TheRapeutic Effect of Different immunosuppressAnts on Non-Thymoma Ocular Myasthenia Gravis: a Real-world Study

TheRapeutic Effect of Different immunosuppressAnts on Non-Thymoma Ocular Myasthenia Gravis: a Real-world Study

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Tang-Du Hospital

Source Tang-Du Hospital
Brief Summary

This study collects the clinical data of new-onset ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG) patients, assesses outcomes and adverse effects of different treatment options, and evaluate risk factors of conversion to generalized MG(GMG).

Detailed Description

This is a multicenter, observational cohort trial in the real-world clinical setting recruiting new-onset OMG patients from Neurology Departments of 7 hospitals in different regions of China. Clinical manifestations, laboratory test results, chest imaging and history of thymectomy are recorded. Treatment option are determined according to the physician's judgment and preferences of the patients. Patients are followed up prospectively on regular to assess the outcomes of treatments and monitor any side effects. Peripheral blood samples are collected annually. The investigators plan to recruit a final sample of 200 patients for analysis.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date November 4, 2019
Completion Date November 4, 2024
Primary Completion Date November 4, 2024
Study Type Observational [Patient Registry]
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Conversion rate from ocular to generalized MG at the last follow-up visit. 144 weeks
Changes in the ratio of patients who achieve the level 2 of MG Status and Treatment Intensity (MGSTI) scale or better. Baseline, 12 weeks, 24 weeks, 36 weeks, 48 weeks, 60 weeks, 72 weeks, 96 weeks, 120 weeks, 144 weeks
Changes in proportion of patients with treatment-related adverse events. Baseline, 12 weeks, 24 weeks, 36 weeks, 48 weeks, 60 weeks, 72 weeks, 96 weeks, 120 weeks, 144 weeks
Changes in scores of Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis (QMG) scale and of Absolute and Relative Score of MG(ARS-MG) scales from Baseline. 12 weeks, 24 weeks, 36 weeks, 48 weeks, 60 weeks, 72 weeks, 96 weeks, 120 weeks, 144 weeks
Changes in scores of MG-specific Activities of Daily Living (MG-ADL) scale from Baseline. 12 weeks, 24 weeks, 36 weeks, 48 weeks, 60 weeks, 72 weeks, 96 weeks, 120 weeks, 144 weeks
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Changes in titers of MG antibodies. Baseline, 48 weeks, 96 weeks, 144 weeks
Improvement of repeated frequency electrical stimulation tests (RNS) and single fiber electromyography (SFEMG). 12 weeks, 24 weeks, 36 weeks, 48 weeks, 60 weeks, 72 weeks, 96 weeks, 120 weeks, 144 weeks
Relapse rate during follow-up period. Baseline, 144 weeks
Enrollment 200
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Symptomatic Treatment, Steroids, Immunosuppressive Agents( azathioprine, tacrolimus, Mycophenolate Mofetil)

Description: Treatment regimens are determined according to the physician's judgment and preferences of the patients.

Arm Group Label: Patients with autoimmune ocular MG

Other Name: Pyridostigmine Bromide, Prednisone,Azathioprine, Tacrolimus, Mycophenolate Mofetil,

Eligibility

Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Age >18 years and<75 years;

2. Clinical Diagnosis of MG with supporting evidence:

Patients with ocular muscle type MG who have never received treatment meet one of the diagnoses (1) and (2)-(5): (1) The patient's symptoms involve the extraocular muscles, except for drooping eyelids and diplopia, no other clinical symptoms; (2) unequivocal clinical response to pyridostigmine; (3) positive acetylcholine receptor antibody or musk antibody; (4) decrement of more than 10% in repetitive nerve stimulations study (RNS); (5) the "trembling" of the single fiber electromyography (SFEMG) is broadened with or without blockade;

3. Willingness to sample collection, imaging study and other disease-related examinations and assessments;

4. The results of pregnancy tests for female subjects with fertility during the screening period should be negative and effective contraception was used by the patient and her spouse during the study period;

5. Patients with informed consent;

6. Predicted survival time is longer than 3 years.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. History of chronic degenerative, psychiatric, or neurologic disorder other than MG that can produce weakness or fatigue;

2. Patients who may have other diseases that may lead to eyelid drooping, peripheral muscle weakness or diplopia;

3. Age ≤18 years or ≥75 years;

4. Patients who have been taking glucocorticoids or associated immunosuppressants due to other immune system diseases;

5. Patients who cannot use immunosuppressants due to other chronic diseases;

6. Patients who are unable to cooperate with follow-up and self-assessment due to severe mental illness or cognitive impairment;

7. Pregnant women, lactating women and patients with fertility plans during the trial;

8. Patients who have suffered from severe infections or malignant tumors in the last 1 month and are unable to receive immunosuppressants treatments;

9. Patients who are not willing to cooperate with repeated frequency electrical stimulation tests and chest CT examinations;

10. Patients who are not willing to participate in this study;

11. Patients who are unable to sign informed consent;

12. Predicted survival time is shorter than 3 years;

13. Patients who are not suitable to participated in the trial after researchers' assessment.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 75 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Jun Guo Study Chair Tangdu Hospital, Air Force Military Medical University
Overall Contact

Last Name: Jun Guo, M.D.

Phone: 86-29-8477 8844

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Status: Contact: Tangdu Hospotal Jun Guo, M.D. 86-29-8477 8844 [email protected]
Location Countries

China

Verification Date

December 2019

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Tang-Du Hospital

Investigator Full Name: Jun Guo, MD

Investigator Title: Associate Professor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Label: Patients with autoimmune ocular MG

Description: Newly-onset OMG patients who agreed to join the follow-up cohort

Acronym TREAT-OMG
Study Design Info

Observational Model: Cohort

Time Perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov