Urinary Track Infection Prevention After Urogynecological Surgery

Methenamine Hippurate With Cranberry Capsules Versus Cranberry Capsules Alone for UTI Prevention in a Short-term Indwelling Foley Catheter Population After Urogynecological Surgery: A Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial


Lead Sponsor: TriHealth Inc.

Source TriHealth Inc.
Brief Summary

This study is randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled trial to access oral Methenamine Hippurate (MH) in combination with cranberry capsules is superior to cranberry capsules alone in prevention of UTI in patients with transient post-operative urinary retention requiring a Foley catheter after pelvic reconstructive surgery.

Detailed Description

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections in women. It is estimated that 1.6 billion dollars are spent on UTI treatment each year. Antibiotics have been the mainstay of treatment of UTIs, however frequent use has increased the prevalence of antibiotic resistant organisms. Therefore, focus has shifted to non-antibiotic therapy for UTI prophylaxis. Methenamine Hippurate (MH) has been studied for decades due to its potential role in prevention of UTI. While not technically an antibiotic, MH works via its bacteriostatic action in the bladder. Benefits of MH are the lack of development of resistance, and the selective nature of this drug to the urinary system only. However, MH is best used in conjunction with an acidifying agent to increase its bioavailability (such as cranberry capsules or other acidic products). The usage of MH has been studied in various populations, has been seen to be effective in short-term catheterization. Usage of cranberry as prophylaxis for UTI is controversial; however, results have been favorable in the post-operative gynecological population. Post-operative urinary retention (POUR) occurs frequently in patients who undergo incontinence and pelvic prolapse surgery. Although the definition of POUR can vary between clinicians, it is reported as 2.5-24% to as high as 43% after tension-free transvaginal mesh sling placement. This population is at also at high risk for UTI due to advanced age and menopausal status. Moreover, using a catheter longer than 2 days incurs a 2-fold increased risk of development of UTI with an estimated 5% increase in bacteriuria each day of catheterization. In hopes to decrease the overuse of antibiotics and decrease the likelihood of antibiotic resistance, we propose that the use of MH and cranberry can reflect a potential benefit in this population of short-term indwelling Foley catheter use and help reduce the incidence of post-operative UTI after pelvic surgery. The patients will then be randomized to either receive cranberry capsules and placebo OR cranberry capsules and Methenamine Hippurate.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date June 17, 2019
Completion Date May 2021
Primary Completion Date January 2021
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Incidence of urinary track infection (UTI) From surgery to one week post-op visit, approximately 1 week post surgery
Enrollment 208

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Methenamine Hippurate 1 g tablet

Description: Methenamine Hippurate (study drug) is an FDA approved medication in the prevention of UTI. Methenamine Hippurate 1g contains Hippuric acid salt of Methenamine (hexamethylene tetramine), Magnesium Stearate, Povidone, Saccharin Sodium, FD&C Yellow No. 5 (tartrazine) (www.iodine.com/drug/hiprex/fda-package-insert).

Arm Group Label: Methenamine Hippurate with Cranberry

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Placebo tablet

Description: Placebo is a tablet that will be provided to you that looks like the study drug but does not contain any medication. These pills are comprised of gelatin and minimal amounts of lactose powder. The pills are designed to have no effect on the patient.

Arm Group Label: Placebo with Cranberry



Inclusion Criteria: - Patients who undergo major pelvic organ prolapse surgery that are diagnosed with POUR via failed retrograde void trial and require an indwelling Foley catheter upon hospital discharge. Exclusion Criteria: - Unwillingness to participate in the study - Inability to understand English - Pregnant women - Patient personal history of nephrolithiasis, urogenital anomaly, neurogenic bladder, chronic renal insufficiency (GFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m² or serum creatinine level >1.03 for >3months), sarcoidosis, and severe hepatic insufficiency - Currently (prior 3 months) undergoing medical management for recurrent UTI or interstitial cystitis - Active urinary tract infection - Patient history of taking Warfarin (Coumadin) - Intraoperative bladder injury or cystotomy - Physical or mental impairment that would affect the subject's ability to take medications daily or fill out questionnaires - Reported allergy to any of the ingredients in the cranberry, MH, or placebo pill

Gender: Female

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 80 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Rachel Pauls, MD Principal Investigator TriHealth - Cincinnati Urogynecology Associates
Overall Contact

Last Name: Eunsun Yook, MS

Phone: 513-463-4300

Email: [email protected]

Facility: Status: Contact: Cincinnati Urogynecology Associates Vivian Ghodsi, RN 513-463-4300 [email protected]
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

July 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Methenamine Hippurate with Cranberry

Type: Experimental

Description: Subjects will be instructed to take Methenamine Hippurate 1 g tablet ( 1 tablet twice daily) with Cranberry supplementation (1 tablet twice daily) by mouth starting at time of discharge for 6-8 days.

Label: Placebo with Cranberry

Type: Placebo Comparator

Description: Subjects will be instructed to take Placebo tablet (1 tablet twice daily) with Cranberry supplementation (1 tablet twice daily) by mouth starting at time of discharge for 6-8 days. Cranberry capsules were incorporated into the standard practice of Cincinnati Urogynecology Associates, TriHealth Inc in mid-March 2016.

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Prevention

Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Masking Description: This is randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled trial, and both patients and investigators are blinded. However, a research nurse will not be blinded to the group allocation, and the research nurse will order each patient's medication to the inpatient pharmacy based on the study randomization scheme.

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov