Family Habit Physical Activity Study

Promoting Habit Formation in Family Physical Activity

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: University of Victoria

Collaborator: Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
University of British Columbia
Dalhousie University
University of Alberta
King's College London

Source University of Victoria
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to examine physical activity habit formation in parents and if this can increase moderate to vigorous physical activity behavior in their children over six months. The Primary Research Question is:

Does the habit formation condition result in increased moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity of the child compared to the control (education) and education + planning conditions at six months? Hypothesis: Child physical activity will be higher for the habit formation condition in comparison to the more standard physical activity education and planning conditions at six months.

Detailed Description

Secondary Research Questions

1. Does the habit formation condition improve child health-related quality of life, and health-related fitness outcomes compared to the control and planning conditions at six months? Hypothesis: Child health-related fitness and quality of life will be higher for the habit formation condition in comparison to the control and planning conditions.

2. Can group differences among behavioural, and health-related fitness outcomes be explained through a mediation model? Hypothesis: The covariance of the assigned conditions (habit formation, planning + education, education control) on child physical activity will be explained by parental support habit, and through the use of consistency and cues regulation strategies (i.e., manipulation check). In turn, the covariance between support habit and health-related outcomes will be explained by physical activity among conditions. The habit formation condition will not affect parental support intentions or underlying outcome expectations (benefits of physical activity) for support of child physical activity because its effect on behavior is to tie initial intentions to behavioural action or to work independent of goals and intentions.

3. Is there an intergenerational, seasonal, or gender difference across primary outcomes by assigned condition? Hypothesis: Parents in the habit formation condition will show higher physical activity via some activities being performed with their children in comparison to the other conditions. No differences in gender or season are hypothesized but these are exploratory research questions because there is limited research at present [28] to make any definitive statement.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date January 30, 2017
Completion Date December 2020
Primary Completion Date December 2020
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change from baseline in children's physical activity to 6 months Baseline & 6 months
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change from baseline in personal physical activity to six months (child PA) Baseline & 6 months
Change from baseline in self-reported family based physical activity to six months Baseline & 6 months
Change from baseline in weight at 6 months baseline and 6 months
Change from baseline in height at 6 months baseline and 6 months
Change from baseline in waist circumference at 6 months baseline and 6 months
Change from baseline in BMI at 6 months baseline and 6 months
Change from baseline in grip strength at 6 months (MSK fitness) baseline and 6 months
Change from baseline in sit and reach flexibility at 6 months baseline and 6 months
Change from baseline in plank test time at 6 months baseline and 6 months
Change from baseline in cardiovascular fitness at 6 months baseline and 6 months
Change from baseline in parent support of child's physical activity at 6 weeks baseline and 6 weeks
Change from baseline in parent support of child's physical activity at 3 months baseline and 3 months
Change from baseline in parent support of child's physical activity at 6 months baseline and 6 months
Change from baseline in parent support habits of child physical activity at 6 months (a) baseline and 6 months
Enrollment 240
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Behavioral

Intervention Name: Family Physical Activity Planning

Description: Families will receive the same guidelines as the standard education control group but will also be provided with family physical activity planning material. This material will include a skill training content workbook on how to plan for family physical activity. The material includes a brainstorming exercise for parents where they list physical activities they think their children have found fun in the past, as well as activities that they would find enjoyable to do as a family. We will provide this material as prompts/suggestions. Families will be instructed to plan for "when," "where," "how," and "what" physical activity will be performed & then track their physical activity. These aspects will be re-introduced and discussed at week 6 and week 12 in booster sessions

Arm Group Label: Family physical activity Planning

Intervention Type: Behavioral

Intervention Name: Family Physical Activity Habit Formation

Description: Families will receive the same content as the education control condition and the physical activity planning condition but with additional material on creating physical activity support habits. A key component of the habit section will be based on planning for context-dependent repetition, with pointers on how to maintain repetition as habit forms. The importance of creating cues for parental support of child physical activity is then outlined. Cues will also be considered factors that a) can precede the support activity but b) not be present very often when the activity is not to be performed. We will suggest that cues that have repeated exposure during times when family physical activity is not present Parents will then be asked to brainstorm and create a plan of consistency and cues with the workbooks provided. These aspects will be re-introduced and discussed at week 6 and week 12 in booster sessions.

Arm Group Label: Family Physical Activity Habit Formation

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- parents with children between the ages of 6 and 12 years

- self-report low family physical activity

- target child is not meeting Canada's Physical Activity guidelines

Exclusion Criteria:

• participant is unsafe to participate in physical activity as determined by answers to the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q)

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 6 Years

Maximum Age: 12 Years

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Location
Facility: Status: Contact: Investigator: Behavioural Medicine Lab, University of Victoria Sandy Courtnall 250 472 5288 [email protected] Ryan Rhodes, PhD Principal Investigator
Location Countries

Canada

Verification Date

February 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: University of Victoria

Investigator Full Name: Ryan Rhodes

Investigator Title: Professor, Principal Investigator

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Number Of Arms 3
Arm Group

Label: Control

Type: No Intervention

Description: The control group package will consist of the Canadian 24 Hour Movement Guidelines recommending 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day for children. The guide also contains arguments & information about the benefits of physical activity.

Label: Family physical activity Planning

Type: Experimental

Description: Behavoural: Family Physical Activity Planning. The physical activity planning intervention condition will receive the same guidelines as the standard education control group but will also be provided with family physical activity planning material. This material will include workbook on how to plan for family physical activity; brainstorming exercises for parents & children where they list physical activities that they have found fun in the past, as well as some new activities they would like to try & skill training content to help with goal setting & tracking of physical activity.

Label: Family Physical Activity Habit Formation

Type: Experimental

Description: Behavioural: Family Physical Activity Habit formation. The Habit formation intervention condition will receive the same content as the education control condition and the physical activity planning condition but with additional material on creating physical activity support habits. The material includes a brief discussion of what habits are with some very straightforward examples such as preparing for sleep routines or initiating to drive a car to work. A key component of the habit section will be based on planning for context-dependent repetition, with pointers on how to maintain repetition as habit forms.

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Prevention

Masking: Single (Investigator)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov