Dose EScalation Induction of EvERolimus

A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Phase II Study to Evaluate the Tolerability of an Induction Dose Escalation of Everolimus in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: German Breast Group

Collaborator: Novartis

Source German Breast Group
Brief Summary

The BOLERO-2 study demonstrated a benefit for patients who received everolimus in addition to exemestane in patients who progressed during/after a non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor;

Routine use of everolimus shows an high rate of intolerability due to mucositis/stomatitis especially during the first 12 weeks of treatment leading cause for treatment discontinuation not related to tumor progression;

GeparQuinto study (setting III: non-responders): everolimus was given as salvage treatment in combination with paclitaxel for patients without response to 4 cycles epirubicin/cyclophosphamide with/without bevacizumab.

A dose-escalation schema was successfully used to improve tolerability of everolimus together with the cytotoxic Agent.

Everolimus plus exemestane has improved the prognosis of metastatic breast cancer significantly. Desiree-study aims to improve the tolerability, which is necessary in order to achieve an adequate dose intensity for the patients in Routine care.

Detailed Description

The BOLERO-2 study demonstrated an enormous benefit for patients who received everolimus in addition to exemestane in patients who progressed during/after a non steroidal (NSAI), which led to approval of everolimus in this indication. However, experience from routine use report a high rate of intolerability of this innovative treatment approach especially during the first 12 weeks of treatment. Most common side effect is mucositis/Mucositis which is considered the leading cause for treatment discontinuation not related to tumor progression.

This outside clinical trial experience is contrary to findings from BOLERO-2, where the number of patients still taking full-dose (10mg) of everolimus at 4, 8, and 12 weeks is 77.8%, 75.6%, and 75.6%, respectively. These findings are in concordance with non-interventional studies. However, findings might be biased by positive pre-selection.

In the non-responder part (setting III) of the neoadjuvant GeparQuinto study, everolimus was given as salvage treatment in combination with paclitaxel for patients without response to 4 cycles epirubicin/cyclophosphamide +/- bevacizumab. A dose-escalation schema was successfully used to improve tolerability of everolimus together with the cytotoxic agent. In fact the addition of everolimus to paclitaxel led only to increases of grades 1-4 leukopenia, grades 1-2 thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, skin changes and hyperlipidemia. Grades 3-4 hematological and nonhematological toxic effects were infrequent with no differences between treatment arms.

Moreover, Ravaud et al performed a metaanalysis of clinical trials in order to evaluate the potential relationship between everolimus exposure, safety and efficacy. Previous studies have shown that maximum everolimus concentrations are reached 1-2 hours after administering 5-70 mg oral doses, maximum everolimus concentrations increase in a dose-proportional manner between 5 mg and 10 mg and that continuous 5-10 mg once-daily dosing enables steady state to be achieved within 1 week.

The metaanalysis shows that a two-fold increase in the minimum concentration of everolimus increased the probability of tumor size reduction (odds ratio 1.4), which was associated with a trend for reduced risk of PFS events (risk ratio [RR] 0.9), but with an increased risk of grade 3 pulmonary toxicity (RR1.93), Mucositis (RR 1.49), and metabolic toxicity (RR 1.3).

Taking together these results suggest a dose-dependent antitumor effect of everolimus that have to be balanced against the correlated increased toxicities. For this reason the optimal dose and schedule need to be explored within randomized prospective clinical trial, in order to increase compliance and tolerability, maximizing efficacy.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date May 2015
Completion Date March 2021
Primary Completion Date December 2020
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
cumulative rate Mucositis grade 2-4 (WHO's oral toxicity scale (OTS)) week1 to week 12
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
cumulative rate Mucositis grade 2-4 (WHO's oral toxicity scale (OTS)) week 1 to 24
cumulative rate Mucositis any grade (WHO's oral toxicity scale (OTS)) week 1 to 12 and week 1 to 24
Patients on conventional dose Everolimus 10mg week 12 and week 24
Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) week 24
Safety other than Mucositis week 1 to 24
Time to Mucositis grade 2-4 (WHO's oral toxicity scale (OTS)) week 1 to 24
Cumulative Dose week 4
RDI week 1 to 24
QoL FACTB week 4, week 12, End of Therapy Visit (week 25-28)
QoL QSDQ daily till week12
Enrollment 156
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: 3 weeks Dose Induction of Everolimus

Description: Comparing a conventional dosing approach starting with 10 mg at first dose versus a dose-escalating schema over 21 days in patients receiving everolimus in combination with exemestane for treatment of metastatic breast cancer. All patients will be treated within the approved indication of everolimus in combination with exemestane. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio

Arm Group Label: 3 week Dose Induction of Everolimus

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: 3 weeks Conventional Everolimus Dosing

Description: Comparing a conventional dosing approach starting with 10 mg at first dose versus a dose-escalating schema over 21 days in patients receiving everolimus in combination with exemestane for treatment of metastatic breast cancer. All patients will be treated within the approved indication of everolimus in combination with exemestane. Patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio

Arm Group Label: Conventional Everolimus dosing according to label

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Open Label Phase with conventional 10mg Everolimus Dosing week 4-24

Description: All patients will receive open label Everolimus with Exemestane for 21 weeks according to label

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Standard Care after 24 weeks

Description: It is up to the discretion of the investigator to continue with Everolimus+Exemestane beyond 24 weeks

Eligibility

Criteria:

Eligibiltiy according to Everolimus label (ie. postmenopausal women)

Inclusion Criteria (most important)

- Locally advanced or metastatic stage of disease not amenable to curative treatment by surgery or radiotherapy alone.

- No indication for chemotherapy (e.g. symptomatic visceral metastasis) -Histological confirmed hormone receptor-positive (HR+), HER2- negative carcinoma of the breast.

- Postmenopausal women

- Disease progression following prior therapy with non steroidal aromatase inhibitors (NSAI), defined as:

1. Recurrence while on, or following completion of an adjuvant treatment with Letrozole or Anastrozole, or

2. Progression while on or following completion of Letrozole or Anastrozole treatment for ABC/MBC. Note: Non-steroidal aromatase inhibitors (i.e. Letrozole or Anastrozole) do not have to be the last treatment prior to enrollment. Other prior anticancer therapy, e.g. Tamoxifen, Fulvestrant, Exemestane, is also allowed. Patients must have recovered to grade 1 or better from any adverse events (except alopecia) related to previous therapy prior to enrollment.

- At least 4 weeks since radiotherapy, with full recovery. The measurable disease must be completely outside the radiation field or there must be pathologic proof of newly progressive disease.

Exclusion Criteria (most important):

- Concurrent immunotherapy or hormonal therapy (contraceptive and/or replacement therapy). Bisphosphonates or denosumab may be continued or started before randomization.

- Life expectancy of less than 3 months.

- Parenchymal brain metastases, unless adequately controlled by surgery and/or radiotherapy.

- Any ongoing toxicity from prior anti-cancer therapy that is grade 3-4 and/or that is progressing in severity, except alopecia or anemia controlled by growth factors.

- Known or suspected congestive heart failure (>NYHA I) and/or coronary heart disease, angina pectoris requiring anti-anginal medication, previous history of myocardial infarction ≤ 6months, evidence of transmural infarction on ECG, un- or poorly controlled arterial hypertension (i.e. BP >150/100 mmHg under treatment with two antihypertensive drugs), rhythm abnormalities requiring permanent treatment, clinically significant valvular heart disease.

- Currently active infection.

- History of other malignancies within the last 5 years which significantly affect the diagnosis, assessment or prognosis of metastatic breast cancer.

- Malabsorption syndrome or insufficient gastrointestinal function, preexisting diagnosis of ulcerative colitis.

- Concurrent treatment with other experimental drugs; participation in another clinical trial with any investigational not marketed drug within 30 days prior to study entry.

- Insufficiently controlled diabetes, known HIV infection or chronic hepatitis B or C and seriously impaired liver function (Child-Pugh, class A, B or C).

Gender: Female

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Sibylle Loibl, Prof., MD Study Chair ASCO, ESGO, ESMO, DKG, DGGG, AGO, DGS, BIG, BCIRG, St. Gallen Faculty Member, SABCS Faculty member
Overall Contact

Last Name: Ioannis Gkantiragas, Dr.

Phone: +49 6102 7480

Phone Ext.: 0

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Status: Contact: Investigator:
Sana Klinikum Offenbach / German Breast Group | Neu Isenburg, Hessen, 63263, Germany Not yet recruiting Sibylle Loibl, PD.MD +49 6102 7840 426 [email protected] Sibylle Loibl, MD Principal Investigator
TU Dresden | Dresden, Sachsen, 01307, Germany Recruiting Karin Kast, MD, Prof Principal Investigator
| Bielefeld, 33604, Germany Recruiting
University of Erlangen | Erlangen, 91054, Germany Recruiting
| Essen, 45136, Germany Recruiting
| Goslar, 38642, Germany Not yet recruiting
| Hanau, 63450, Germany Recruiting
| Karlsruhe, 76135, Germany Active, not recruiting
| Kiel, 24105, Germany Active, not recruiting
| Köln, 50931, Germany Active, not recruiting
| Mainz, 55131, Germany Recruiting
| München, 80638, Germany Active, not recruiting
| Rotenburg, 27356, Germany Recruiting
| Weinheim, 69469, Germany Recruiting
Location Countries

Germany

Verification Date

March 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Conventional Everolimus dosing according to label

Type: Active Comparator

Description: everolimus 10 mg/day, week 1-3: 4x2.5 mg/day (blinded); week 4-24: 10mg/day (open according to label) + further treatment according to standard of care

Label: 3 week Dose Induction of Everolimus

Type: Experimental

Description: an escalating dose of everolimus as follows: week 1: 1x2.5 mg verum + 3x placebo/day; week 2: 2x2.5 mg verum + 2x placebo/day; week 3: 3x2,5 mg verum + 1x placebo/day; week 4-24: 10 mg/day (open according to label) + further treatment according to standard of care

Acronym Desiree
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov