Phase II Study of Stereotypes and Mental Retardation: Neurobiological Basis

Phase II Study of Stereotypes and Mental Retardation: Neurobiological Basis

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)

Collaborator: University of Florida

Source Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)
Brief Summary

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine differences between persons with repetitive behavior disorders and matched controls on measures of motor control relevant to basal ganglia pathophysiology.

II. Determine the efficacy of bromocriptine, a dopamine agonist, in the treatment of stereotyped behavior and related behavior disorders.

III. Determine the efficacy of sertraline hydrochloride, a selective serotonin uptake inhibitor, in the treatment of repetitive behavior disorders.

IV. Identify behavioral, environmental, and biological variables with differential drug treatment response.

Detailed Description

PROTOCOL OUTLINE: Motor slowness (bradykinesia) and motor control are tested in repetitive behavior disorder patients and matched controls. Group differences reflecting alterations in basal ganglia dopamine function are compared.

Behavioral assessments are conducted on each patient by trained observers. Assessments are taken at baseline and during the maintenance phase of drug treatment described below.

The efficacy of bromocriptine in the treatment of stereotypy and self-injury is determined in a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, crossover study extending over 20 weeks. Cohorts of 6 to 8 patients first enter into a single blind placebo phase, followed by double blind treatment with placebo or bromocriptine. The crossover manipulation entails a titration phase, a maintenance phase, then a final single blind placebo condition.

The same experimental design is used to determine the efficacy of sertraline or placebo in the treatment of stereotypy and concomitant self injury and compulsions. Duration of study is 26 weeks.

Overall Status Suspended
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Enrollment 40
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: bromocriptine

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: sertraline hydrochloride

Eligibility

Criteria:

PROTOCOL ENTRY CRITERIA:

--Disease Characteristics--

- Diagnosis of mental retardation

- High rate of stereotyped behavior, such as concomitant self-injurious and compulsive behaviors

- No diagnosis of tardive dyskinesia or akathisia

--Prior/Concurrent Therapy--

- No exposure to neuroleptics within 6 months prior to study

--Patient Characteristics--

- Age: 18 to 55

- Hematopoietic: (for bromocriptine and sertraline treatments) No history of anemia No clinically significant hematologic disease

- Hepatic: (for bromocriptine and sertraline treatments) No history of hepatic abnormalities No clinically significant liver disease

- Renal: (for bromocriptine and sertraline treatments) No history of renal abnormalities No clinically significant renal disease

- Cardiovascular: (for bromocriptine and sertraline treatments) No history of hypertension No clinically significant cardiac disease

- Other: No history of seizure within 4 months prior to study (for bromocriptine and sertraline treatments) No history of sensitivity to ergot alkaloids (for bromocriptine treatment) No sensitivity to serotonin uptake inhibitors (for sertraline treatment) No patients with sensory deficits (for motor function assessments)

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 55 Years

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Mark H. Lewis Study Chair University of Florida
Location
Facility: Western Carolina Center
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

March 2006

Responsible Party

Name Title: Mark Lewis

Organization: University of Florida

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Double

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov