Effects of Melatonin as a Novel Antioxidant and Free Radicals Scavenger in Neonatal Sepsis

Effects of Melatonin as a Novel Antioxidant and Free Radicals Scavenger in Neonatal Sepsis

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Mohamed Hussein Metwally

Source Ain Shams University
Brief Summary

Assess the efficacy of melatonin as an adjuvant in the treatment of free radical disease in septic preterms receiving melatonin compared to those on conventional treatment through measuring the level of Malondialdehyde as a marker of oxidative stress and by comparing other clinical and laboratory parameters of sepsis in both groups.

Detailed Description

This is a randomized controlled trial. It will be provisionally conducted on 55 neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) of Ain Shams University Hospitals, Cairo, Egypt.

Inclusion criteria:

The study will include:Preterm infants (less than 37 weeks gestational age). Evidence of neonatal sepsis.

Exclusion Criteria: Neonate with evidence of any of the following will be excluded:

Infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Infants on nothing per os. Infants with high oxygen needs either on invasive or non-invasive mechanical ventilation.

Group Classification:

Studied neonates will be completely evaluated and subsequently discriminated, into 2 main groups:Sepsis group: including neonates with proved sepsis. These will be subsequently randomized by permuted block randomization according to sequence of enrollment into:Subgroup A: neonates with odd numbers will receive melatonin.

Subgroup B: neonates with even numbers will not receive the medicine. Non Sepsis group: healthy neonates, in whom sepsis will be ruled-out on the basis of absence of any clinical or laboratory evidence suggestive of infection.

Diagnosis of neonatal sepsis will be established based on the presence of: risk factors of sepsis (e.g., prematurity, chorioamnionitis), any clinical evidence suggestive of sepsis, quantitative C-reactive protein (CRP) levels ≥6 mg/dL, Rodwell's hematological scores ≥3, with or without positive blood culture results

1. Comprehensive history taking including:

A.Antenatal history: Maternal age, maternal diseases; Maternal diabetic control, maternal fever, infection, prolonged rupture of membranes >=18 hours, malodorous vaginal discharge.

B.Natal history: Gestational age, sex, and mode of delivery. C.Postnatal history: APGAR score, Respiratory distress and/or cyanosis.

2. Gestational age will be estimated using the date of the last menstrual period, early antenatal ultrasound if present when available and confirmed by the new Ballard scoring system

3. Full clinical examination including: chest, cardiac, abdominal and neurological examination.

4. Clinical signs of infection: lethargy, irritability, prolonged capillary refill, tachycardia, respiratory distress, apnea, convulsions, abdominal distension, feeding intolerance, hyperglycemia, temperature instability and bleeding.

5. Assessment of the hemodynamic state of the neonates: mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), urinary output, temperature, capillary refill time.

6. Laboratory investigations Complete blood picture (CBC) with differential leucocytic count. C- reactive protein (CRP) quantitative assay. Blood cultures. MDA assay: blood samples will be collected in plain tubes from peripheral veins or central venous access. Samples will be allowed to clot before centrifugation for 15 minutes and serum will be stored at (-20 degree C) until MDA analysis using MDA competitive ELISA-kit.

Blood samples will be collected from all included neonates at enrollment and in day one for healthy group.

As for subgroup A, other samples will be withdrawn at 4 and 72 hours after melatonin administration to assess serum level of malondialdehyde while for subgroup B another sample will be withdrawn after 72 hours

7. Melatonin Medication:

Melatonin 10 mg rapid release capsules (puritans pride) will be used. Melatonin will be given at a total dose of 20 mg dissolved in 4 ml of distilled water via enteral route in two doses of 10 mg each(2 ml ), with a 1-hour interval.(Gitto et al., 2000)

8. Treatment protocol: All neonates will be managed according to the protocol of NICU beside routine neonatal care.

Babies admitted to NICU will be bathed, placed in incubator, attached to monitor.

Cannula will be inserted, IV fluids is started and IV antibiotics. If there is respiratory distress: O2 or ventilation is started, usually feeds are delayed to day 2 or day 3 (or even later) according the severity of condition (clinical decision according to the attending neonatologist).

If no distress and the baby is well: trophic feeds will be started (10ml/kg/day milk), feeds are increased in 10-20ml/kg/day according to baby tolerance, and the condition of the baby (clinical decision according to the attending neonatologist), IV fluids are reduced gradually.

Overall Status Completed
Start Date November 26, 2015
Completion Date September 1, 2017
Primary Completion Date March 1, 2017
Phase Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Melatonin as an antioxidant and free radicals scavenger in Neonatal sepsis 3 days
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
melatonin as an adjuvant in management of neonatal sepsis 3 days
Enrollment 55
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Drug

Intervention Name: Melatonin 10 mg

Description: Melatonin will be given at a total dose of 20 mg dissolved in 4 ml of distilled water via enteral route in two doses of 10 mg each(2 ml ), with a 1-hour interval. to one group together with conventional treatment

Arm Group Label: Sepsis A Group

Intervention Type: Combination Product

Intervention Name: Conventional treatment of neonatal sepsis

Description: Conventional treatment of neonatal sepsis including antibiotics,IV fluids, Total Parenteral Nutrition,etc...

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

Preterm infants ( less than 37 weeks gestational age). Evidence of neonatal sepsis

Exclusion Criteria:

Infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopath Infants on nothing per os. Infants with high oxygen needs either on invasive or non-invasive mechanical ventilation.

Gender: All

Minimum Age: N/A

Maximum Age: 28 Days

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Verification Date

September 2017

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor-Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Ain Shams University

Investigator Full Name: Mohamed Hussein Metwally

Investigator Title: Assistant Lecturer

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 3
Arm Group

Label: Sepsis A Group

Type: Experimental

Description: neonates diagnosed with Sepsis and will receive melatonin. 10 mg product as a total dose of 20 mg .together with conventional treatment of Neonatal sepsis

Label: Sepsis B Group

Type: Sham Comparator

Description: neonates diagnosed with Sepsis and willnot receive melatonin., they will recieve only the conventional treatment of Neonatal Sepsis

Label: Control

Type: No Intervention

Description: healthy neonates, in whom sepsis will be ruled-out on the basis of absence of any clinical or laboratory evidence suggestive of infection.

Patient Data Undecided
Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov