Toilet Training and Adults With Learning Disabilities

Toileting Assessment and Toilet Training for Adults With Learning Disabilities With Incontinence


Lead Sponsor: Glasgow Caledonian University

Collaborator: University of Kent

Source Glasgow Caledonian University
Brief Summary

Incontinence is common in adults with learning disabilities (LDs). Behavioural toilet training in conjunction with toilet alarms is recommended for people with LDs, but there is a paucity of research, thus evidence-based practise, on behavioural toilet training for adults with LDs. The aim of this study is to assess the toileting needs and issues of 30 adults with LDs with incontinence, and determine whether a 12-week individualised positive behavioural support training intervention, with the use of toilet alarms, promotes continence.

Detailed Description

Adults with learning disabilities with incontinence are being invited to participate in a 12-week personalised, positive toilet training plan, following assessment of their toileting needs. Primary outcome measures will be: number of incidences of incontinence, and number of instances of successful voiding in a toilet. Toilet alarms will be used to encourage prompted voiding in a toilet.

Overall Status Recruiting
Start Date 2022-08-28
Completion Date 2023-11-27
Primary Completion Date 2023-09-27
Phase N/A
Study Type Interventional
Primary Outcome
Measure Time Frame
Number of instances of incontinence 12 weeks
Number of instances of successful voiding in a toilet 12 weeks
Enrollment 30

Intervention Type: Device

Intervention Name: Toilet alarm

Description: A Malem toilet alarm (wristworn, discretely in underwear, or bed mat) will be used to promote prompred voiding in a toilet

Arm Group Label: Intervention group



Inclusion Criteria: - Adults with learning disabilities with incontince across all levels of learning disabilities (mild to profound) Exclusion Criteria: - Cannot sit on a toilet for up to 3 minutes



Minimum Age:

18 Years

Maximum Age:

90 Years

Healthy Volunteers:

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Overall Contact Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects.
Facility: Status: Contact:
Glasgow Caledonian University | Glasgow, Lanarkshire, G4 0BA, United Kingdom Recruiting Janet Finlayson, PhD 0141 331 3083 [email protected]
Glasgow Caledonian University | Glasgow, Scotland, G4 0BA, United Kingdom Recruiting Janet Finlayson, PHD 0141 331 3083 [email protected]
Location Countries

United Kingdom

Verification Date


Responsible Party

Type: Sponsor

Has Expanded Access No
Condition Browse
Number Of Arms 1
Arm Group

Label: Intervention group

Type: Experimental

Description: 30 adults with learning disabilities with incontinence will be offered a 12-week personalised toilet training plan, which promotes prompted voiding in a toilet

Patient Data No
Study Design Info

Allocation: N/A

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment

Intervention Model Description: A feasibility sample of 30 adults with learning disabilities with incontinence

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Masking: None (Open Label)

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