Study of the Role of Regulator T Cells in the Pathophysiology of Childhood Henoch Schönlein Purpura

Study of the Role of Regulator T Cells in the Pathophysiology of Childhood Henoch Schönlein Purpura

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nīmes

Source Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nīmes
Brief Summary

The primary objective of this study is to search for evidence of quantitative or functional defects in plasma regulatory T cells (Tregs) in pediatric patients with Henoch Schönlein Purpura (HSP) as compared to a control population.

Detailed Description

The secondary questions/objectives for this study are:

A. During an inflammatory HSP flare, is there a quantitative and / or qualitative defect in plasma Tregs? Are such blood anomalies real or are they due to a modification of the distribution of theses cells to localized sites? B. In the asymptomatic phase, are there quantitative or functional abnormalities among Tregs in subjects with HSP compared to healthy control subjects? C. Are Treg abnormalities associated with modifications in other blood cell lineages, including B cells secreting IgA and abnormally glycosylated IgA1, and secretion of cytokines during acute relapses and during the asymptomatic phase? D. Can streptococcus or other oral or digestive pathogens (bacterial or viral) (as suggested in other chronic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis ) provoke (via stimulation Th3) isotype commutation towards secretion of IgA1 at the origin of HSP? Does HSP intestinal damage or imbalance of the intestinal microbiota allow the translocation of intestinal microorganisms that sustain this stimulation?

Overall Status Completed
Start Date February 2015
Completion Date January 31, 2019
Primary Completion Date July 11, 2017
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Percentage of blood Tregs Day 0
Absolute Treg count Day 0
Presence / absence of functional abnormality of plasma Tregs Day 0
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Numerical abnormalities in other blood cell lines Day 0
Serum cytokine levels Day 0
Serum IgA levels Day 0
Presence/absence of bacterial translocation Day 0
Quantification of bacterial translocation Day 0
Number of bacterial species detected in the intestinal microbiota Day 0
Distribution of bacteria taxa present in the intestine among 3 categories Day 0
Enrollment 100
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Biological

Intervention name: Blood samples

Description: Compared to routine practice, 3 additional tubes of blood will be drawn for the observational needs of this study.

Intervention type: Biological

Intervention name: Stool samples

Description: Stool samples will be collected for the observational needs of this study (and are not part of routine practice).

Eligibility

Sampling method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

General inclusion criteria for all sub-populations included in the study

- The child (with age- and comprehension-skill-appropriate information) and parents (or persons exercising parental authority) have been informed about the implementation of the study, its objectives, constraints and patient rights

- The child (depending on age) and parents (or persons exercising parental authority) have given their free and informed consent and signed the consent

- The patient must be insured or beneficiary of a health insurance plan

Inclusion criteria for population A: Henoch Schönlein purpura, acute episodes

- The diagnosis of Henoch Schönlein purpura was made by a physician according to the EULAR / PRES / PRINTO 2010 criteria (purpura predominantly on the lower limbs associated with one of the following criteria: abdominal pain, arthralgia or arthritis, kidney damage or suggestive histology (immune deposits dominated by Immunoglobulin A (IgA))

- The patient is not treated via immunosuppression (steroids or other immunosuppressive / biotherapy) and has not been treated like this for at least 15 days

Inclusion criteria for population B: Henoch Schönlein purpura in remission

- The diagnosis of Henoch Schönlein purpura was made by a physician according to the EULAR / PRES / PRINTO 2010 criteria

- The patient has has a Henoch Schönlein purpura episode in the past, and no longer has any symptoms of the disease

- The patient is not treated via immunosuppression (steroids or other immunosuppressive / biotherapy) and has not been treated like this for at least 15 days

Inclusion criteria for population C: controls

- Subjects free from infectious, inflammatory or autoimmune diseases

- Candidates for elective surgery (circumcision, urological surgery, removal of tonsils and adenoids)

Exclusion Criteria:

- The patient is participating in another interventional study or is in an exclusion period determined by a previous study

- The child refuses to participate in the study

- Parents (or persons with parental responsibility if any) refuse to sign the consent

- It is impossible to correctly inform the patient or his/her parents (or persons with parental authority if any)

- The patient has another inflammatory or autoimmune disease

- Patient on immunosuppressive / biotherapy treatments

Gender: All

Minimum age: 3 Years

Maximum age: 17 Years

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Tu Anh Tran, MD, PhD Principal Investigator Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nîmes
Location
facility
CHRU de Montpellier - Hôpital Lapeyronie | Montpellier, 34295, France
CHRU de Nîmes - Hôpital Universitaire Carémeau | Nîmes Cedex 09, 30029, France
Location Countries

France

Verification Date

March 2019

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Arm group label: HSP: acute episode

Description: Patients in this group are going through an acute episode of Henoch Schönlein Purpura. Intervention: Blood samples Intervention: Stool samples

Arm group label: HSP: remission

Description: Patients in this group have had Henoch Schönlein Purpura in the past but currently have no symptoms. Intervention: Blood samples Intervention: Stool samples

Arm group label: Control group

Description: Control patients recruited from elective surgery candidates at the participating hospitals. Intervention: Blood samples Intervention: Stool samples

Acronym FOX-TREG
Study Design Info

Observational model: Case-Control

Time perspective: Cross-Sectional

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov