The Social Gradient of Urban Noise Pollution and Its Effect on Pediatric and Adult Health

The Social Gradient of Urban Noise Pollution and Its Effect on Pediatric and Adult Health

Sponsors

Lead Sponsor: University of Pennsylvania

Source University of Pennsylvania
Brief Summary

The investigators pilot test an intervention to understand the spatial-temporal distribution of aggregated environmental noise exposure in Philadelphia and its impact on health.

Detailed Description

Noise pollution - sound created by human activities considered harmful to health - represents an oft- cited public concern, yet has taken a back seat to other environmental hazards. A limited number of observational studies demonstrate that chronic environmental noise exposure is associated with poor outcomes in adults and children, including cardiovascular disease, poor mental health, impaired sleep, and reduced cognitive performance in children. Further investigation and direct measurement at a community-level is needed to not only better understand the spatial-temporal distribution of aggregated environmental noise exposure and its impact on health, but also to lay the groundwork to develop and evaluate needed noise-reducing interventions. The broad objective of this pilot proposal is to examine the social gradient of noise at a micro-spatial level in Philadelphia and evaluate its impact on the health of pediatric and adult local residents. Our multi-disciplinary team uniquely combines emerging digital and remote-sensing technologies, and expertise in place- based interventions to achieve the following specific aims: (AIM 1) Document the spatial-temporal distribution of environmental noise exposure across 24 Philadelphia neighborhoods with low, medium, and high socioeconomic status (SES), and (AIM 2) Explore the feasibility of evaluating the relationship between noise exposure and biometric health data - including sleep quality, cardiovascular metrics, and neurobehavioral profiles in pediatric and adult participants.

Overall Status Not yet recruiting
Start Date May 2021
Completion Date May 2022
Primary Completion Date September 2021
Study Type Observational
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Environmental noise measurement of 24 Philadelphia neighborhoods using outdoor remote monitoring via International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 30 days
Measures of feasibility 14 days
Measures of acceptability 14 days
Secondary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Sleep duration using an Actigraphy device (adults and pediatric) 14 days
Sleep quality using an Actigraphy device (adults and pediatric) 14 days
Cardiovascular health (adults only) 14 days
Neurobehavioral measures (pediatric): BRIEF-II 14 days
Neurobehavioral measures (pediatric): CBCL 14 days
Neurobehavioral measures (adults): BRIEF-A 14 days
Neurobehavioral measures (adults): ABCL 14 days
Enrollment 20
Condition
Eligibility

Sampling Method: Non-Probability Sample

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: - Residents living within 0.25 miles of the location of an external sound device - Adults 18 years and older - Children between 11-17 years of age - Able to understand and respond to an oral interview in English Exclusion Criteria: - Unwilling to wear an Actigraphy device - Adults unwilling to take blood pressure

Gender: All

Minimum Age: 11 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Verification Date

March 2021

Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Arm Group

Label: Children

Description: Children between 11-17 years of age will be asked to participate in a home visit, where they respond to questions about certain actions or behaviors that affect their physical, emotional, or mental well-being (BRIEF-II and CBCL questionnaires). The child will also be asked to wear an actigraphy device on their wrist for 14 days while he/she sleeps to track their sleep quality.

Label: Adults

Description: Adults, 18 years and older will be asked to participate in a home visit, where they respond to questions about certain actions or behaviors that affect your physical, emotional, or mental well-being (BRIEF-A and ABCL questionnaires). The adult will also be asked to wear an actigraphy device on their wrist for 14 days while he/she sleeps to track their sleep quality. Additionally, the adult will need to take their blood pressure 3 times per day for 14 days and record measurements.

Study Design Info

Observational Model: Cohort

Time Perspective: Prospective

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

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