The Effect of Weight Loss and Exercise on Knee Osteoarthritis

The Impact of Weight Loss and Exercise on Knee Osteoarthritis


Hauptsponsor: Johns Hopkins University

Mitarbeiter: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)

Quelle Johns Hopkins University
Kurze Zusammenfassung

This study will evaluate whether a program of weight loss and exercise can help individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

detaillierte Beschreibung

Knee OA is a major public health challenge affecting millions of people in the United States. Obesity is a primary target for intervention since it accounts for up to 30% of knee OA, exacerbates symptoms, and is associated with bilateral involvement and more rapid progression of the disease. While the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Practice Guidelines recommend modest weight loss as symptomatic therapy, no published clinical trials have investigated the impact of weight loss on knee OA.

Physical activity has also been associated with pain reduction and increased mobility in individuals with knee OA and the ACR Practice Guidelines indicate that it should be included in treatment. Exercise may be especially helpful for overweight persons with knee OA as it is a potent predictor of weight loss maintenance. Though adherence to traditional exercise programs has been poor, adopting lifestyles in which exercise is accumulated throughout the day appears to be a promising new approach to physical activity. Lifestyle exercise may enhance exercise adherence by increasing options to be active and reducing time barriers. Episodic physical activity may also be preferable to continuous exercise by reducing pain and avoiding injury. The primary objective of this proposal is to evaluate the impact of weight loss and lifestyle exercise on knee osteoarthritis.

Participants will be randomly assigned to either a behavioral weight loss and exercise program or a delayed intervention group. Participants in the behavioral weight loss and exercise group will attend weekly group meetings at the Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center for 16 weeks. Group meetings last about 1 hour and are led by health care professionals. Participants will be taught how to lose weight and keep weight off by changing what they eat and evaluating their lifestyle. Participants will be instructed on a safe and effective diet plan (1200 calories/day for women; 1500 calories/day for men) and will be asked to increase their physical activity to about 30 minutes per day of brisk walking, most days of the week. After the 16-week program, groups will continue to meet every three months for 1 year to help sustain lifestyle changes.

The delayed intervention group will receive the program described above after a 4-month waiting period.

The primary outcome measure will be knee pain. Secondary measures include physical disability, quality of life, performance measures, and long-term adherence to behavior change.

Gesamtstatus Completed
Anfangsdatum September 2002
Fertigstellungstermin April 2006
Primäres Abschlussdatum April 2006
Phase N/A
Studientyp Interventional
Primärer Ausgang
Messen Zeitfenster
Pain 4 months and 16 months
Einschreibung 160

Interventionsart: Behavioral

Interventionsname: Behavioral weight control and lifestyle exercise

Beschreibung: 16 weekly educational meetings vs. waitlist control

Armgruppenetikett: 1



Inclusion Criteria

- Knee arthritis

- Pain on > 50 % of days in the month in one or both knees

- Difficulty with activities of daily living due to knee pain

- X-ray documenting knee OA within 1 year prior to study entry

- 15 lbs to 50 lbs overweight

Exclusion Criteria

- Significant cardiac, pulmonary, renal, or hepatic disease

- Major psychiatric disease

- ACR functional class IV

- Structured exercise more than once per week for 20 minutes or longer during the 3 months prior to study entry

- Anticipates moving from the area within 18 months of study entry

- Anticipates undergoing knee surgery within 1 year of study entry

- Weight loss of more than 5 kg (11 lbs) in 3 months prior to study entry

- Anorexiant or other medications known to affect metabolism

- Current or planned pregnancy

Geschlecht: All

Mindestalter: 19 Years

Maximales Alter: N/A

Gesunde Freiwillige: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Insgesamt offiziell
Nachname Rolle Zugehörigkeit
Susan J. Bartlett, MD Principal Investigator Johns Hopkins University
Einrichtung: Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center
Standort Länder

United States


September 2017

Verantwortliche Partei

Art: Sponsor

Hat den Zugriff erweitert No
Bedingung Durchsuchen
Anzahl der Waffen 2

Etikette: 1

Art: Experimental

Beschreibung: 16 weekly educational meetings

Etikette: 2

Art: No Intervention

Beschreibung: Wait list control

Studiendesign Info

Zuweisung: Randomized

Interventionsmodell: Factorial Assignment

Hauptzweck: Treatment

Maskierung: None (Open Label)