Cardiac Function and Microcirculation: Type 2 DIABetes and ECHOcardiographic Changes Over Time

Systolic and Diastolic Left Ventricular Function in Patients With Type 2 DIABetes Mellitus: Changes Over Time and Comparison With Cardiac Microcirculation. An ECHOcardiographic Study

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Svendborg Hospital

Source Svendborg Hospital
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of micro- and macrovascular changes on the cardiac function in relation to left ventricular function and coronary arteries during one year in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Detailed Description

The most frequent heart disease in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is the premature development of coronary atherosclerosis, which often leads to overt ischemic heart disease (IHD). T2DM can lead to both cardiac dysfunction due to IHD or to diabetic cardiomyopathy. Diabetic cardiomyopathy is defined as an impairment of left ventricular (LV) function without overt obstructive coronary vessel disease. Diabetic cardiomyopathy has been associated with microvascular dysfunction, which leads to the inability of the heart to circulate blood effectively. The microvascular atherosclerotic changes are well known in patients with diabetes, such as impaired vision, kidney function and sensibility. The macrovascular atherosclerotic changes such as plaques in the coronary arteries are strongly associated with reduced left ventricular function.

However, the relationship between micro- and macrovascular atherosclerotic changes and the impact on cardiac function is less certain.

Estimation of cardiac function includes: Left Atrial (LA) Strain, LA Strain Rate (SR), LA Emptying Function (LAEF), LV Ejection Fraction (EF), Fractional Shortening (FS), Global Longitudinal Strain (GLS), Circumferential Strain (CS) and Radial Strain (RS), Strain Rate (SR), Peak Systolic Strain, Post Systolic Strain, Early mitral filling velocity (E), late mitral filling velocity (A), E/A ratio, Deceleration Time (DCT) of early mitral filling velocity, medial and lateral mitral velocities using tissue doppler (e' , a' and s'), E/e' ratio, Isovolumetric Relaxation Time (IVRT), Isovolumetric Closing Time (IVCT), Ejection Time (ET), Myocardial Performance Index (MPI) and Myocardial Work Index (MWI).

In this study, participants will be consisting of non-diabetic subjects and patients with diabetes type 1 + 2. All of the participants have no history of myocardial infarction, heart failure and current symptoms of cardiac disease.

The study population will undergo following examinations:

1. 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG)

2. Urine- and blood samples.

3. Measurements of anthropometric data and vital parameters

4. Recording of medical history

5. 2D transthoracic echocardiography

6. Coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) with adenosine infusion.

7. Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA).

8. Free fractional reserve computed tomography (FFR-CT)

The examinations will be repeated at follow-up (however non-diabetic subjects will only have 1 CCTA performed at baseline).

The non-invasive FFR-CT will only be performed once in a subgroup of diabetic patients and non-diabetic subjects from November 2016 until May 2017.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date March 16, 2016
Completion Date September 20, 2018
Primary Completion Date September 20, 2018
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Changes in Global Longitudinal Strain (GLS) stratified by Coronary Artery Calcium Score (CAC) in patients with diabetes during one year of follow-up baseline, 12 months
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Changes in GLS stratified by Coronary Flow Velocity Reserve (CFVR) in patients with diabetes during one year of follow-up baseline, 12 months
Correlation between biomarkers and GLS stratified by CFVR 12 months
Correlation between biomarkers and GLS stratified by CAC 12 months
Changes in LV function stratified by CAC baseline, 12 months
Changes in LV function stratified by CFVR baseline, 12 months
Changes in LV function stratified by micro- and macrovascular diabetic status baseline, 12 months
Correlation between CFVR and Free Fractional Reserve -Computed Tomography (FFR-CT) baseline
Correlation between GLS and FFR-CT baseline
Changes in GLS in patients with long-term diabetes and no macrovascular disease baseline
Enrollment 300
Condition
Eligibility

Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion criteria:

- Ability to give informed consent

- Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) > 45 ml/min

- NYHA I + II

Exclusion criteria:

- 2° or 3° AV-block at baseline

- Long QT-syndrome at baseline

- Sinus node dysfunction with long sinus arrest at baseline

- Angina pectoris at baseline

- Ejection fraction (EF) < 40% at baseline

- Atrial fibrillation at baseline

- Usage of dipyridamol at baseline

- Aortic stenosis and left ventricle hypertrophia at baseline

- Aortic insufficiency and left ventricle dilatation at baseline

- Medication for asthma within the last 4 years prior to baseline

- Medication for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at baseline

- Allergy to contrast agent at baseline

- Significant stenosis in left main (LM) / left anterior descending (LAD) artery at baseline

- Not feasible to measure or perform coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR)

- Poor quality of echocardiographic images

- History of pacemaker

- History of myocardial infarction (MI)

- History of heart failure (HF)

- History of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)

- History of aortic valve replacement

- History of atrial fibrillation

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 40 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Kenneth Egstrup, DMSci Study Director Odense University Hospital (OUH) Svendborg Hospital
Location
Facility: Cardiovascular Research Unit, OUH Svendborg Hospital
Location Countries

Denmark

Verification Date

October 2018

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Svendborg Hospital

Investigator Full Name: Gokulan Pararajasingam

Investigator Title: MD, Ph.D-student

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Label: T2

Description: Patients with type 2 diabetes without myocardial infarction, heart failure and symptoms of cardiac disease at inclusion, were invited from the Outpatient Clinic of Endocrinology or The Eye Photo Clinic at Odense University Hospital (OUH) Svendborg. Diagnosis of diabetes was classified by trained endocrinologists according to international standards with relevant biochemistry. Historical data on urine- and blood samples as well as micro- and macrovascular diabetic complications have been registered consecutively in patients followed at the outpatient clinic in the regional Funen Diabetes Database (FDDB). Data on historical invasive procedures due to cardiac disease were registered in Western Denmark Heart Registry (WDHR).

Label: T1

Description: Patients with type 1 diabetes without myocardial infarction, heart failure and symptoms of cardiac disease at inclusion, were invited from the Outpatient Clinic of Endocrinology or The Eye Photo Clinic at OUH Svendborg. Diagnosis of diabetes was classified by trained endocrinologists according to international standards with relevant biochemistry. Historical data on urine- and blood samples as well as micro- and macrovascular diabetic complications have been registered consecutively in patients followed at the outpatient clinic in the regional FDDB. Data on historical invasive procedures due to cardiac disease were registered in WDHR.

Label: Non-diabetic subjects

Description: Non-diabetic subjects without myocardial infarction, heart failure and symptoms of cardiac disease at inclusion, were included from The Danish Cardiovascular Screening trial (DANCAVAS). A randomized controlled trial with the primary aim to evaluate the health benefits and costeffectiveness of using non-contrast full truncus computer tomography (CT) scans (to measure coronary artery calcification (CAC) and identify aortic/iliac aneurysms) and measurements of the ankle brachial blood pressure index (ABI) as part of a multifocal screening and intervention program for cardiovascular disease in men aged 65-74.

Acronym DIABECHO
Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Observational Model: Cohort

Time Perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov