Practice Based Nutrition Intervention-2

Practice Based Nutrition Intervention-2

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine

Source Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
Brief Summary

This study aims to test hypotheses that are potentially important to diabetes management, with practical implications for reducing the medical, personal, and economic costs of the disease. Anticipated outcomes include reductions in glycosylated hemoglobin that are significantly greater than those achievable with current diet recommendations, reductions in medication use among many intervention-group participants, beneficial changes in body weight and serum lipid concentrations, and a demonstration of the acceptability of the intervention diet. Progress toward these goals could refine dietary guidance for individuals with diabetes, increase treatment expectations, and reduce the massive burden the disease currently imposes.

The study further attempts to translate a dietary intervention studied in a clinical research setting to a medical practice. This will contribute to developing a model for diabetes care that can be used widely.

Detailed Description

Specific Aim 1 tests the hypothesis that the nutrition intervention (low-fat, low-GI, vegan diet; henceforth called the 'vegan diet') improves glycemic control, body weight, plasma lipid concentrations, blood pressure, and indices of renal function in a within-group analysis.

Glycosylated hemoglobin is the primary dependent variable, as well as fasting plasma glucose and urinary albumin and creatinine concentrations. The within-group changes in these variables from baseline to week 20, one-year follow-up will be compared.

Specific Aim 2 tests the hypothesis that the vegan diet is more effective than standard nutrition care for improving glycemic control, body weight, plasma lipid concentrations, blood pressure, and indices of renal function in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Glycosylated hemoglobin is the primary dependent variable, as well as fasting plasma glucose and urinary albumin and creatinine concentrations in both the intervention and control groups. The between-groups differences in the changes in these variables from baseline to week 20, and one-year follow-up will be compared.

Specific Aim 3 tests the hypothesis that the vegan diet is sustainable among individuals with type 2 diabetes for a 20-week period, with weekly classes, and in a follow-up period of one year with limited professional support.

This will be assessed by 3-day dietary records at weeks 0, 20 and one-year follow-up.

Specific Aim 4 tests the hypothesis that the vegan diet has an acceptability that is comparable to that of standard nutrition care among individuals with type 2 diabetes.

This hypothesis will be addressed by quantitatively assessing adherence to and acceptability of the intervention and control diets, using the 3-day dietary record, the Food Acceptability Questionnaire, and the Eating Inventory, as described below.

Specific Aim 5 tests the hypothesis that the effects of the dietary interventions on A1c and body weight are reduced in individuals with the A1 and B1 alleles of the DRD2 gene.

This will be assessed through Taq1 A1 and B1 genotype determination at baseline.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date July 2014
Completion Date July 2015
Primary Completion Date July 2015
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
hemoglobin A1C (diabetes management) 20 weeks
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Body Weight 20 Weeks
Blood Pressure 20 Weeks
Glucose 20 Weeks
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel 20 Weeks & one-year follow up
Serum cholesterol and triacylglycerol concentrations 20 Weeks
Urinary albumin and creatinine 20 Weeks
Genotyping for Taq1 A and Taq1 B polymorphisms, and APOE (Apolipoprotein E) 20 Weeks
Waist and hip circumference 20 Weeks
Dietary Acceptability 20 Weeks
3-day dietary records 20 Weeks
International Physical Activity Questionnaire 20 Weeks
Food Acceptability Questionnaire 20 Weeks
Eating Inventory 20 Weeks
CESD-R (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale: Review and revision) 20 Weeks
Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) 20 Weeks
Height 20 Weeks
24-Hour Multi-Pass Dietary Recalls 20 Weeks
Enrollment 15
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Vegan diet

Description: A diet devoid of any animal products. Low-fat, low-Glycemic Index, vegan diet.

Arm Group Label: Vegan Group

Other Name: Plant-based diet

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: American Diabetes Association guidelines

Description: Participants will follow individualized diet plans following ADA guidelines

Arm Group Label: American Diabetes Association guidelines

Other Name: ADA

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus, as defined by a fasting plasma glucose concentration ≥126 mg/dl on 2 occasions or a prior physician's diagnosis of type 2 diabetes with the use of hypoglycemic medications for at least 6 months

2. male or female

3. A1c between 6.5% and 10.5%

4. age at least 18 years

5. ability and willingness to participate in all components of the study

6. willingness to be assigned to either a low-fat, vegan diet or to standard care

7. diabetes medications unchanged for 1 month prior to volunteering for the study

8. patient of Dr. Mark Sklar

Exclusion Criteria:

1. body mass index >45 kg/m2

2. alcohol consumption of more than 2 drinks per day or the equivalent, episodic increased drinking (e.g., more than 2 drinks per day on weekends), or a history of alcohol abuse or dependency followed by any current use

3. use of recreational drugs in the past 6 months (past drug use, if fully recovered, is not a criteria for exclusion)

4. pregnancy

5. history of severe mental illness (with current unstable status)

6. likely to be disruptive in group sessions (as determined by research staff)

7. Signs/symptoms of acute uncontrolled diabetes (including but not limited to polyuria, polydipsia, blurred vision, uncontrolled weight loss)

8. unstable medical status

9. already following a low-fat, vegetarian diet

10. an inordinate fear of blood draws

11. inability to maintain current medication regimen

12. lack of English fluency

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Neal Barnard, MD Principal Investigator Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
Location
Facility: Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
Location Countries

United States

Verification Date

October 2015

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Vegan Group

Type: Experimental

Description: Participants in the intervention group will follow a low-fat, vegan diet for 20 weeks, and will attend nutrition classes in the form of a weekly support group.

Label: American Diabetes Association guidelines

Type: Active Comparator

Description: Participants will follow ADA diet according to ADA regulations. This group will also receive weekly nutrition classes.

Acronym PBNI-2
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Masking: Single (Care Provider)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov