The Use of Electronic Communications-based Automated Technologies to Augment Traditional Mental Health Care

Electronic Communication Augmented Mental Health Care

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Johns Hopkins University

Collaborator: Once Upon a Time Foundation

Source Johns Hopkins University
Brief Summary

Mood and anxiety disorders are the most common mental health conditions in the United States, and are associated with significant morbidity, mortality and overall impairment in functioning. These conditions often have an onset in adolescence and can be especially problematic during this time-period because it can impede normal development and attainment of important milestones. While there are evidence-based treatments for these disorders, these disorders often go untreated or under-treated with negative outcomes, particularly suicide in the case of mood disorders. Electronic communication via text messages and social media are ubiquitous and are often the predominant form of communication in adolescents and young adults. A growing body of research suggests that - at the individual level - electronic communication, including social media, activity can reflect the underlying course of mood and anxiety disorders and reveal associated risks for worsening course and negative outcomes such as suicide.

In this pilot study, the investigators propose to develop and evaluate a dashboard for mental health therapists to augment the care of patients with mood/anxiety disorders.

Detailed Description

Mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health disorder in the United States, and these disorders are associated with significant morbidity, mortality and overall impairment in functioning. These disorders often have an onset in adolescence, and suicide is now the second leading cause of death among 15-29 year-olds. Furthermore, adolescent mood and anxiety disorders are increasing, with lifetime prevalence of major depressive disorder for adolescents now estimated at 11%. For adolescents and young adults, untreated mood and anxiety disorders can impede normal development and attainment of important milestones (i.e., high school or college graduation, transition to employment), in addition to greatly increasing the risk of suicide. While there are evidence-based treatments for these disorders, 40% of depressed adolescent patients, for example, do not have a substantial response to initial treatment and only a third experience remission of symptoms. Consequently, there is an urgent need to improve upon current treatments and develop novel approaches to care of depression, as well as other mood and anxiety disorders, in adolescents, young adults, and adults in general.

Electronic communication is ubiquitous. Given this, it has been hypothesized that monitoring electronic communication, including social media, activity in partnership with patients as part of routine clinical care has the potential to prevent negative outcomes of mood and anxiety disorders and greatly improve care of these conditions. At the individual level, electronic communication activity can reflect the underlying course of these disorders and reveal associated risks for worsening course and negative outcomes such as suicide. Automated technologies (e.g., natural language processing systems) may assist therapists in assessing these conditions and risks, by identifying aspects of language use or other key behavior patterns, such as number of friends or time of electronic communication activity, that correlate with an individual's mental health status. At the population level, analysis of aggregated electronic communications data can illuminate important mental health trends across a range of disorders (e.g., depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, eating disorders). In this pilot study, the investigators propose to develop and evaluate a dashboard for mental health therapists in alliance with patients to augment the care of patients with mood/anxiety disorders and to improve clinical outcomes.

Of note, changes to primary and secondary outcomes were made prior to intervention implementation.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date April 1, 2019
Completion Date December 30, 2021
Primary Completion Date December 30, 2021
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change in Depressive symptoms as assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 Baseline, then weekly for up to 2 years
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change in Session Experience Scale First visit, then every visit for up to 2 years
Change in measurement based outcomes as measured by the McLean Treatment Tracking Survey First visit, then every visit for up to 2 years
Enrollment 100
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Behavioral

Intervention name: Augmented Care: Electronic Media Dashboard

Description: A participant-specific dashboard that highlights patterns of patient electronic communication usage relevant to understanding participants' mental health will be developed and used to augment treatment as usual.

Arm group label: Augmented Care

Intervention type: Behavioral

Intervention name: Treatment as Usual

Description: Participants will receive psychotherapy as treatment as usual.

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients ages 12-100 years

- With any diagnosis of a mood or anxiety disorder

- Already established and receiving care in community psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center or at Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Non-English speaking

Gender: All

Minimum age: 12 Years

Maximum age: 100 Years

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Margaret Chisolm Principal Investigator Johns Hopkins University
Overall Contact

Last name: Leslie Miller, MD

Phone: 410 550 9014

Email: [email protected]

Location
facility status investigator Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center Margaret Chisolm, M.D. Principal Investigator Peter Zandi, PhD Principal Investigator
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

January 2020

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Arm group label: Treatment as Usual

Arm group type: Active Comparator

Description: Participants will receive psychotherapy (treatment as usual).

Arm group label: Augmented Care

Arm group type: Experimental

Description: Participants will receive augmented psychotherapy which includes use of an electronic media dashboard as part of treatment.

Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention model: Parallel Assignment

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov