Dantrolene for Treatment of Hyperthermia in Subarachnoidal Hemorrhage (SAH)

Dantrolene as a Treatment for Hyperthermia in Patients After Subarachnoidal Hemorrhage

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Medical University of Vienna

Source Medical University of Vienna
Brief Summary

Dantrolene is used to prevent hyperthermia in intensive care patients suffering from subarachnoidal hemorrhage.

Detailed Description

Background: Fever episodes occur in more than 50% of patients admitted to the ICU for subarachnoidal hemorrhage, central nervous system infection, seizure control, hemorrhagic stroke, and closed head injury despite antibiotic and antipyretic therapy. The exact mechanism of hyperthermia-induced brain injury is not known; however, various processes may be involved. For example, hyperthermia might increase the release of excitatory neurotransmitter or trigger an abundant amount of oxygen free radicals. Hyperthermia may also aggravate blood-brain barrier disruption, impair cytoskeletal proteolysis, and/or enhance inhibition of enzymatic protein kinases, which, in turn, would impair recovery of energy metabolism. Antipyretics are effective for conventional fever, but less useful for various central hyperthermia syndromes, especially those resulting from strokes, SAH, and head injuries. Even aggressive cooling is usually insufficient in patients with fever because it is unable to overcome the high metabolic rate in these patients. Likewise, physical cooling is counteracted by the thermoregulatory defenses being activated to maintain hyperthermia. In non-sedated individuals, active cooling increases metabolic stress without decreasing core temperature at all. To date, treatment of centrally mediated hyperthermia remains unsatisfying. Dantrolene has been available since 1975 as a specific treatment for acute malignant hyperthermia crises. However, dantrolene is increasingly being used for emergency treatment of life-threatening hyperthermia that is unresponsive to conventional treatments. For example, the drug has been used with some success for acute treatment of life-threatening hyperthermia resulting from neuroleptic malignant syndrome and hyperthermia associated with overdoses of various drugs. It has also been used for treatment of various other types of hyperthermia. Efficacy in these cases appears to be based on a non-specific action of the drug; but to the extent dantrolene is effective, its action must conform to the laws of thermodynamics. Dantrolene must, therefore, reduce metabolic heat production, augment systemic heat loss, or alter the normal distribution of heat within the body. In other words, dantrolene must reverse the abnormal (or ineffective) thermoregulatory control that initiates the hyperthermic crises. Item: We propose to test the hypothesis that dantrolene will reduce centrally mediated fever in patients after subarachnoidal hemorrhage. Specifically, we will test the hypothesis that dantrolene decreases the magnitude and duration of hyperthermia. The study will be restricted to neurosurgical patients with sustained fever (≥38ºC for more than an hour) without an identifiable infectious cause after subarachnoidal hemorrhage aged from 18 to 80 years. There will be no limitation of enrollment as to patients breathing spontaneously or being ventilator dependant.

Overall Status Terminated
Start Date 2008-05-01
Completion Date 2011-03-01
Primary Completion Date 2011-03-01
Phase Phase 2/Phase 3
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Magnitude and Duration of Hyperthermia 8 hours, every 10 minutes
Enrollment 34
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Dantrolene

Description: Patients who satisfy the inclusion/exclusion criteria of the study and who are enrolled in this study will be randomized with computer-generated grouping to either one of two groups. One group of subjects will be given dantrolene for the first episode of fever. The other group will be given placebo. Dantrolene is supplied in 70-ml vials containing 20 mg dantrolene. Dantrolene will be given in the following dose: 5 mg/kg BW given intravenously over 30 minutes. As placebo NaCl 0,9% will be used.

Arm Group Label: Dantrolene

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Placebo

Description: Patients who satisfy the inclusion/exclusion criteria of the study and who are enrolled in this study will be randomized with computer-generated grouping to either one of two groups. One group of subjects will be given dantrolene for the first episode of fever. The other group will be given placebo. Dantrolene is supplied in 70-ml vials containing 20 mg dantrolene. Dantrolene will be given in the following dose: 5 mg/kg BW given intravenously over 30 minutes. As placebo NaCl 0,9% will be used.

Arm Group Label: Placebo

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - neurosurgical patients after subarachnoidal hemorrhage - breathing spontaneously or being ventilator dependant - sustained fever (≥38ºC for more than an hour) without an identifiable infectious cause. Exclusion Criteria: - infection - pregnancy - arrhythmia - muscular dystrophia - acute liver disease

Gender:

All

Minimum Age:

18 Years

Maximum Age:

80 Years

Healthy Volunteers:

No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Andrea Holzer, MD Principal Investigator Medical University Vienna, Department of Anesthesiology and General Intensive Care Medicine
Location
Facility: Medical University Vienna
Location Countries

Austria

Verification Date

2009-09-01

Responsible Party

Name Title: Andrea Holzer, MD

Organization: Medical University Vienna

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Dantrolene

Type: Experimental

Label: Placebo

Type: Placebo Comparator

Acronym DTH1
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)

This information was retrieved directly from the website clinicaltrials.gov without any changes. If you have any requests to change, remove or update your study details, please contact [email protected]. As soon as a change is implemented on clinicaltrials.gov, this will be updated automatically on our website as well.

Clinical Research News