A Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Efgartigimod in Adult Patients With Primary Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP)

A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Efgartigimod (ARGX 113) 10 mg/kg Intravenous in Adult Patients With Primary Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP)

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: argenx

Source argenx
Brief Summary

This is a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled multicenter phase 3 trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ARGX-113 in patients with primary ITP.

Overall Status Withdrawn
Start Date June 29, 2020
Completion Date September 1, 2021
Primary Completion Date September 1, 2021
Phase Phase 3
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Number of cumulative weeks over the planned 24 week treatment period with platelet counts of ≥50×10^9/L in patients with chronic ITP. Up to 24 weeks
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Number of cumulative weeks over the planned 24-week treatment period with platelet counts of ≥50×10^09/L in the overall population (chronic and persistent ITP). Up to 24 weeks
Proportion of patients in the overall population with a sustained platelet count response defined as achieving platelet counts of ≥50×10^9/L for at least 4 of the 6 visits between week 19 and 24 of the trial Up to 6 weeks
Proportion of patients in the overall population achieving platelet counts of ≥50×10^9/L for at least 6 of the 8 visits between week 17 and 24 of the trial Up to 8 weeks
Proportion of patients in the overall population with overall platelet count response defined as achieving a platelet count of ≥50×10^9/L on at least 4 occasions at any time during the treatment period Up to 24 weeks
Extent of disease control defined as the number of cumulative weeks until week 12, with platelet counts of ≥50×10^9/L in the overall population Up to 12 weeks
Proportion of patients in the overall population with overall platelet count response defined as achieving a platelet count of ≥50×10^9/L on at least 4 occasions at any time until week 12 Up to 12 weeks
Mean change from baseline in platelet count at each visit in the overall population. Up to 31 weeks
Time to response defined as the time to achieve 2 consecutive platelet counts of ≥50×10^9/L in the overall population Up to 31 weeks
The number of cumulative weeks over the treatment period with platelet counts of ≥30×10^9/L and ≥20×10^9/L above baseline in the overall population Up to 24 weeks
In patients with baseline platelet count of <15×10^9/L, the number of cumulative weeks over the treatment period with platelet counts of ≥30×10^9/L and ≥20×10^9/L above baseline in the overall population Up to 31 weeks
Incidence and severity of the World Health Organization (WHO)-classified bleeding events in the overall population Up to 31 weeks
Rate of receipt of rescue therapy (rescue per patient per month) Up to 31 weeks
Proportion of patients for whom dose and/or frequency of concurrent ITP therapies have increased at week 12 or later Up to 24 weeks
Incidence and severity of adverse events (AEs), AEs of special interest (AESIs)and serious AEs (SAEs). Up to 31 weeks
Vital signs, electrocardiogram (ECG), and laboratory assessments Up to 31 weeks
Change from baseline in PRO (FACIT-Fatigue, Fact-Th6) at planned visits Up to 31 weeks
Change from baseline in QoL (SF-36) at planned visits Up to 31 weeks
Incidence of anti-drug antibodies (ADA) to efgartigimod Up to 31 weeks
Pharmacokinetic parameters of efgartigimod : maximum observed serum concentration (Cmax) Up to 31 weeks
Pharmacokinetic parameters of efgartigimod : serum concentration observed predose (Cthrough) Up to 31 weeks
Pharmacodynamics markers: total immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgG isotypes (IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4), antiplatelet antibody levels Up to 31 weeks
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Biological

Intervention Name: efgartigimod

Description: Intravenous infusion of efgartigimod

Arm Group Label: efgartigimod

Other Name: ARGX-113

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Placebo

Description: Intravenous infusion of placebo

Arm Group Label: placebo

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Ability to understand the requirements of the trial and provide written informed consent (including consent for the use and disclosure of research related health information), willing and able to comply with the trial protocol procedures (including attending the required trial visits). - Male/female aged ≥18 years at the time the informed consent form (ICF) is signed. - Confirmed diagnosis of ITP made at least 3 months before randomization and based on the American Society of Hematology Criteria, and without a known etiology for thrombocytopenia. - Diagnosis supported by a response to a prior ITP therapy (other than TPO RAs), in the opinion of the investigator. - Mean platelet count of <30×10^9/L from 2 counts during the screening period including the predose count at visit 1. Additionally, a documented history of a platelet count of <30×109/L prior to screening. - At the start of the trial, the patient either takes concurrent ITP treatment(s) and has received at least 1 prior therapy for ITP in the past, or the patient does not take treatment for ITP but has received at least 2 prior treatments for ITP. Patients receiving permitted concurrent ITP treatment(s) at baseline, must have been stable in dose and frequency for at least 4 weeks prior to randomization. Permitted concurrent ITP medications include oral corticosteroids, oral immunosuppressants, dapsone/danazol, fostamatinib, and/or oral TPO-RAs. Patients not receiving concurrent ITP therapy are also eligible for the trial if they have not received prior ITP therapy for at least 4 weeks prior to baseline, and 6 months in case of prior ITP therapy with an anti-CD20 therapy (eg, rituximab). - Women of childbearing potential: Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and a negative urine pregnancy test at baseline before trial medication can be administered. Women must be on a stable regimen for at least 1 month of at least 1 highly effective method of contraception (ie, failure rate of less than 1% per year) during the trial and for 90 days after the last administration of the IMP. - Non-sterilized male patients who are sexually active with a female partner of childbearing potential must use effective contraception from signing the ICF through 90 days after the last administration of the IMP. Male patients practicing true sexual abstinence (as consistent with preferred and usual lifestyle) can be included. Sterilized male patients who have had a vasectomy and with documented absence of sperm postprocedure can be included. Male patients are not allowed to donate sperm from signing the ICF through 90 days after the last dose of the IMP. Exclusion Criteria: - ITP/thrombocytopenia associated with another condition, eg, lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, viral infection, hepatitis, induced or alloimmune thrombocytopenia, or thrombocytopenia associated with myeloid dysplasia. - Use of anticoagulants (eg, vitamin K antagonists, direct oral anticoagulants) within 4 weeks prior to randomization. - Use of any transfusions within 4 weeks prior to randomization. - Use of Ig (IV, subcutaneous, or intramuscular route) or plasmapheresis (PLEX), 4 weeks prior to randomization. - Use of romiplostim within 4 weeks prior to randomization. - Undergone splenectomy less than 4 weeks prior to randomization. - Use of an investigational product within 3 months or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) before the first dose of the IMP. - Use of any monoclonal antibody within the 6 months before the first dose of the IMP. - At the screening visit, clinically significant laboratory abnormalities as below: Hemoglobin ≤9 g/dL - OR - International normalized ratio >1.5 or activated partial thromboplastin time >1.5×ULN - OR - Total IgG <6 g/L. - History of malignancy unless deemed cured by adequate treatment with no evidence of recurrence for ≥3 years before the first administration of the IMP. Patients with the following cancer can be included at any time: Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, Carcinoma in situ of the cervix, Carcinoma in situ of the breast, Incidental histological finding of prostate cancer (TNM stage T1a or T1b) - Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as a repeated elevated blood pressure exceeding 160 mmHg (systolic) and/or 100 mmHg (diastolic) despite appropriate treatments. - History of a major thrombotic or embolic event (eg, myocardial infarction, stroke, deep venous thrombosis, or pulmonary embolism) within 12 months prior to randomization. - History of coagulopathy or hereditary thrombocytopenia or a family history of thrombocytopenia. - Clinical evidence of other significant serious diseases, have had a recent major surgery, or who have any other condition in the opinion of the investigator, that could confound the results of the trial or put the patient at undue risk. - Positive serum test at screening for an active viral infection with any of the following conditions: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) that is indicative of an acute or chronic infection, Hepatitis C virus (HCV) based on HCV-antibody assay, Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) based on test results that are associated with an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining condition or a CD4 count <200 cells/mm3. - Clinical evidence of significant unstable or uncontrolled acute or chronic diseases other than ITP (eg, cardiovascular, pulmonary, hematologic, gastrointestinal, endocrine, hepatic, renal, neurological, malignancy, infectious diseases, uncontrolled diabetes) despite appropriate treatments, which could put the patient at undue risk. - Known hypersensitivity reaction to efgartigimod or 1 of its excipients. - Previously participated in a clinical trial with efgartigimod. - Pregnant or lactating females and those who intend to become pregnant during the trial or within 90 days after last dose of the IMP. - Clinically significant uncontrolled active or chronic bacterial, viral, or fungal infection at screening. - Any other known autoimmune disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with an accurate assessment of clinical symptoms of ITP or put the patient at undue risk. - Current or history of (ie, within 12 months of screening) alcohol, drugs, or medication abuse.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Verification Date

September 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: efgartigimod

Type: Experimental

Description: Patients receiving an intravenous infusion of efgartigimod

Label: placebo

Type: Placebo Comparator

Description: Patients receiving an intravenous infusion of placebo

Acronym ADVANCE2
Patient Data Undecided
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov