Mobilization and Collection of Peripheral Blood Stem Cells in Patients With Fanconi Anemia Using G-CSF and Plerixafor

Pilot Study Assessing the Feasibility of CD34+ Cells Mobilization and Collection After Treatment With G-CSF and Plerixafor in Patients With Fanconi Anemia for Subsequent Treatment by Gene Therapy

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Collaborator: EuroFancolen

Source Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Brief Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of Plerixafor used in combination with G-CSF (Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor) in 5 Fanconi anemia patients to mobilize and collect a sufficient number of peripheral blood CD34+ cells for peripheral blood apheresis, for further gene therapy study.

Detailed Description

Fanconi anemia is an autosomal recessive disease with an average survival of around 24 years old. The number of cells producted by bone marrow decreases around 5-10 years old. Hematological symptoms occur around 7 years old. 80% of patients with Fanconi anemia have clinical signs of bone marrow failure in the first decade of life. Generally macrocytosis is the first noticeable sign. Then it leads to thrombocytopenia, anemia and pancytopenia.

Epidemiologic studies show that nearly all of the patients will have medullar aplasia before 40 years old, which is then the first cause of mortality.

It must be emphasized that these complications may occur simultaneously for the same patient, so joint therapeutic intervention is needed.

There is no basic treatment. Some currently used treatments cure cytopenias. These treatments involve blood transfusion, oral androgen, hematopoietic growth factor administration, such as Epo and G-CSF to treat anemia and neutropenia. These treatments are not curative. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only treatment able to restore permanently hematopoiesis. However, this treatment leads to a high level risk of developing solid tumors and other complications.

All these data justify of developing a stem cells gene therapy treatment using a lentiviral vector expressing wild-type FANCA gene under CIBER promoter.

Three studies have shown the potential number of cells to be mobilized in patients with Fanconi anemia.

The aim is first, to show if administering G-CSF with plerixafor may lead to collect enough cells to potentially perform a gene therapy graft. Secondly the study will assess the tolerance, the stem cells' mobilization kinetic and collected cells' biological features.

This study will be performed in Necker Children Hospital. 8 patients will be enrolled in order to reach 5 treated patients and to analyse how many injections and days are required to reach the cells' number goal.

Sequential blood samples of patients will be drawn to monitor complete blood count (CBC), platelet, CD34+ cells rate and stem cells phenotype.

The clinical and biological data will be anonymously entered in a electronic case report by the investigators up to the end of the study.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date February 10, 2017
Completion Date March 2021
Primary Completion Date September 2020
Phase Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
level of CD34+ cells mobilization from day 5 to day 8 after the first injection of G-CSF
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
number of treatment-related adverse events as a measure of tolerability 30 days after cytapheresis
Enrollment 8
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: G-CSF

Description: D1 to D4 : Injection of 12 µg/kg of G-CSF twice a day . D5 : injection of 12 µg/kg of G-CSF (once/ twice a day according to cytapheresis's realization)

Arm Group Label: Fanconi anemia

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Plerixafor

Description: D5 : injection of 24mg/kg of plerixafor once a day until cytapheresis has be done (maximum of 4 days)

Arm Group Label: Fanconi anemia

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patient with Fanconi anemia

- Patient from 2 to 17 years old

- Potential indication for allogenic bone arrow graft without HLA-identical brotherhood available

- Patient's weight >10kg

- Treated and followed for at least the previous two years in a specialized center where they got a full assessment of their disease

- For women of childbearing age, not pregnant and use of an effective contraception during the entire participation in the research.

- Affiliated or beneficiary of an health insurance regimen

- Informed and signed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patient unable to follow the visits required by the protocol

- Positive serology for HIV-1/2, HTLV-1/2, HCV and HbS

- Bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic active infection with clinical signs

- Personal history of cancer, myeloproliferative hematopathy or immune deficiency

- Heart failure and / or heart rhythm disorder

- History of allogeneic graft of hematopoietic stem cells

- Patient with an HLA-identical brotherhood donor available

- Myelodysplasia diagnose on myelogram

- Cytogenetic abnormality on karyotype

- Malignant solid tumor

- Documented spontaneous genetic reversion of medullary process

- Diagnosis of a psychiatric disorder that could compromise his/her ability to participate in the study

- Any disorder according to the investigator, that could compromise the ability of patient to give his writing consent and/or to comply with requiring study's procedures

- Current Pregnancy

- Heart, kidney or liver failure

- Current participation in another interventional clinical trial

- Patient under Medical Assistance State

- Hypersensitivity to plerixafor or any excipient contained in MOZOBIL®

- Hypersensitivity to filgrastim or any of its' excipient

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 2 Years

Maximum Age: 17 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Marina CAVAZZANA, MD, PhD Study Director AP-HP, Necker hospital
Overall Contact

Last Name: Francois LEFRERE, MD

Phone: +33 1 44 49 52 74

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Status: Contact: Hôpital necker-Enfants malades Francois LEFRERE, MD +33 1 44 49 52 74 francois[email protected]
Location Countries

France

Verification Date

May 2019

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Label: Fanconi anemia

Type: Experimental

Description: G-CSF and Plerixafor

Acronym FancoMob
Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov