Comparing Injections With Poly-L-Lactic Acid in the Temporal Fossa vs. Extended Temporal Fossa + Hairline

March 22, 2024 updated by: Erevna Innovations Inc.

A Prospective, Randomized-controlled Trial Comparing Superficial Injections With Poly-L-Lactic Acid in the Temporal Fossa Versus Extended Temporal Fossa + Hairline

The use of poly-L-Lactic acid (PLLA) has demonstrated significant improvement in multiple facial and body regions. Its use in the temporal fossa is the ideal location to demonstrate its impact on neocollagenesis given its distinct anatomic boundaries. Furthermore, the fact that the lateral boundary of the temporal region can extend into the hairline allows for a graded effect to be measured. Therefore, this study aims to extend these findings by evaluating the efficacy and safety of two injection techniques for volumizing temporal hollows.

Study Overview

Status

Recruiting

Conditions

Detailed Description

Non-invasive treatment of volume loss is one of the most common aesthetic treatments performed worldwide. Poly-L-lactic acid has been used as a skin filler since 1999 in Europe and since 2004 in the United States (Vlegger, 2014), as well as in several medical areas for over three decades (Chen, 2014; Vlegger, 2006) In addition, poly-L-lactic acid is widely used in several countries for facial rejuvenation, with extensive documentation of their efficacy and safety in this context (Vlegger, 2014). Sculptra® Aesthetic is an injectable implant containing microparticles of poly-L-lactic acid, carboxymethylcellulose, non-pyrogenic mannitol and sterile water for injection. Sculptra® Aesthetic is available in 367.5 mg dose vials and is to be reconstituted prior to use by the addition of 8 mL of sterile water + 1mL xylocaine for injection to form a sterile nonpyrogenic suspension.

Sculptra® Aesthetic is indicated for increasing the volume of depressed areas, particularly to correct skin depressions such as in skin creases, wrinkles, folds, scars and for skin aging. It is also suitable for large volume corrections of the signs of facial fat loss (lipoatrophy). Poly-L-lactic acid is capable of increasing the dermal tissue through stimulating production of collagen, contributing to filling, volumizing in the treated area (Lowe, 2006; Vlegger, 2014). Unlike other skin fillers that promote volume increase shortly after injection (e.g., HA), poly-L-lactic acid exerts its effect over the course of a few weeks. This effect is usually visible after two months and noticeable up to two years after treatment (Chen, 2014; Vlegger, 2006; Vlegger, 2014)

The use of poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) has demonstrated significant improvement in multiple facial and body regions. Its use in the temporal fossa is the ideal location to demonstrate its impact on neocollagenesis given its distinct anatomic boundaries. Furthermore, the fact that the lateral boundary of the temporal region can extend into the hairline allows for a graded effect to be measured. Therefore, this study aims to extend these findings by evaluating the efficacy and safety of two injection techniques for volumizing temporal hollows.

Study Type

Interventional

Enrollment (Estimated)

24

Phase

  • Not Applicable

Contacts and Locations

This section provides the contact details for those conducting the study, and information on where this study is being conducted.

Study Contact

Study Locations

    • Quebec
      • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3R 3A1
        • Recruiting
        • Erevna Innovations Inc
        • Contact:

Participation Criteria

Researchers look for people who fit a certain description, called eligibility criteria. Some examples of these criteria are a person's general health condition or prior treatments.

Eligibility Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study

  • Adult
  • Older Adult

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Yes

Description

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must voluntarily sign and date an informed consent, approved by an independent ethics committee, prior to the initiation of any screening or study-specific procedures.
  • Subjects must be adult male or female, at least 18 years old.
  • Subjects must be willing and able to comply with procedures required in the protocol.
  • Subjects must be in good health as per investigator's judgment based on medical history.
  • Subjects must have mild to severe temporal fossa hollowing.
  • Subjects must not have uncontrolled systemic disease.
  • Subjects do not present with or have a history of any medical condition that may place the subject at increased risk following exposure to PLLA or interfere with the study evaluation, including:

    • History of facial nerve palsy.
    • Infection or dermatological condition at the treatment injection sites.
    • Marked facial asymmetry, dermatochalasis, deep dermal scarring, excessively thick sebaceous skin, or excessively photodamaged skin.
    • Any eyebrow or eyelid ptosis at Baseline as determined by the investigator.
  • Subjects do not have history of clinically significant medical conditions or any other reason that the investigator determines would interfere with the subject's participation in this study or would make the subject an unsuitable candidate to receive study drug.
  • Subjects do not have history of an allergic reaction or significant sensitivity to constituents of the study drug (or its excipients).
  • Subjects must not have tattoos, jewelry, or clothing which obscure the temporal region and cannot be removed.
  • Subjects do not have anticipated need for surgery or overnight hospitalization during the study.
  • Subjects do not have a history of surgical procedures on forehead and/or periorbital areas or affecting these areas including any lifting procedure (e.g., facial lift, suture lift, thread lift, brow lift, eyelid and/or eyebrow surgery).
  • Subjects do not have history of periorbital or upper-facial treatment with semi- permanent or permanent soft tissue fillers (e.g., poly-L-lactic acid, polyalkylimide, polymethylmethacrylate, polytetrafluoroethylene, and silicone), synthetic implantation and/or autologous fat transplantation.
  • One month prior to enrolment: Subjects do not have any periorbital or upper-facial cosmetic procedures with superficial-to-medium resurfacing/planning (e.g., microdermabrasion, dermaplaning, dermabrasion), chemical peels (e.g., glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid and phenol), or nonablative energy-based facial treatments (e.g., radiofrequency, ultrasound, electromagnetic, laser, light).
  • Three months prior to enrolment: Subjects do not have ablative energy-based facial treatments or permanent make-up.
  • Twelve months prior to enrolment: any periorbital or upper-facial treatment with nonpermanent soft tissue fillers (e.g., hyaluronic acid-based fillers, calcium hydroxylapatite, and collagen-based fillers).
  • Subjects with known active COVID infection within 14 days of treatment.
  • Female subjects of child-bearing potential must have a negative urine pregnancy test prior to any dose of study product.
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential must practice at least 1 protocol-specified method of birth control that is effective from Baseline through at least 30 days after the last dose or until the end of study, whichever is longer. Female subjects of non-childbearing potential do not need to use birth control.
  • Female subjects that are not pregnant or breastfeeding and are not considering becoming pregnant or donating eggs during the study or for approximately 30 days after the last dose of study drug or until the end of study, whichever is longer.
  • Subjects must not have been treated with any investigational drug within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug or is currently enrolled in another clinical study.
  • Using or planning to initiate restrictive diets that could result in extreme fluctuations in weight (i.e., +/- 10 lbs), at investigator's discretion.
  • Using or planning to initiate the use of supplements for weight loss.
  • Using or have used within the previous 3 months drugs such as corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, anticoagulants or other collagen-production inhibitors.
  • Initiated use of hormones or change in dose of hormonal replacement therapy within 3 months, due to possible implications on weight.
  • Sculptra® Aesthetic should not be used in patients with known history of or susceptibility to keloid formation or hypertrophic scarring.

Study Plan

This section provides details of the study plan, including how the study is designed and what the study is measuring.

How is the study designed?

Design Details

  • Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Interventional Model: Single Group Assignment
  • Masking: None (Open Label)

Arms and Interventions

Participant Group / Arm
Intervention / Treatment
Active Comparator: Traditional technique
Subjects randomized to the traditional technique will receive 3cc of PLLA (per side, per treatment) in the anterior temporal region.
Experimental: Extended technique
Subjects randomized to the extended technique will receive 3cc of PLLA (per side, per treatment) in the anterior temporal region, as well as 2cc (per side, per treatment) in the posterior (i.e., behind the hairline) temporal region.

What is the study measuring?

Primary Outcome Measures

Outcome Measure
Measure Description
Time Frame
To access the efficacy of the tradition and experimental technique
Time Frame: Baseline to Week 7, Week 14, Week 20, Week 28, Week 38
To assess the efficacy of poly-l-lactic acid for volumization of the temporal fossae, between standard and extended techniques at all follow-up visits.
Baseline to Week 7, Week 14, Week 20, Week 28, Week 38

Secondary Outcome Measures

Outcome Measure
Measure Description
Time Frame
To access the safety of the tradition and experimental technique
Time Frame: Baseline to Week 7, Week 14, Week 20, Week 28, Week 38
To assess the safety of poly-l-lactic acid for volumization of the temporal fossae between the standard and extended techniques, at all visits.
Baseline to Week 7, Week 14, Week 20, Week 28, Week 38

Collaborators and Investigators

This is where you will find people and organizations involved with this study.

Publications and helpful links

The person responsible for entering information about the study voluntarily provides these publications. These may be about anything related to the study.

Study record dates

These dates track the progress of study record and summary results submissions to ClinicalTrials.gov. Study records and reported results are reviewed by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) to make sure they meet specific quality control standards before being posted on the public website.

Study Major Dates

Study Start (Actual)

May 19, 2023

Primary Completion (Estimated)

April 30, 2024

Study Completion (Estimated)

June 1, 2024

Study Registration Dates

First Submitted

May 23, 2023

First Submitted That Met QC Criteria

March 22, 2024

First Posted (Actual)

March 29, 2024

Study Record Updates

Last Update Posted (Actual)

March 29, 2024

Last Update Submitted That Met QC Criteria

March 22, 2024

Last Verified

June 1, 2023

More Information

Terms related to this study

Other Study ID Numbers

  • 04-2023-PLLA

Plan for Individual participant data (IPD)

Plan to Share Individual Participant Data (IPD)?

NO

Drug and device information, study documents

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated drug product

No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated device product

No

product manufactured in and exported from the U.S.

No

This information was retrieved directly from the website clinicaltrials.gov without any changes. If you have any requests to change, remove or update your study details, please contact register@clinicaltrials.gov. As soon as a change is implemented on clinicaltrials.gov, this will be updated automatically on our website as well.

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