A Non-randomized, Phase II Study of Eltrombopag in Combination With Rabbit Anti-thymocyte Globulin/Cyclosporine A (ATG/CsA) in Subjects With Moderate or More Severe Aplastic Anemia Who Have Not Received Prior ATG/Anti-lymphocyte Globulin (ALG)-Based Immunosuppressive Therapy

Eltrombopag in Combination With Rabbit Anti-thymocyte Globulin/Cyclosporine A in Naive Aplastic Anemia (AA) Subjects

Sponsors

Lead sponsor: Novartis Pharmaceuticals

Source Novartis
Brief Summary

This was an open label, non-randomized, phase II study of eltrombopag in combination with rabbit ATG/CsA in subjects with moderate or more severe AA who did not received prior ATG/ALG-based immunosuppressive therapy. The objective was to assess additive effects of eltorombopag on overall response rate (ORR) at 6 months (Week 26) of treatment with ATG/CsA. Subjects were assessed at least weekly for safety during the period from the start of ATG/CsA to 4 weeks after the start of administration of eltrombopag. After that, subjects had visits every 2 weeks until Week 26. Subjects in whom the treatment was assessed as effective at Week 26 could continued treatment with eltrombopag after 6 months when clinically indicated at the discretion of the investigator. There were five follow-up visits: at discontinuation of the treatment of eltrombopag, and Weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 and 26 after treatment discontinuation. As this study was the first Japanese phase II study in which this product was administered in combination with ATG/CsA to subjects with naive moderate or more severe AA, the subject number of this study was determined to be 10 based on the feasibility survey.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date May 12, 2015
Completion Date September 6, 2017
Primary Completion Date July 5, 2016
Phase Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
ORR at 6 Months: Overall Response Rate (ORR) Defined as the Number of Participants Who Met the Criteria of Either Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) at Week 26 Week 26
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
ORR at 3 Months Week 14
Complete Response (CR), and Partial Response (PR) Rate at 3 Months Week 14
CR Rate Based on the Criteria Used in NIH 12-H-0150 Study at 6 Months Week 26
Changes in Hematology Parameters (Haemoglobin) in the Absence of Platelet Transfusion Week 26 and week 104
Changes in Hematology Parameters in the Absence of Platelet Transfusion Week 26 and week 104
Frequency of Platelet and Red Blood Cells (RBC) Transfusions Baseline, Week 26
Volume of Platelet and RBC Transfusions Baseline, Week 26
The Proportion of Subjects Whose Transfusion Unit (or Volume) Are Decreased or Who Became Transfusion (Platelet, RBC) Independent Week 26
Duration of Hospitalization Week 26
Time to Onset of CR and PR Week 26
Duration of CR or PR Week 104
Degree of Exposure to Eltrombopag : Average Daily Dose Week 104
Degree of Exposure to Eltrombopag : Cumulative Dose Week 104
Degree of Exposure to Eltrombopag : Days on Study Week 104
Number of Participants With Adverse Events though study completion , approximately 2 years
Vital Signs (Blood Pressure) as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability baseline and Week 26
12-lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) as Measure of Safety and Tolerability Baseline, Week 26
The Trough Concentrations of Eltrombopag Following Repeat Doses of at 75 mg, 50 mg and 25 mg day 15
The Concentration After 4 Hours of Dose of Eltrombopag 75 mg day 15
Composite of Laboratory Parameters Assessment as a Safety Measure (Haemoglobin and Albumin). Baseline, Week 26
Composite of Laboratory Parameters Assessment as a Safety Measure (Lymphocytes and Neutrophils). Baseline, Week 26
Composite of Laboratory Parameters Assessment as a Safety Measure (Alcaline Phosphatase and Aspartate Amino Transferase) . Baseline, Week 26
Composite of Laboratory Parameters Assessment as a Safety Measure. Baseline, Week 26
Vital Signs (Temperature) as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability baseline and Week 26
Vital Signs (Pulse Rate) as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability baseline and Week 26
Enrollment 10
Condition
Intervention

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Eltrombopag

Description: Eltrombopag was provided as white round film-coated tablets containing 12.5 mg or 25 mg of eltrombopag free acid (SB-497115-GR, eltrombopag).

Arm group label: Eltrombopag+rabbit ATG/CsA arm

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: Rabbit ATG

Description: Rabbit ATG, as an intravenous drip infusion, diluted by 500 mL of saline or 5% glucose injection was administered at a dose of 2.5 to 3.75 mg per kg per day as a slow intravenous infusion over 6 hours.

Arm group label: Eltrombopag+rabbit ATG/CsA arm

Intervention type: Drug

Intervention name: CsA

Description: CsA as capsules, oral solution, or fine granule, was administered at a dose of 3 mg per kg twice a day.

Arm group label: Eltrombopag+rabbit ATG/CsA arm

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Japanese subjects aged >=18 and <71 years at the time of informed consent. Note: subjects aged >=71 and <75 may be eligible when clinically indicated at the discretion of the investigator by mutual agreement with Novartis medical advisor.

- Diagnosed with moderate or more severe AA according to the diagnostic criteria of AA. The severity classification is: Stage I - Mild - Other than the stages below; Stage II - Moderate - At least two of the following conditions are met: Reticulocyte <60,000/microliter, Neutrophil <1,000/microliter, Platelet <50,000/microliter; Stage III - Moderately severe - At least two of the following conditions are met and regular red blood cell transfusion (a need for transfusion of >=2 units per month) is required: Reticulocyte <60,000/microliter, Neutrophil <1,000/microliter, Platelet <50,000/microliter; Stage IV - Severe - At least two of the following conditions are met: Reticulocyte <20,000/microliter, Neutrophil <500/microliter, Platelet <20,000/microliter; Stage V - Very severe - At least one of the following conditions is met in addition to neutrophil <200/microliter: Reticulocyte <20,000/microliter, Platelet <20,000/microliter.

- Subjects who are considered an indication for the treatment with rabbit ATG and CsA.

- Adequate baseline organ function defined by the following criteria: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST)<=3 × local upper limit of normal (ULN) Creatinine, total bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) <1.5 × local ULN (total bilirubin <2.5 × local ULN with Gilbert's Syndrome)

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS): 0 or 1

- Subjects with QTcF<450 millisecond (msec) or QTcF<480 msec with branch block: QTc is QT interval corrected by Fridericia formula (QTcF), machine ,or manual overread. QTcF is based on single or averaged QTc value of triplicate ECG.

- Subjects are able to understand and comply with protocol requirements and instructions.

- Subjects have signed and dated informed consent.

- Subjects who meet one of the following conditions: Male subjects who have a female partner of childbearing potential must either have a prior vasectomy or agree to use an acceptable method of contraception from time of enrollment in the study until 16 weeks after the last dose of eltrombopag (based upon the lifecycle of sperm). Female subjects of non-childbearing potential (who are physiologically unable to become pregnant) defined as: Premenopausal women with documented bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal women after at least 12 months of natural amenorrhea [if uncertain, postmenopausal state should be confirmed by hematology result of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) >40 milli-international units (mIU)/milliliter (mL) or estradiol <40 picogram (pg)/mL (<140 picomoles (pmol)/L)]. Female subjects of childbearing potential: Defined as those not meeting the definition of non-childbearing potential. Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to the first dose of ATG/CsA. It is recommended that the pregnancy test should be performed as close as possible to the first dose of ATG/CsA. Female subjects with a positive pregnancy test must be excluded from the study. Subjects with a negative pregnancy test must use acceptable contraception including abstinence after the pregnancy test. Subjects must agree to use the acceptable contraception including abstinence from 14 days prior to the first dose of ATG/CsA until 28 days after the last dose of eltrombopag.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Diagnosis of congenital AA (e.g. Fanconi anemia or Dyskeratosis congenital).

- Subjects who have a sibling donor with matched human leukocyte antigen (HLA) or who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) previously. However, such subjects may be enrolled if HSCT is not indicated, or the subject does not want to undergo HSCT.

- Subjects with abnormal chromosome (monosomy 7 detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), or other aberrations detected by G-band staining). Note: Subjects with abnormal chromosome which is not adopted into the clone definition of An International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature (ISCN) may be enrolled after consulting with medical monitor.

- Previous ATG/ALG-based immunosuppressive therapy or steroid pulse therapy for AA.

- Treatment with CsA within 6 months before administration of ATG.

- Subjects with a paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) clone size in granulocytes of >50% by flow cytometric analysis.

- Pre-existing cardiac disease (congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II/III/IV), or arrhythmias known to involve the risk of thromboembolic events (e.g. atrial fibrillation)

- Past history of thromboembolic event (including anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome) and current use of anticoagulants.

- Subjects with past or current malignancy. Note : Subjects who have a history of completely resected malignant tumor and have been disease-free for 5 years are eligible.

- Subjects who test positive for hepatitis B surface (HBs) antigen, hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody at screening.

- Infection not adequately responding to appropriate therapy.

- Subject with liver cirrhosis

- Subjects with any clinically significant severe cardiac, renal, or hepatic medical condition.

- Pregnant women (a positive serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to the first dose of ATG/CsA or lactating women) Note: Female subjects who are lactating are eligible to participate if they discontinue nursing prior to the first dose of ATG/CsA and refrain from nursing until 5 days after the completion of treatment with eltrombopag.

- Known hypersensitivity, intolerance or allergy to rabbit ATG, cyclosporine A, eltrombopag or any of their excipients.

- Current alcohol or drug abuse.

- Treatment with an investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) proceeding the first dose of ATG/CsA.

- Subjects who is not candidates for ATG.

- Subjects who is not candidates for CsA.

- History of treatment with eltrombopag, romiplostim or other thrombopoietin-receptor (TPO-R) agonists.

Gender: All

Minimum age: 18 Years

Maximum age: 75 Years

Healthy volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Novartis Pharmaceuticals Study Director Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Location
facility
Novartis Investigative Site | Aichi, 453-8511, Japan
Novartis Investigative Site | Aichi, 460-0001, Japan
Novartis Investigative Site | Ibaraki, 305-8576, Japan
Novartis Investigative Site | Ishikawa, 920-8641, Japan
Novartis Investigative Site | Miyagi, 981-1293, Japan
Novartis Investigative Site | Okayama, 700-0962, Japan
Novartis Investigative Site | Osaka, 530-0012, Japan
Novartis Investigative Site | Osaka, 543-8555, Japan
Novartis Investigative Site | Osaka, 565-0871, Japan
Novartis Investigative Site | Tochigi, 329-0498, Japan
Novartis Investigative Site | Tokyo, 141-8625, Japan
Location Countries

Japan

Verification Date

May 2019

Responsible Party

Responsible party type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Arm group label: Eltrombopag+rabbit ATG/CsA arm

Arm group type: Experimental

Description: Subjects received rabbit ATG diluted by 500 mL of saline or 5% glucose injection at a dose of 2.5 to 3.75 mg per kilogram (kg) per day for 5 days as a slow intravenous infusion over 6 hours. CsA was administered at a dose of 3 mg per kg twice a day from day 0. The dose level was adjusted based on the monitoring of blood level or renal function. Eltrombopag was initiated on day 14 and it could be delayed up to 2 weeks if the subject had infection, serum sickness, or other adverse events. Eltrombopag wasadministered orally once a day at fasting at an initial dose of 75 mg, and the dose adjusted every 2 weeks according to the platelet count. Eltrombopag and CsA were continued until Week 26.After Week 26, eligible subjects received eltrombopag; and CsA was tapered or maintained as per the investigator's discretion.

Study Design Info

Primary purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov