Efficacy of Electroacupuncture on Acute Abdomen Emergency Care

Efficacy of Electroacupuncture on Acute Abdomen Emergency Care

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Changhua Christian Hospital

Source Changhua Christian Hospital
Brief Summary

Contrast to conventional Western medicine, traditional Chinese medicine is the most common used therapy of complementary and alternative medicine. Taiwan inherits traditional Chinese culture, and the people popularly accept traditional Chinese medicine for general diseases. However, most patients with acute or critical illness are used to admit to emergency department for medical services, and then transfer to the department of related specialist for further treatment. During the course of staying at emergent observation room, some diseases do not meet the criteria of admission and keep for evaluation. The longer of staying at emergent observation room the more waste medical resources.

The Chinese medicine department of Changhua Christian hospital has treated patients, who consulted us at their own dispense, with subjective discomfort but remained at the emergent observation room. Detailed contents of this study include the Chinese and Western medicine, pharmaceutical, nursing cooperation mode, monitoring clinical effect of treating of the patients diagnosed with intestinal obstruction or ileus who complain about nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, abdominal distension or constipation.And the patients were assigned to the control and treatment group. Then we give the treatment group with the electroacupuncture treatment,and the control groupe with the Chinese medicine seeds and the transcutaneous nerve stimulation (no power).The patients were diagnosed with objective analysis of tongue diagnosis, pulse diagnosis, heart rate variability, and questionnaire of pain. Hope that we can assess the efficacy of both two different treatment,and also assess the cost of medical care, and try to complete the syndromes statistical analysis of traditional Chinese medicine for abdominal pain, building the relevance of Chinese medicine physical assessment teaching and clinical efficacy.

The most important of this clinical teaching is that, this is a good opportunity for Chinese medicine and Western medicine to cooperate with each other at the emergency department to confirm the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine, not only in the field of chronic or geriatric diseases, but also in the field of emergency with the evidence base. This factually achieves communication and integration of Chinese and Western medicine, and benefits the public.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date April 17, 2017
Completion Date April 16, 2018
Primary Completion Date April 16, 2018
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Assessed the change of pain Before intervention/ 15 minutes after intervention/ 3 days after the intervention
Assessed the change of pain Before intervention/ 15 minutes after intervention/ 3 days after the intervention
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
The duration that patient stay at emergency department (ED) . The duration is from the post-treatment to after 3 days that the participant may be discharged.
The ratio is that patient goes to emergency department (ED) because of the same chief complain unexpectedly. The duration is from the post-treatment to after 3 days that the participant may be discharged.
Enrollment 60
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Other

Intervention Name: electroacupuncture

Description: acupuncture needle with TENS device

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients 20-90 years old,who accepted to enter this trial

2. The patients diagnosed with intestinal obstruction or ileus who complain about nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, abdominal distension or constipation.

3. ICD-10 is R101-R1012

Exclusion Criteria:

Does not meet the above conditions

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 20 Years

Maximum Age: 90 Years

Healthy Volunteers: No

Location
Facility: Changhua Christian Hospital
Location Countries

Taiwan

Verification Date

February 2019

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Changhua Christian Hospital

Investigator Full Name: Lee Tsung Chieh

Investigator Title: Vice director of Chinese Medicine

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: electroacupuncture

Type: Experimental

Description: Participants were randomized divided into experimental and control groups .Acupuncture included Hegu (LI 4), Neiguan (PC6), Zusali (ST 36), Shanjuxu (ST37), Xiajuxu (ST39), Taichong (LR3) and Taibai(SP3) on both hands and legs. Acupuncture included Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC6), Zusali (ST 36) and Taichong (LR3) with electrical stimulation were conducted. The frequency of electrical stimulation was 2 Hz and the intensities of the stimulation was below 9.8 mA for 15 minutes.After 15 minutes treatment, acupuncture were removed and after 15 minutes the investigators stated to evaluate.

Label: sham electroacupuncture

Type: Sham Comparator

Description: Participants were randomized divided into experimental and control groups. The Vaccaria Seeds (scientific name:Vaccaria segetalis) will be applied in control group. Vaccaria Seed is a spherical, smooth and hard seed, which is commonly used on ear acupuncture point. In control group, Vaccaria Seeds will be secured on the acupuncture point the same as experimental group, and coverd by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), which is actually not turned on. The intervention will last for 15 minutes.After 15 minutes treatment, acupuncture were removed and after 15 minutes the investigators stated to evaluate.

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov