Dynamic Hormone Diagnostics in Endocrine Disease

Dynamic Hormone Diagnostics (Ultradian)

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Haukeland University Hospital

Collaborator: Karolinska Institutet
University Hospitals Bristol and Weston NHS Foundation Trust
Evaggelismos Hospital, Greece

Source Haukeland University Hospital
Brief Summary

The study will investigate 27 hour profiles of hormones in the subcutaneous tissue of healthy subjects and patients with Addison's, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Growth Hormone Deficiency, acromegaly, Cushings and Primary Hyperaldosteronism during conventional diagnostic and therapeutic follow-up. The 27 hour monitoring by ULTRADIAN takes into account the rhythm of hormones throughout the day. It is hoped that this information may in the future improve and simplify diagnostic procedures. Follow-up of patients in endocrinology still remains difficult including clinical signs of over and under-treatment, questionnaires of quality of life and blood testing necessitating often retesting. Simplification of the diagnostic procedure by obtaining detailed knowledge about the rhythm of hormones may contribute to the improvement and individualization of treatment and may decrease morbidity and mortality of endocrine patients.

Detailed Description

Microdialysis fluid will be collected from all participants using the ULTRADIAN dynamic diagnostics system. This is a 3-component collection system which can easily be attached to a belt and allows participants to continue with their normal everyday activities whilst undergoing sampling. The micro-fractions are minute, the volume would normally be by far too small to use with current immunoassays. ULTRADIAN will overcome this hurdle by introducing two novel techniques; ultrasensitive liquid chromatography tandem mass spectroscopy (LCMS/MS) for steroid hormones, and the proximity extension assay (PEA®), which allows the simultaneous assay of up to 96 analytes in only 1 µL fluid. The microdialysis sampling will be performed in addition to the conventional diagnostic sampling, and during normal follow-up of patients.

Overall Status Active, not recruiting
Start Date 2016-10-01
Completion Date 2020-09-01
Primary Completion Date 2020-09-01
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
steroids 27 hours
androgens 27 hours
mineralocorticoids 27 hours
ACTH 27 hours
growth hormone 27 hours
steroids in Addison disease 27 hours
steroids in congenital adrenal hyperplasia 27 hours
androgen in congenital adrenal hyperplasia 27 hours
growth hormone in acromegaly 27 hours
growth hormone in growth hormone deficiency 27 hours
mineralocorticoids in primary hyperaldosteronism 27 hours
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Intra-individual variability and the accuracy of steroids hormones 27 hours
Intra-individual variability and the accuracy of androgens 27 hours
Intra-individual variability and the accuracy of mineralocorticoids 27 hours
Intra-individual variability and the accuracy of growth hormone 27 hours
Intra-individual variability and the accuracy of ACTH 27 hours
Enrollment 350
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: 27 hour subcutaneous fluid sampling

Description: One hour prior to the microdialysis catheter insertion the participants will be asked to receive a local anaesthetic on the injection site for the microdialysis catheter. Lignocaine 1% will be injected subcutaneously at a localised site on the abdomen covering a horizontal area of about 5cm after a brief acclimatisation period at the hospital. A sterile linear catheter will be inserted using aseptic precautions at the anaesthetised site on the abdomen. The catheter is connected at one end to the microdialysis pump, and at the other end to the automated collection device. Subcutaneous tissue microdialysis samples will be collected regularly for the duration of the sampling period (27 hours).

Eligibility

Sampling Method:

Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Healthy male and female subjects aged 18-68 years, non-smokers or regular smokers of greater than 6 cigarettes a day, BMI 16-29 - Male and female Cushing's syndrome aged 18-68 years with biochemically confirmed based on cortisol and ACTH measurements, dexamethasone suppression test and 1 of the following positive investigations (24 hour urine cortisol, salivary/serum cortisol profile). Visible tumour in the pituitary and/or one of the following positive tests pointing to pituitary source for ACTH overproduction (bilateral petrosal sinus sampling, corticotropin releasing hormone test, high dose dexamethasone suppression test) or adrenal tumour considered fit for surgery. No contraceptives for 6 weeks prior to sampling (females only). Patients on medical therapy e.g. metyrapone for Cushings to have a 2 week washout off treatment prior to sampling - Male and female aged 18 -68 years with biochemically confirmed adrenal insufficiency based on basal cortisol and ACTH measurements and/or Synacthen test +/- adrenal antibodies, and on oral hydrocortisone or cortisone acetate glucocorticoid replacement therapy - Female aged 18-68 years with biochemically confirmed salt-wasting or simple virilising CAH based on 17OHP, cortisol, androgen, renin and ACTH measurements; disease causing mutation in CYP21A2 and/or synacthen testing. - Male and female subjects aged 18 -68 years with biochemical confirmation of PHA based on a valid pathological aldosterone/renin ratio and non-suppressible aldosterone levels on one of the currently used confirmatory tests (saline/oral fludrocortisone test). Unilateral only - diagnostic CT and/or adrenal vein sampling - Male and female subjects aged 18-68 years with biochemically confirmed GHD (arginine growth hormone releasing hormone test, insulin tolerance test, known pituitary disease with confirmed pan hypopituitarism) - Male and female aged 18-68 years with biochemically confirmed acromegaly (oral glucose tolerance test or GH day curve and diagnostic insulin growth factor 1 levels) with radiological evidence of a pituitary adenoma. Exclusion Criteria: - Healthy controls undergoing or planning pregnancy or lactating women. Presence of any unstable pathological condition in past 3 months. On any regular prescribed medications (except contraception). Prior or current history of an endocrine disorder. Known allergy to Lignocaine, plasters. Current or past steroid therapies (oral, inhaled, parenteral or topical) or other interfering medication in last 3 months. Regular alcohol intake great then 26units of alcohol per week.Taking of any investigational drug within the past two months. Abuse of illicit drugs. Occasional smokers of cigarettes not able to abstain for sampling period or smoking less than 6 cigarettes a day. Needle phobia. Interfering diet/over the counter herbal remedies in last 14 days. - Cushing syndrome: Undergoing or planning pregnancy (females only). Known allergy to Lignocaine. Adrenal cancer (post-operative histology diagnosis),cyclic Cushings, squamous cell lung carcinoma, bronchial carcinoid and occult ectopic Cushings. Concurrent use of steroid therapy for any other medical condition (oral, inhaled, parenteral or topical) - Adrenal insufficiency: Undergoing or planning pregnancy, known allergy to Lignocaine, use of other steroid medications other than their standard glucocorticoid and fludrocortisone replacement, other interfering medication or diet within 2 weeks of sampling. - CAH: Males, females undergoing or planning pregnancy, known allergy to Lignocaine, use of other steroid medications other than their standard glucocorticoid and fludrocortisone replacement or other interfering medication or diet within 2 weeks of sampling - Primary hyperaldosteronism: Undergoing or planning pregnancy (females only), known allergy to Lidocaine, known adrenal failure and/or on steroid therapy (oral, inhaled, parenteral or topical), concurrent use of interfering medication ( i.e. specific interfering antihypertensive medication) or diet within 2-4 weeks of ultradian sampling - GHD: Undergoing or planning pregnancy (females only) or known allergy to Lignocaine - Acromegaly: Undergoing or planning pregnancy (females only), known allergy to Lignocaine treatment with somatostatin analogues and other interfering medication (e.g. oestrogens)

Gender:

All

Minimum Age:

18 Years

Maximum Age:

68 Years

Healthy Volunteers:

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Location
Facility:
Evangelissmos hospital | Athen, Greece
Haukeland University Hospital | Bergen, Norway
Karolinska Institutet | Stockholm, Sweden
Bristol University hospital | Bristol, United Kingdom
Location Countries

Greece

Norway

Sweden

United Kingdom

Verification Date

2020-08-01

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Label: Healthy controls (HC)

Description: Definition of the normal circadian and ultradian profiles of pituitary and adrenal hormones in healthy subjects:Each subject (total number 200, anticipated 50 per study centre) will be sampled by the ULTRADIAN sampling device for 27 hours. Day to day hormonal variability:A subgroup of 20 subjects will be asked to undergo sampling on three occasions to assess reproducibility of hormonal levels over time. Comparison of tissue and blood concentrations of hormones: 20 subjects will be asked to participate in the study comparing hormonal tissue level and blood levels.

Label: Cushing syndrome (CS)

Description: Diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome by ULTRADIAN dynamic cortisol measurements The primary objective is to establish circadian and ultradian hormonal profiles of patients with Cushing's from 24 hour ambulatory sampling of subcutaneous fluid. A secondary aim is to compare the pre and post-operative hormonal profiles of patients with Cushings and to compare these results to age/sex matched control Study subjects: Subjects with established clinical and biochemical Cushing's syndrome (ACTH-producing pituitary adenoma or ACTH-independent adrenal source).

Label: Adrenal insufficiency (AI)

Description: Monitoring of adrenal insufficiency (AI) by ULTRADIAN dynamic cortisol and ACTH measurements Aims and objectives: to compare hormonal profiles of patients with Adrenal insufficiency on conventional replacement regimes to age/sex matched controls. Study subjects: Subjects with established primary (adrenal) AI

Label: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)

Description: Monitoring of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) by ULTRADIAN dynamic cortisol, ACTH, and androgen measurements Aims and objectives: to compare hormonal profiles of patients with CAH on conventional replacement regimes to age/sex matched controls. Study subjects: Individuals with established CAH either salt- wasting or simple virilisation forms on glucocorticoid replacement therapy

Label: Primary hyperaldosteronism (PHA)

Description: Diagnosis of primary hyperaldosteronism (PHA) by ULTRADIAN dynamic aldosterone and renin measurements Aims and objectives: The primary objective is to establish circadian and ultradian profiling of free aldosterone and renin in subcutaneous tissue. Secondary objectives are (1) to compare pre and post-operative profiles (2) to identify profiles typical for adenoma as opposed to bilateral hyperplasia and (3) to compare profiles to age/sex matched controls. Study subjects: Subjects with suspected PHA.

Label: Growth hormone insufficiency (GHD)

Description: Diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency (GHD) by ULTRADIAN dynamic growth hormone measurements Aims and objectives: The primary objective is to establish hormonal circadian and ultradian profiles of adult GHD by analysing the growth hormone profile in the subcutaneous tissue fluid. Study subjects: Adult subjects with established clinical and biochemical GHD.

Label: Acromegaly (A)

Description: Diagnosis and treatment of acromegaly by ULTRADIAN dynamic growth hormone measurements Aims and objectives: The primary objective is to establish hormonal profiles of patients with Acromegaly A secondary objective is to compare pre and post-operative profiles and to compare these profiles to age/sex matched controls. Study subjects: Patients with established clinical and biochemical Acromegaly by current diagnostic criteria

Acronym ultradian
Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Observational Model: Case-Control

Time Perspective: Prospective

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