Self-regulated Constraint-induced Movement Therapy in Subacute Stroke Patients

Self-regulated Constraint-induced Movement Therapy in Subacute Stroke Patients

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: University of Western Sydney

Collaborator: The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Source University of Western Sydney
Brief Summary

Emerging research suggests the use of self-regulation (SR) strategies at improving functional regain in patients with brain injury. SR is proposed to produce an added effect to the effective constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT). This study aimed to examine the efficacy of a self-regulated CIMT program (SR-CIMT) for function regain of patients with subacute stroke. It was hypothesized that participants receiving the combined treatment (SR and CIMT) would have a better functional regain.

Detailed Description

Background - Emerging research suggests the use of self-regulation (SR) strategies at improving functional regain in patients with brain injury. SR is proposed to produce an added effect to the effective constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT).

Objective - This study aimed to examine the efficacy of a self-regulated CIMT program (SR-CIMT) for function regain of patients with sub-acute stroke.

Methods - Seventy-six patients were randomly assigned to the self-regulated constraint-induced movement therapy (SR-CIMT; n=25), constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT; n=27) or conventional functional rehabilitation (control; n=24) groups, and completed the trial.

The SR-CIMT intervention was two-week therapist-guided training using the SR strategy to reflect on the relearning of functional tasks with CIMT. Outcome measurements were for upper limb function (Action Research Arm Test, ARAT, Fugl-Meyer Assessment, FMA), daily task performance (Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale, Lawton IADL) and self-perceived functional ability (Motor Activity Log, MAL) at pre and post intervention intervals, and at one month follow up.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date September 2008
Completion Date October 2010
Primary Completion Date October 2010
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change from baseline in Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale after the intervention Baseline and after the intervention (2 weeks)
Change from baseline in Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale at one month after the intervention completed Baseline and one month after the intervention completed (1 month and 2 weeks)
Change from baseline in Action Research Arm Test after the intervention Baseline and after the intervention (2 weeks)
Change from baseline in Action Research Arm Test at one month after the intervention completed Baseline and one month after the intervention completed (1 month and 2 weeks)
Change from baseline in Fugl Meyer Assessment, upper extremity motor subsection after the intervention Baseline and after the intervention (2 weeks)
Change from baseline in Fugl Meyer Assessment, upper extremity motor subsection at one month after the intervention completed Baseline and one month after the intervention completed (1 month and 2 weeks)
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change from baseline in Motor Activity Log-28 after the intervention Baseline and after the intervention (2 weeks)
Change from baseline in Motor Activity Log-28 at one month after the intervention completed Baseline and one month after the intervention completed (1 month and 2 weeks)
Enrollment 76
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Other

Intervention name: Self-regulated constraint-induced movement therapy

Description: There were 10 tasks to practice in total, they included fold laundry, put clothes on hanger, brush teeth, dress upper garment, dress lower garment in week one; and use telephone, prepare a cup of tea, sweep floor, wash towel, wash dishes in week two. In the 4 hours when the participants had their non-hemiplegic arm in the restrain, they received one hour therapist-guided training using SR strategy on task relearning as described above. Therefore, all participants received 10 one-hour therapist-guided training sessions (daily on weekdays, total two weeks). The intervention was delivered by occupational therapist. For the rest of the 3 hours in the restrain, the participants' wearing of the restrain was monitored by the nursing staff in the ward.

Arm group label: Self-regulated constraint-induced movement therapy

Intervention type: Other

Intervention name: Constraint-induced movement therapy

Description: They practised the same 10 tasks as in the SR-CIMT and control groups. The same as the experimental intervention group (SR-CIMT), in the 4 hours when the participants had their non-hemiplegic arm in the restrain, they received one hour therapist-guided training using the strategy on task relearning as described above. Therefore, all participants received 10 one-hour therapist-guided training sessions (daily on weekdays, total two weeks). The intervention was delivered by occupational therapist. For the rest of the 3 hours in the restrain, the participants' wearing of the restrain was monitored by the nursing staff in the ward.

Arm group label: Constraint-induced movement therapy

Intervention type: Other

Intervention name: Conventional occupational therapy

Description: They practised the same 10 tasks as in the SR-CIMT group described above. They received training for 2 weeks, 5 days a week (therapy days), the same as in the SR-CIMT and CIMT groups.

Arm group label: Conventional occupational therapy

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- sustained an ischemic type stroke with lesion in the primary or motor cortical areas resulting in hemiplegia,

- had stroke onset of less than 3 months,

- were aged above 60, and

- had 10 degree active extension in metacarpophalangeal joint and interphalangeal joint, 20 degree active extension of wrist joint

Exclusion Criteria:

- had excessive spasticity in the affected limb, as defined by a score of 2 or more on the Modified Ashworth Scale,

- had excessive pain in the affected limb, as defined by a score 4 or more using a Visual Analog Scale,

- had a score below 19 on the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), and

- had diagnosed of depression according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV (DSM-IV) criteria

Gender: All

Minimum age: 60 Years

Maximum age: N/A

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Karen P.Y. Liu, PhD Principal Investigator University of Western Sydney
Location
facility
Shatin Hospital | Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Pok Oi Hospital | Yuen Long, Hong Kong
Location Countries

Hong Kong

Verification Date

June 2015

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Principal Investigator

Investigator affiliation: University of Western Sydney

Investigator full name: Karen Liu

Investigator title: Associate Professor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 3
Arm Group

Arm group label: Self-regulated constraint-induced movement therapy

Arm group type: Experimental

Description: Self-regulated constraint-induced movement therapy (SR-CIMT) - participants' non-hemiplegic arm was restrained in a mitt for 4 hours every day, 2 weeks, 5 days a week (therapy days) (CIMT) (the same CIMT protocol as in the CIMT group described under 'comparator/control treatment'); participants were taught using the self-regulation (SR) strategy to relearn the tasks; SR strategy involved participants self reflecting on their abilities and deficits in performing the tasks, identifying problems and solutions in achieving the most independence in the tasks, and then actually carrying out the tasks.

Arm group label: Constraint-induced movement therapy

Arm group type: Active Comparator

Description: In the constraint-induced movement therapy group (CIMT), participants' non-hemiplegic arm was restrained in a mitt for 4 hours every day, 2 weeks, 5 days a week (therapy days); therapist provided demonstration on the adapted task performance with one arm (the side of participants' hemiplegic arm), and participants to practice the tasks with the unrestrained hemiplegic arm under supervision.

Arm group label: Conventional occupational therapy

Arm group type: Active Comparator

Description: It involved therapist to demonstrate the adapted task performance followed by patient's practice under supervision.

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention model: Parallel Assignment

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov