Intermitent Hypoxia and Its Pathophysiology Consequences in the Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome.

Intermitent Hypoxia and Its Pathophysiology Consequences in the Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome. Basic, Clinical and Therapeutically Study.

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: Fundació d'investigació Sanitària de les Illes Balears

Source Fundació d'investigació Sanitària de les Illes Balears
Brief Summary

Clinical trial on the effect of continuous positive pressure (CPAP). Objectives: 1) To assess the total or partial recovery of oxidative and inflammatory damage after recovering IH. 2) To check whether the results obtained in vitro on the recovery of the damage according to the form of manifestation of IH are validated in SAHS patients. 3) To determine if CPAP reduces nighttime blood pressure and arterial stiffness depending on whether or not patients have a non-dipping pattern of blood pressure and depending on the degree of correction of IH. 4) To clarify whether residual nocturnal hypoxemia influences the recovery of oxidative and inflammatory damage in patients. 5) To determine nasal and intestinal microbioma and the effect of CPAP treatment

Detailed Description

Design: Randomized, parallel group, non-blinded, controlled clinical trial compared with conventional treatment. A. Protocol and intervention Patients with an AHI>30 h-1 will be assigned, using a 1:1 randomization table, to lifestyle recommendations treatment or to lifestyle recommendations plus nasal CPAP, for a period of 4 months. CPAP pressure will be titled with automatic using an AutoSet II device, ResMed. B. Sample size For the estimation of the sample size, previous data from our group were used. In this case, in order to compare the effect of CPAP in a subgroup of patients with well-controlled OSA and in another with residual hypoxemia; it would be necessary to randomize a total of 85 patients with OSA. C. Ethical considerations - Indication of CPAP treatment for the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in OSA patients without daytime sleepiness is not yet accepted. - Those patients with a urgent study indication for the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory sleep disorders (professional drivers, respiratory failure or risk professions) will be excluded from the project. In the other cases, the delay in healthcare for the performance of Polysomnography and CPAP titration exceeds the duration of the study, therefore that patients assigned to the control arm (conventional treatment) will not be exposed to a higher risk than the general population. D. Methods - Polysomnography. It will be used as a screening test previous the randomization of the included patients. The exploration and its interpretation will be carried out following the recommendations of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Based on the results of this test, only those patients with an AHI will continue in the study when AHI >30 h-1. In these patients the determinations listed below will be carried out immediately before randomization (visit 1), at 4 weeks (visit 2), 16 weeks (visit 4) of allocation to the corresponding treatment group - Clinical data: The medication used and other associated diseases already diagnosed will be recorded. - Vital signs: recording of blood pressure, by means of a conventional triple taking, and heart rate. - Anthropometric characteristics: age and weight in basal conditions, the perimeter of the neck and waist / hip index will be measured. The lean mass index will be determined using a Bodystat 1500 impedance system (Bodystat Ltd, United Kingdom). - Questionnaires: Epworth Sleepiness Scale, generic health-related quality of life (SF-12 and EuroQoL) and daily physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire or iPAQ). - Laboratory findings: blood count, coagulation, creatinine, serum sodium and potassium; glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood glucose and insulin levels in fasting, from these values will determine the resistance and sensitivity to insulin using the HOMA and QUICKI indices; total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides; and troponin I, homocysteine, NT-pro BNP and highly sensitive C-reactive protein. - Blood venous samples. 20 mL of venous blood will be collected, storing the plasma obtained at -80 ºC for subsequent determination of inflammatory markers (IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, HIF 1- 'NF * + and TNF-a), oxidative stress (8-isoprostane), endothelial damage (endothelin, angiotensin II, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1), of sympathetic activity (neuropeptide Y, metanephrines) and appetite-regulating hormones (leptin and adiponectin). - Night pulse oximetry. To assess the existence of residual nocturnal hypoxemia. - Arterial stiffness. According to the recommendations by Sphygmo-Corsystem (version 7, AtCor Medical, Sydney, Australia). - Study of the gut and pharyngeal microbiota by massive sequencing (next generation sequencing) after PCR amplification of the 16S rRNA gene, paired-end sequencing with Illumina technology (16S Amplicon and XT Nextera Metagenomic) and subsequent metataxonomic analysis of the microbial populations. - Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) with Mortara's Ambulo 2400 ambulatory blood pressure device. - In the patients assigned to the CPAP treatment arm, a count of the hours of use of the CPAP will be carried out at each visit by directly reading the automatic counter of each equipment. Statistic analysis The data will be expressed as mean ± standard deviation, median (interquartile range) or percentage, depending on their type and distribution. For comparison between groups Student's t-test, the U-Mann-Whitney or the chi-square test will be used, as appropriate. The relations between variables will be analyzed using Pearson's correlation and multiple linear regression analysis. The effect of treatment will be evaluated using general linear models and repeated measures analysis of variance, with multiple comparisons post-hoc using the Bonferroni test. A multiple logistic regression model will be applied to determine the related variables with a response to treatment. Values of p <0.05 will be considered statistically significant. The statistical study will be performed with the SPSS program version 15.0.

Overall Status Not yet recruiting
Start Date July 20, 2020
Completion Date December 31, 2022
Primary Completion Date December 31, 2022
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change from baseline in 8 isoprostane levels 4 months
Change from baseline in microbiota population diversity from stool samples 4 months
Change from baseline in microbiota population diversity from nasopharyngeal samples 4 months
Change from baseline in microbiota population abundance from stool samples 4 months
Change from baseline in microbiota population abundance from nasopharyngeal samples 4 months
Change from baseline in microbiota population color maps from stool samples 4 months
Change from baseline in microbiota color maps from nasopharyngeal samples 4 months
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Change from baseline in Augmentation index (%) 4 months
Change from baseline in Pulse wave velocity (m / sec) in arm 4 months
Change form baseline in the plasmatic levels of biomarkers of inflammation 4 months
Change form baseline in the plasmatic levels of endothelin 4 months
Change form baseline in the plasmatic levels of appetite-regulating hormones 4 months
Change from baseline in number of patients with desaturation index >3% 4 months
Change from baseline in aortic, systolic blood pressure central (mmHg) 4 months
Change from baseline aortic diastolic blood pressure central and (mmHg) 4 months
Change from baseline in peripheral systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 4 months
Change from baseline in peripheral diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 4 months
Change from baseline in number of patients with nocturnal blood pressure dipping 4 months
Enrollment 130
Condition
Intervention

Intervention Type: Device

Intervention Name: CPAP

Description: Continuous positive airway pressure

Arm Group Label: Continuous positive airway pressure

Eligibility

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Cases: patients with AHI > 30 - Controls: subjects with AHI < 5 and Epworth >10 Exclusion Criteria: - Epworth>18 - BMI<40Kg/M2 - Arterial Hypertension - Mellitus Diabetes - Cerebrovascular disease - Ischemic heart disease - Cardiac arrhythmia - Chronic cardiovascular diseases - Daytime Oxygen saturation>95% - Risk professions (professional drivers) - Concomitant treatment with antihypertensives, statins, antidiabetics, beta-blockers or systemics corticosteroids. - Pretreatment with CPAP. - Participation in another clinical trial thirty days prior to randomization

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 65 Years

Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Official
Last Name Role Affiliation
Alberto Alonso, Dr Principal Investigator Fundació d'investigació Sanitària de les Illes Balears
Overall Contact

Last Name: Alberto Alonso, Dr

Phone: +34871205050 (65517)

Email: [email protected]

Location
Facility: Contact:
Hospital Son Espases | Palma, Balearic Islands, 07006, Spain Alberto Alonso 660914808 [email protected]
Hospital Son Llatzer | Palma, Balearic Islands, 07006, Spain María Maciá, Dr [email protected]
Location Countries

Spain

Verification Date

July 2020

Responsible Party

Type: Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation: Fundació d'investigació Sanitària de les Illes Balears

Investigator Full Name: Alberto Alonso Fernandez

Investigator Title: Médico adjunto servicio Neumología. Hospital Son Espases

Keywords
Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 2
Arm Group

Label: Continuous positive airway pressure

Type: Active Comparator

Description: Diet and general life style recommendations plus continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).

Label: Conservative treatment

Type: No Intervention

Description: Diet and general life style recommendations.

Study Design Info

Allocation: Randomized

Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov