Thromboelastometry (ROTEM) For Detecting Hypercoagulability in Morbidly Obese and Non Obese Parturients Following Cesarean Section Delivery: An Observational Study

Detecting Hypercoagulability in Morbidly Obese and Non Obese Parturients Following Cesarean Section Delivery

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Corniche Hospital

Source Corniche Hospital
Brief Summary

Investigators hypothesized that the impact of surgery in terms of inducing a hypercoagulable state is more evident in morbidly obese pregnant women as opposed to their non-obese counterparts. The aim of this study is to investigate the change in coagulation status of morbidly obese and non-obese pregnant women following cesarean section delivery using thromboelastometry. This observational study would also make it possible to calculate the sample size for a future prospective controlled clinical trial to compare the incidence of Hypercoagulability in morbidly obese parturients as opposed to their non-obese counterparts. To the best of our knowledge, no other work has been done any in this area.

Detailed Description

Following institutional ethical committee approval, 20 morbidly obese (BMI>40) and 20 non-obese (BMI < 30) parturients undergoing elective low segment cesarean section (LSCS) delivery under spinal subarachnoid block will be recruited into the study. A written informed consent will be obtained from all parturients prior to inclusion. All patients will receive an information sheet at the preoperative assessment visit to inform them about this study. Patients with a history of past or current thromboembolism will be excluded from the study as well as those with liver disease and those already on anticoagulant/anti-platelet therapy for repeated miscarriage or other indications. History of thromboembolism is defined as an arterial or deep venous thrombosis, catheter thrombosis, or pulmonary embolism diagnosed by ultrasound or spiral computed tomography (CT). Preoperative baseline full blood count and clotting profile will be done. Parturients with abnormal platelet count or coagulation results and those who will need conversion to general anesthesia will be excluded.

Data and sample collection Preoperative BMI, co-existing morbidities and laboratory test results including INR, PTT and platelet count as well as operative time and postoperative clinical or radiological evidence of thromboembolism will be recorded. A blood sample will be collected for ROTEM analysis prior to establishing the block (baseline), immediately after surgery and 8 hours later.

ROTEM analysis

Coagulability will be assessed using the ROTEM thromboelastometry analyzer (The ROTEM® delta, Tem Systems Inc.®, Munich, Germany). Extrinsic rotational thromboelastometry (EXTEM), intrinsic rotational thromboelastometry (INTEM) and FIBTEM will be measured for each blood sample. Clotting time (CT), clot formation time (CFT) and maximum clot firmness (MCF) will be recorded. Total clot strength will be assessed by "G" value as calculated according to the formula: (5000xMCF)/100-MCF and expressed as dynes/cm2 . G has been shown to be valuable in diagnosing hypo- and hypercoagulability . In non-obstetric cohorts, hypercoagulability was defined as a G value of ≥ 11.7 dynes/cm2 and hypocoagulability as a G value of <5.0 dynes/cm2 (values provided by manufacturer).

Overall Status Completed
Start Date November 15, 2016
Completion Date October 30, 2017
Primary Completion Date September 30, 2017
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Calculated clot strength using EXTEM Maximum Clot Firmness (G value for EXTEM) 8 hours
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
EXTEM clotting time and clot formation time in seconds. 8 hours
EXTEM maximum clot firmness in millimeters 8 hours
INTEM clotting time and clot formation time in seconds. 8 hours
INTEM maximum clot firmness in millimeters 8 hours
FIBTEM maximum clot firmness in millimeters 8 hours
Enrollment 40
Condition
Eligibility

Sampling method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- pregnant women at term presenting for cesarean section under spinal anaesthesia with BMI less than 30 and more than 40

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with BMI between 30 and 40 BMI

- Patients with a history of past or current thromboembolism.

- Patients with history of liver disease and those on anticoagulant/anti-platelet therapy

- Patients who requires perioperative blood transfusion

- Patients having General anaesthesia

Gender: Female

Minimum age: 18 Years

Maximum age: 45 Years

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Location
facility
Corniche Hospital
Location Countries

United Arab Emirates

Verification Date

November 2018

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Arm group label: morbidly obese pregnant

Description: Term pregnant women with BMI more than 40

Arm group label: non obese pregnant

Description: Term pregnant women with BMI less than 30

Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Observational model: Cohort

Time perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov