ADAMTS13-related Prognostic Factors in Adult and Pediatric Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

ADAMTS13 in Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Source Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Brief Summary

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a thrombotic microangiopathy defined by the spontaneous formation of platelet thrombi in the microvessels. These platelet microthrombi are responsible for a mechanical hemolytic anemia, a thrombocytopenia and a multivisceral ischemia. TTP is a rare but life-threatening disease in the absence of appropriate treatment (PLASMATHERAPY). The onset of the disease usually occurs in adulthood (MOSCHCOVITZ syndrome) and rarely in childhood (UPSHAW-SCHULMAN syndrome). TTP is either sporadic or recurrent with multiple unpredictable relapses. TTP pathophysiology has remained obscure until a new metalloprotease, ADAMTS13, has been demonstrated to be involved in about 90% of all cases. Physiologically, ADAMTS13 function consists in limiting the size of von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers and consequently, their hemostatic capacity. A large majority of TTP is associated with a severe deficiency of ADAMTS13. In most cases, ADAMTS13 severe deficiency is acquired via auto-antibodies to ADAMTS13; more rarely, ADAMTS13 deficiency is hereditary via ADAMTS13 gene mutations. ADAMTS13 auto-antibodies are either inhibitory of the catalytic activity or non inhibitory. ADAMTS13 mutations are spread all over the gene.

TTP prognosis is quite heterogeneous. Indeed, in about one third of the patients, TTP is refractory to PLASMATHERAPY and/or chronic relapsing. Until now, TTP prognosis factors are not known. Their identification is however crucial both to adapt the curative treatment of an acute episode (addition of first intention immunosuppressive agents to PLASMATHERAPY) and to prevent relapses.

In this context, the aim of the current project is to identify some ADAMTS13 related prognosis factors in TTP. A national prospective multicenter study including both adult and pediatric patients with TTP related to a severe ADAMTS13 deficiency will be designed over a three-year period. This study will involve our group as the French reference center for ADAMTS13 and 10 clinical departments from various French hospitals. Patients will be tested for ADAMTS13 activity and antigen, ADAMTS13 antibodies and ADAMTS13 gene sequencing. Our main hypothesis is that the inactivation of the ADAMTS13 domains crucial for its catalytic activity, either by inhibitory auto-antibodies (acquired TTP) or by genetic mutations (hereditary TTP) is a major bad prognosis factor.

Detailed Description

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a thrombotic microangiopathy defined by the spontaneous formation of platelet thrombi in the microvessels. These platelet microthrombi are responsible for a mechanical hemolytic anemia, a thrombocytopenia and a multivisceral ischemia. TTP is a rare but life-threatening disease in the absence of appropriate treatment (PLASMATHERAPY). The onset of the disease usually occurs in adulthood (MOSCHCOVITZ syndrome) and rarely in childhood (UPSHAW-SCHULMAN syndrome). TTP is either sporadic or recurrent with multiple unpredictable relapses. TTP pathophysiology has remained obscure until a new metalloprotease, ADAMTS13, has been demonstrated to be involved in about 90% of all cases. Physiologically, ADAMTS13 function consists in limiting the size of von WILLBRAND factor (VWF) multimers and consequently, their hemostatic capacity. A large majority of TTP is associated with a severe deficiency of ADAMTS13 activity leading to the accumulation of ultra large VWF multimers in plasma inducing the formation of platelet microthrombi in the microcirculation. In most cases, ADAMTS13 severe deficiency is acquired via auto-antibodies to ADAMTS13; more rarely, ADAMTS13 deficiency is hereditary via ADAMTS13 gene mutations. ADAMTS13 auto-antibodies are either inhibitory of the catalytic activity or non inhibitory. ADAMTS13 mutations are spread all over the gene.

TTP prognosis is quite heterogeneous. Indeed, in about one third of the patients, TTP is refractory to PLASMATHERAPY and/or chronic relapsing. Until now, TTP prognosis factors are not known. Their identification is however crucial both to adapt the curative treatment of an acute episode (addition of first intention immunosuppressive agents to PLASMATHERAPY) and to prevent relapses.

In this context, the aim of the current project is to identify some ADAMTS13 related prognosis factors in TTP. A national prospective multicenter study including both adult and pediatric patients with TTP related to a severe ADAMTS13 deficiency will be designed over a three-year period. This study will involve our group as the French reference center for ADAMTS13 and about 50 clinical departments from various French hospitals. Patients will be tested for ADAMTS13 activity and antigen, ADAMTS13 antibodies and ADAMTS13 gene sequencing. Our main hypothesis is that the inactivation of the ADAMTS13 domains crucial for its catalytic activity, either by inhibitory auto-antibodies (acquired TTP) or by genetic mutations (hereditary TTP) is a major bad prognosis factor.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date November 2006
Completion Date April 2011
Primary Completion Date March 2009
Study Type Observational
Enrollment 153
Condition
Eligibility

Sampling method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- clinical suspicion of TTP

- Hemoglobin level < 10 g/dl (adult) or < 12 g/dl (child)

- Platelet level < 150 giga/l

- ADAMTS13 activity < 5%

Exclusion Criteria:

- Cancer

- Organ graft

- HIV infection

Gender: All

Minimum age: N/A

Maximum age: N/A

Healthy volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Location
facility Hôpital Antoine Béclère
Location Countries

France

Verification Date

April 2011

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Acronym ADAMTS13
Study Design Info

Observational model: Case-Only

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov