Pre Post Evaluation of Temperature, Steps, and Glucose With Additional Time Spent Outdoors in an Urban and Rural Setting
Environmental Exposures Across Urban and Rural Communities in the Deep South
Lead Sponsor: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
|Source||Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University|
This research was designed with partners to determine differences in temperature exposures in urban and rural communities in Alabama. The investigators hypothesized that significant differences in temperature exposure exist between urban and rural settings. Time spent outdoors has been previously positively associated with greater physical activity. Built environment components in urban versus rural environments and ambient temperatures experienced during the summer may pose barriers to time spent outdoors. Persons with Type II Diabetes Mellitus may find it more difficult to overcome temperature barriers due to reduced thermoregulation capacity. This analysis will result in a more precise picture of temperature exposure as well as behavioral factors that may mediate exposure.
The investigators gathered individual-level temperature exposure data by asking 180 female participants to wear a small thermometer on their shoe for 7 days. Ninety participants were recruited from Birmingham AL (urban) and 90 from rural West Central Alabama. The first two days participants were asked to go about their normal daily activities. During the next 5 days of participation, participants were asked to add an additional 30 minutes of time spent outdoors. As a secondary outcome, steps were measured via pedometers worn by participants. A subgroup of participants with self-reported doctor diagnosed Type II Diabetes also recorded their fasting glucose each morning of participation.
|Start Date||July 11, 2017|
|Completion Date||July 19, 2017|
|Primary Completion Date||July 19, 2017|
Intervention Type: Behavioral
Intervention Name: 30 minutes outdoors
Description: Participants were asked to add an additional 30 minutes of time spent outdoors during the last 5 days of participation
Arm Group Label: 30 additional minutes outdoors
Inclusion Criteria: - Female, age 19 to 65, willing to wear a small thermometer on shoe and pedometer on waist for one week. Exclusion Criteria: - Medical condition that limits the amount of time able to be spent outdoors.
- Female, age 19 to 65, willing to wear a small thermometer on shoe and pedometer on waist for one week.
- Medical condition that limits the amount of time able to be spent outdoors.
Minimum Age: 19 Years
Maximum Age: 65 Years
Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Type: Principal Investigator
Investigator Affiliation: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Investigator Full Name: Julia Gohlke
Investigator Title: Associate Professor
|Has Expanded Access||No|
|Number Of Arms||1|
Label: 30 additional minutes outdoors
Description: Participants were asked to go about their normal activities during the first 2 baseline days of participation. Participants were asked to spend an additional 30 minutes outdoors per day for the next 5 days of participation.
|Study Design Info||
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Masking: None (Open Label)