Determinants of Neonatal Iron Homeostasis in Women Carrying Multiples

Determinants of Neonatal Anemia in Women Carrying Multiples


Lead sponsor: Cornell University

Collaborator: University of Rochester

Source Cornell University
Brief Summary

Multiple births in the United States are rapidly increasing in large part due to assisted reproductive technologies. Recent data indicate that multiple births now comprise 3-4.5% of all births in the United States. Pregnant women are at risk for iron (Fe) deficiency anemia yet there are virtually no data on Fe status in women carrying multiples and current recommendations do not necessitate Fe screening among this high risk group. Maternal anemia is known to increase the risk of adverse birth outcomes including preterm birth and low birth weight. Moreover, the developing brain is increasingly recognized to be susceptible to Fe insufficiency in utero and growing data support that suboptimal Fe stores at birth are associated with long-term irreversible cognitive deficits in the offspring. To address these gaps in knowledge the investigators will monitor weight gain, hematological measures, Fe status indicators and serum hepcidin across pregnancy in approximately 120 women carrying twins and triplets. Determinants of maternal anemia will be identified. Neonatal hematological measures will be assessed in cord blood from each neonate at birth for assessment of hematological measures, Fe status and hepcidin. Determinants of neonatal anemia will be identified. Inflammatory markers will be measured in all blood samples and related to outcomes. Stable iron isotopes will be given to a subset of women to assess maternal Fe absorption and fetal Fe uptake.

Detailed Description

Pregnant women (n=100-125) carrying multiples (twins and triplets) will be identified when entering prenatal care. Women will be invited to participate in a longitudinal study of Fe homeostasis across pregnancy and at delivery in the maternal / neonatal dyad. In all maternal and cord blood samples obtained, whole blood will be analyzed for hemoglobin, hematocrit, reticulocyte count, erythrocyte count, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular Hb concentration, mean corpuscular volume, and red cell distribution width using standard procedures. Circulating Fe status indicators (serum iron, ferritin, C-reactive protein, IL-6, erythropoietin, transferrin receptor and hepcidin) and serum folate and vitamin B12 will be measured. Distributions of each variable will be examined and associations among variables will be explored. Multiple linear regression models will be constructed to examine specific relations between a) determinants of Fe deficiency anemia in the mother; b) Fe status indicators in the mother vs. those in the neonate; c) Fe status indicators in the mother and neonate with placental Fe binding proteins; and d) neonatal Fe status between siblings.

Overall Status Active, not recruiting
Start Date July 2011
Completion Date December 2020
Primary Completion Date December 2017
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Maternal iron status Biochemical measures will be obtained whenever women have blood drawn across pregnancy (there are no fixed time points for sampling). These will be obtained over an approximate 36 week interval
Neonatal iron status at birth Umbilical cord blood will be collected at birth
Determinants of inter- and intra-uterine variance of neonatal iron status Umbilical cord blood will be collected at birth
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Effect of maternal Fe status on placental iron transporter expression Participants will be followed over the course of gestation from approximately week 12 of pregnancy until term
Maternal iron absorption and Fe57 enrichment in cord blood Participants will be given 10 mg of stable iron between week 27-32 of gestation. Blood will be drawn 2 weeks post-dosing and maternal and umbilical cord blood will be obtained at delivery
Enrollment 350

Sampling method: Non-Probability Sample


Inclusion Criteria:

- The investigators anticipate that the majority of these women will be recruited early in gestation because many of these pregnancies are a result of assisted reproductive technology.

- Eligible volunteers will be otherwise healthy and have no diagnosed, preexisting medical conditions known to impact iron homeostasis

Exclusion Criteria:

- Hemoglobinopathies,

- Preexisting diabetes,

- Malabsorption diseases

Gender: Female

Minimum age: 19 Years

Maximum age: 45 Years

Healthy volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Kimberly O'Brien, PhD Principal Investigator Cornell University
facility Strong Memorial Hospital
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

February 2020

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Arm Group

Arm group label: Pregnant women carrying multiples

Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Observational model: Cohort

Time perspective: Prospective