Impact of Bosutinib on Safety, Tolerability, Biomarkers and Clinical Outcomes in Dementia With Lewy Bodies

A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-controlled Study to Evaluate the Impact of Bosutinib on Safety, Tolerability, Biomarkers and Clinical Outcomes in Dementia With Lewy Bodies (DLB)

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Georgetown University

Collaborator: Alzheimer's Association

Source Georgetown University
Brief Summary

This study evaluates the effect of Bosutinib (Bosulif,Pfizer®) in the treatment of patients with Dementia with Lewy Bodies. Half participants will receive 100 mg of Bosutinib , while the other half will receive placebo.

Detailed Description

This proposal will evaluate the effects of Bosutinib (Bosulif, Pfizer®) treatment - an FDA-approved tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets c-Abelson (Abl) and Src tyrosine kinases- in patients with DLB. Investigators have demonstrated safety and efficacy of this compound in pre-clinical animal models and others have shown similar benefits of Bosutinib on inflammation and neurotoxic protein clearance in neurodegeneration. Investigators have demonstrated that Bosutinib enters the brain (5% CSF:plasma ratio) and inhibits Abl at lower doses (5mg/kg) than the cancer dose (80mg/kg) in animals. Bosutinib also reduces the levels of neurotoxic proteins including alpha-synuclein, tau and beta-amyloid and improves motor and cognitive behavior in models of neurodegeneration. The use of Bosutinib is a novel strategy that promotes autophagy to clear neurotoxic protein aggregates in neurons. Bosutinib is FDA-approved for the treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) at an oral dose of 400-600 mg daily. Based on our preclinical evidence, investigators used allometric conversion to extrapolate animal to human dose and estimated a human equivalent dose daily dose of 100mg Bosutinib in this clinical study to determine the safety and tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in patients with mild to moderate DLB.

Overall Status Active, not recruiting
Start Date April 23, 2019
Completion Date August 2021
Primary Completion Date April 2021
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Safety and tolerability Go/NoGo (25% discontinuations) will be determined based on any emergent adverse events. 3 Months
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
We will determine Bosutinib levels in CSF and plasma. 3 Months
We will determine changes in DLB related CSF and plasma biomarkers 3 Months
Enrollment 30
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Placebo Oral Tablet

Description: Fifteen (15) patients in group 1 will receive the matching placebo("sugar pill") one (1) tablet orally once daily for 3 months (90 days) .

Arm Group Label: Placebo

Other Name: Placebo

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Bosutinib Oral Tablet

Description: Fifteen (15) patients in group 1 will receive the 100 mg of Bosutinib one (1) tablet orally once daily for 3 months (90 days) .

Arm Group Label: 100 mg of Bosutinib

Other Name: Bosutinib(Bosulif®, SKI-606, Pfizer)

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Written informed consent

2. Capable of providing informed consent and complying with study procedures. Subjects who are unable to provide consent may use a Legally Authorized Representative (LAR)

3. Age of 25-90 years, medically stable

4. Clinical diagnosis of DLB according to McKeith et al (7) with both dementia MoCA≥18 and Parkinsonian defined as bradykinesia in combination with rest tremor, rigidity or both UPDRS I-III ≤ 50 and UPDRS-III between 20-40.

5. Dementia and Parkinsonism must be present with at least one other symptom such as fluctuation, visual hallucinations or REM sleep behavioral disorder (RBD)

6. Abnormal DaTScan

7. Stable on Levodopa no more than 800mg daily, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, dopamine agonists for at least 6 weeks

8. Stable on monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MOA-B) for at least 4 weeks before enrollment

9. Stable concomitant medical and/or psychiatric illnesses in the judgement of the PI

10. QTc interval 350-480 ms, inclusive

11. Participants must be willing to undergo LP at baseline and 3 months after treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Medical history of liver or pancreatic disease, GI ulcers and Chron's disease, kidney, GI, or blood problems

2. Abnormal liver function defined as AST and/or ALT > 100% the upper limit of the normal

3. Renal insufficiency as defined by a serum creatinine > 1.5 times the upper limit of normal or proteinuria

4. History of HIV, clinically significant chronic hepatitis, or other active infection

5. hypokalemia, hypomagnesaemia, or long QT syndrome- QTc≥480 ms or concomitant drugs known to prolong the QTc interval and history of any cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction or cardiac failure, angina, arrhythmia

6. History or presence of significant cardiac conditions including: cardiovascular or cerebrovascular event (e.g. myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or stroke), congestive heart failure, first, second- or third-degree atrioventricular block, sick sinus syndrome, or other serious cardiac rhythm disturbances, any history of Torsade de Pointes.

7. Treatment with any of the following drugs at the time of screening or the preceding 30 days, and/or planned use over the course of the trial: Treatment with Class IA or III antiarrhythmic drugs (e.g. quinidine), treatment with QT prolonging drugs (www.crediblemeds.org)- excluding SSRIs (e.g. Citalopram, Escitalopram, Paroxetine, Sertraline, Duloxetine, Trazodone, etc.), Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (including grapefruit juice). The concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, atazanavir, indinavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, voriconazole) must be avoided. Should treatment with any of these agents be required, therapy with Bosutinib should be interrupted. Anticoagulants, including Coumadin (warfarin), heparin, enoxaparin, daltiparin, xeralto, etc. St. John's Wort and the concomitant use of strong other CYP3A4 inducers (e.g., dexamethasone, phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine, phenobarbital) must be avoided since these agents may reduce the concentration of Bosutinib

8. Females must not be lactating, pregnant or with possible pregnancy

9. Clinical signs indicating syndromes other than DLB including, Alzheimer's Disease (AD) idiopathic PD, corticobasal degeneration, supranuclear gaze palsy, multiple system atrophy, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, signs of frontal dementia, history of stroke, head injury or encephalitis, cerebellar signs, early severe autonomic involvement, Babinski sign

10. Current evidence or history in past two years of epilepsy, focal brain lesion, head injury with loss of consciousness or DSM-IV criteria for any active major psychiatric disorder including psychosis, major depression, bipolar disorder, alcohol or substance abuse

11. Evidence of any significant clinical disorder or laboratory finding that renders the participant unsuitable for receiving an investigational drug including clinically significant or unstable hematologic, hepatic, cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, endocrine, metabolic, renal or other systemic disease or laboratory abnormality.

12. Active neoplastic disease, history of cancer five years prior to screening, including breast cancer (history of skin melanoma or stable prostate cancer are not exclusionary)

13. Contraindications to LP: prior lumbosacral spine surgery, severe degenerative joint disease or deformity of the spine, platelets < 100,000, use of Coumadin/warfarin, or history of a bleeding disorder.

14. Must not be on any immunosuppressant medications

15. Must not be enrolled as an active participant in another clinical study.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 25 Years

Maximum Age: 90 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Fernando L Pagan, MD Principal Investigator Georgetown Univeristy
Location
Facility: MedStar Georgetown University Hospital
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

April 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Georgetown University

Investigator Full Name: Fernando Pagan MD

Investigator Title: Associate Professor Of Neurology , Director of Movement Disorder Program, Medical Director of NPF COE at GUH , Fellowship Director

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Placebo

Type: Placebo Comparator

Description: Thirty (30) participants will be recruited and randomized into 2 groups (arms) (1:1) .Fifteen (15) patients in group 1 will receive the matching placebo("sugar pill") one (1) capsule orally once daily for 3 months (90 days).

Label: 100 mg of Bosutinib

Type: Active Comparator

Description: Thirty (30) participants will be recruited and randomized into 2 groups (arms) (1:1) .Fifteen (15) patients in group 2 will receive the 100 mg of Bosutinib one (1) capsule orally once daily for 3 months (90 days).

Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Intervention Model Description: We will evaluate the effects of 100 mg Bosutinib versus matching placebo taken daily by mouth for 12 weeks, followed by a 4 week wash-out period in individuals diagnosed with DLB. We will perform physiologically-based population pharmacokinetics (popPK) using a seamless random single dose (RSD) of Bosutinib, where participants (n=30) will be randomized to 3 groups (n=10) and take a single oral dose of 100mg, 200mg, Bosutinib or placebo (1;1;1) open label. Lumbar puncture will be performed between 1-4 hours after dosing. Participants will then be randomized double-blinded into 2 groups 1;1 using placebo(n=15) and 100mg (n=15) for 3 months. Randomization and Registration will be performed by an internet based randomization module. Randomization of the subjects to the 2 treatment groups will be performed in a stratified manner. The chance for randomization to the groups is 1:1 for placebo: 100 mg Bosutinib.

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Masking Description: Participants will be randomized by a Biostatistician by an internet based randomization module into two groups. The researchers include : Primary investigator , Sub-Investigators ,Clinical Coordinators, Nurse Practitioners , and Clinical Reseach unit staff. The investigators will be blinded to the dosage. Medications for any patient will be labeled by the CRU with a package medical identification number (Med. Id). A patient specific patient identification number (Pat. Id.) will be assigned to each patient. The investigator will have to note the Pat.Id on the designated medication package number after randomization.

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov