Medical Nutrition Therapy Program and Eating Behavior Questionnaires on Gestational Weight Gain
Medical Nutrition Therapy Program and Eating Behavior Questionnaires on Gestational Weight Gain in Mexican Women With Diabetes
Lead Sponsor: Hugo Mendieta Zeron
|Source||Materno-Perinatal Hospital of the State of Mexico|
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) create complications during pregnancy, particularly in women with gestational weight gain (GWG) that falls over the recommended limit. On the other hand Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) has been shown to reduce some complications in women with T2DM and GDM. The aim of this project was to assess the association of MNT consultations and eating behavior with GWG in Mexican women with T2DM and GDM.
This cross-sectional study conducted at from 2013 to 2014. Fifty seven patients with T2DM or GDM were invited to participate. The dependent variable was GWG and the main independent variables were MNT and eating behaviors. Data were obtained from medical records or interviews. Multiple linear regression models were used to assess associations.
|Start Date||November 2013|
|Completion Date||November 2014|
|Primary Completion Date||September 2014|
Intervention Type: Behavioral
Intervention Name: Medical Nutrition Therapy
Description: MNT was offered every 2-4 weeks to all pregnant women with T2DM and GDM. Women. MNT is offered as a mandatory part of their prenatal visit and/or hospital stay. The MNT provides an individual food plan with the following recommendations: total calories should be calculated as 30 kcal/kg based on pregestational BMI for an ideal weight. Of the total energy intake 40-45% is provided by carbohydrates, a maximum of 40% is provided by lipids and the remaining percentage by proteins providing moderate-to-low glycemic index foods and fiber consumption, glucose self-monitoring, participating in 15-30 min of daily physical activity after prior authorization of the treating physician, and meeting the minimal energy requirements of pregnancy (never < 1,500 kcal).
Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample
Inclusion Criteria: - Women who had given birth and with known T2DM. - Women who had given birth and with GDM diagnosed during pregnancy. Exclusion Criteria: - Women with multiple pregnancies. - Women with type 1 diabetes mellitus. - Women with glucose intolerance. - Women with chronic diseases.
- Women who had given birth and with known T2DM.
- Women who had given birth and with GDM diagnosed during pregnancy.
- Women with multiple pregnancies.
- Women with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
- Women with glucose intolerance.
- Women with chronic diseases.
Gender Based: Yes
Gender Description: Pregnant women
Minimum Age: 20 Years
Maximum Age: 40 Years
Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Investigator Affiliation: Materno-Perinatal Hospital of the State of Mexico
Investigator Full Name: Hugo Mendieta Zeron
Investigator Title: Chief of the Research Department
|Has Expanded Access||No|
|Study Design Info||
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective