Rowing Away From Diabetes

Indoor Rowing in Adults With Impaired Glucose Regulation: a Pilot Study


Lead Sponsor: University of Leicester

Collaborator: Medtronic
Wellcome Trust

Source University of Leicester
Brief Summary

Primary research question: What is the effect of indoor rowing, under the ideal circumstances of a laboratory setting, on glucose control in adults with impaired glucose control?

Secondary research question: Is it possible to develop a full-scale study of the benefits of indoor rowing under the usual circumstances of a community setting?

Why? It is good practice to conduct a small pilot study before embarking on an expensive full-scale study.

What? Around 150 minutes of aerobic exercise and around 150 minutes of resistance exercise per week are necessary to meet prevailing recommendations for adults with impaired glucose control. Around 120 minutes of indoor rowing per week might be a less time-consuming alternative to prevailing recommendations because indoor rowing involves a combination of aerobic and resistance exercise.

Who? Twenty men and postmenopausal women aged 45-65 years with impaired glucose regulation, such as those with type 2 diabetes. Eligible volunteers will not have smoked in the last year, will not have exercised regularly in the last six months, and will not be taking any form of diabetes medication other than metformin. Eligible volunteers will have stable weight and a body mass index of 25-40.

Where and how? Before and after the exercise intervention, glucose control (postprandial blood glucose concentrations) will be assessed at Leicester Diabetes Centre and cardiac function (MRI) will be assessed at Glenfield Hospital. During the exercise intervention, participants will use an indoor rower three times per week for 12 weeks at Leicester Diabetes Centre. Participants will be taught how to row correctly and the duration and intensity will gradually increase. In order to inform the design of a full-scale trial, recruitment rate will be assessed, adherence will be monitored, and a third party will interview participants to find out if the intervention and assessments are feasible and acceptable.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date June 2015
Completion Date October 2016
Primary Completion Date October 2016
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change in Glucose control Changes from baseline (week 0) to post intervention (week 0 versus week 13 and week 0 versus week 14)
Change in Cardiac function Changes from baseline (week 0) to post intervention (week 13)
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Recruitment rate Response rate to up to seven months of recruitment
Feasibility and acceptability as assessed by Semi-structured interviews Semi-structured interviews will be conducted during (week 5 or 6) and after (week 14) the intervention
Change in Sample size in a full-scale trial Changes from baseline (week 0) to post intervention (week 13)
Enrollment 12

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: Indoor rowing

Arm Group Label: Exercise training



Inclusion Criteria:

- Participant is willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the study.

- Participant is willing to allow their general practitioner to be informed of any incidental findings.

- Eligible men will be 45 to 65 years of age.

- Eligible women will be 45 to 65 years of age and will be postmenopausal, defined as no menstrual period in the last 12 months.

- Body mass index of 25 to 40 kg·m-2.

- Stable weight, defined as self-reported weight change of less than 5 kg in the last six months.

- Impaired glucose regulation, defined as impaired fasting glucose (fasting plasma glucose of 5.6 to 6.9 mmol·l-1), or impaired glucose tolerance (two-hour plasma glucose in the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test of 7.8 to 11.0 mmol·l-1), or haemoglobin A1C of 6.0% or greater, or type 2 diabetes (fasting plasma glucose of 7.0 mmol·l-1 or greater on two occasions).

- Volunteers with type 2 diabetes will either be treatment naïve or will have been taking a stable dose of metformin for at least four weeks prior to study entry.

- White European ethnicity. There are ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease risk and prevailing definitions of dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance and diabetes cannot account for these differences (Forouhi et al., Diabetologia, 2006, 49, 2580-8; Tillin et al., Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 2013, 61, 1777-86). Therefore, in order to make valid inferences, the investigators will only include white Europeans on this occasion.

- Little or no participation in exercise: eligible volunteers will not have been exercising two or more times per week for 20 minutes or longer for the last six months.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Volunteers with type 2 diabetes will be excluded if they are taking any form of diabetes medication other than metformin.

- Known cardiovascular disease.

- Symptoms of angina.

- Resting systole blood pressure ≥180 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥110 mm Hg.

- Statin use.

- Beta-blocker use.

- Verapamil use.

- Hormone replacement therapy.

- Any smoking in the last year.

- Any absolute contraindication to exercise testing.

- Abnormal exercise test.

- Inability to undertake an exercise programme for any reason.

- Participation in a research study involving an investigational produce in the past 12 weeks.

- Female volunteers who are pregnant, lactating or planning pregnancy during the course of the study. Pregnancy will be discussed during the consent procedure and the investigators will provide those in any doubt with a pregnancy test kit.

- Chronic kidney disease (EGFR of ≤30).

- Any metal implants.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 45 Years

Maximum Age: 65 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Melanie Davies, MD Principal Investigator University of Leicester
Facility: Leicester Diabetes Centre
Location Countries

United Kingdom

Verification Date

May 2015

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Label: Exercise training

Type: Experimental

Description: All participants will receive usual care, including standard advice about diet and physical activity. In addition to usual care, participants will be asked to take part in a 12-week exercise programme. Participants will use an indoor rower (Concept 2, Model E) three times per week at Leicester Diabetes Centre. Each session will be supervised and the investigators will liaise with the participants to arrange convenient times to exercise, including mornings and evenings. The supervisors will teach the participants how to row correctly.

Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment

Masking: None (Open Label)