome (SSS) or high degree AV block without pacemaker protection. 15. Current treatment with drugs interfering with CYP3A4 metabolism (to avoid interaction with Ticagrelor): Ketoconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, clarithromycin, nefazodone, ritonavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, indinavir, atazanavir, and telithromizycin. 16. Pregnant females* *Women of childbearing age must use reliable birth control (i.e. oral contraceptives) while participating in the study.

Gender:

All

Minimum Age:

18 Years

Maximum Age:

74 Years

Healthy Volunteers:

No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Dominick J Angiolillo, MD, PhD Principal Investigator University of Florida
Location
Facility: University of Florida
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

2020-08-01

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Ticagrelor

Type: Active Comparator

Description: The primary endpoint is the non-inferiority in platelet reactivity of prasugrel versus ticagrelor among CYP2C19 loss of function allele carriers.

Label: Prasugrel

Type: Experimental

Description: The primary endpoint is the non-inferiority in platelet reactivity of prasugrel versus ticagrelor among CYP2C19 loss of function allele carriers.

Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

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