A Study to Determine if Antibiotics Prevent Infection in the Pancreas of Patients Where Part of the Pancreas Has Died

A Multicentre, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Study on the Use of Prophylactic Meropenem Therapy in Subjects With Severe Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis

Sponsoren

Hauptsponsor: Pfizer

Quelle Pfizer
Kurze Zusammenfassung

This is a research study in patients having a condition known as necrotizing pancreatitis. This is inflammation of the pancreas (an intestinal organ which assists with digestion) that has resulted in the damage and death of some pancreatic tissue. This damaged pancreatic tissue may develop a bacterial infection, which can cause further -sometimes very serious- health problems.

It may be possible to prevent or delay infection by giving 'prophylactic' antibiotics (that is - to provide protection before any infection starts). However, it is not certain that this antibiotic therapy will be successful.

This study is being carried out to see whether the antibiotic 'Meropenem' (which is also known as MERREM I.V.) provides protection from developing a pancreatic infection. This will be done by comparing the progress of patients who receive meropenem with those who receive a non-active placebo solution (a solution that does not contain any active medication).

Meropenem or placebo would be given in addition to the standard treatment received for pancreatitis.

It is not known if meropenem will help prevent infections associated with necrotizing pancreatitis.

Approximately 240 patients will take part in this study.

Study participation will be carried out for up to 6 weeks, and patients will receive the study treatment up to a maximum of 21 days.

Gesamtstatus Completed
Anfangsdatum February 2003
Fertigstellungstermin December 2004
Primäres Abschlussdatum December 2004
Phase Phase 4
Studientyp Interventional
Einschreibung 240
Bedingung
Intervention

Interventionsart: Drug

Interventionsname: meropenem

Teilnahmeberechtigung

Kriterien:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Diagnosis of necrotizing pancreatitis within 120 hours following onset of symptoms/first reported symptoms.

- Primary diagnosis to be confirmed by contrast-enhanced CT evidence of 30% necrosis of the pancreas.

- Or if > or equal to 30% necrosis is not present or cannot be confirmed, a contrast enhanced CT scan showing extensive or multiple pancreatic fluid collections and pancreatic edema (Balthazar Grade E) with either C-reactive protein (CRP). 120 mg/L or a MOD score of > 2 is acceptable.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Received an investigational drug or device within 30 days prior to entering study.

- Received > 48 hours of antibiotic therapy between onset of symptoms of pancreatitis and diagnosis of necrotizing pancreatitis.

- The subject has known or suspected anaphylactic or other type 1 (immediate) hypersensitivity reactions to cephalosporins, penicillins or carbapenems.

- The subject is receiving, or will require, probenecid therapy.

- The subject is neutropenic (absolute neutrophil count < 1000/mm 3).

- The subject has cirrhosis, severity of Child's grade C.

- There is not a commitment on the part of the clinical care team, the subject, or the subject's family to full, aggressive support including operative intervention if needed.

- The subject is a pregnant and/or nursing female

Geschlecht: All

Mindestalter: 18 Years

Maximales Alter: N/A

Gesunde Freiwillige: No

Insgesamt offiziell
Nachname Rolle Zugehörigkeit
AntiInfection Medical Science Director, MD Study Director AstraZeneca
Ort
Einrichtung:
Research Site | San Francisco, California, United States
Research Site | Tampa, Florida, United States
Research Site | Chicago, Illinois, United States
Research Site | Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Research Site | Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Research Site | Worcester, Massachusetts, United States
Research Site | Newark, New Jersey, United States
Research Site | New York, New York, United States
Research Site | Seattle, Washington, United States
Research Site | Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Research Site | Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Standort Länder

Canada

United States

Überprüfungsdatum

August 2017

Schlüsselwörter
Bedingung Durchsuchen
Studiendesign Info

Zuweisung: Randomized

Interventionsmodell: Parallel Assignment

Hauptzweck: Prevention

Maskierung: Double

Quelle: ClinicalTrials.gov